Songs and Dances of Death

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mussorgsky in 1874

Songs and Dances of Death (Russian: Песни и пляски смерти, Pesni i plyaski smerti) is a song cycle for voice (usually bass or bass-baritone) and piano by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, written in the mid-1870s, to poems by Arseny Golenishchev-Kutuzov, a relative of the composer.

Each song deals with death in a poetic manner although the depictions are realistic in that they reflect experiences not uncommon in 19th century Russia: child death, death in youth, drunken misadventure and war.

The song cycle is considered Mussorgsky's masterpiece in the genre.

Song titles[edit]

The individual song titles and dates of composition are as follows:

1.Lullaby (Колыбельная) (1875) (in F-sharp minor)

  • A mother cradles her sick infant, who grows more feverish. Death appears, disguised as a babysitter, and rocks the infant to eternal sleep.

2.Serenade (Серенада) (1875) (in E minorE-flat minor)

  • The figure of Death waits outside the window of a dying woman, in the manner of a wooing lover.

3.Trepak (Трепак) (1875) (in D minor)

  • A drunken peasant stumbles outside into the snow and becomes caught in a blizzard. The figure of Death invites him to dance a folk-dance called the Trepak. As he freezes to death, he dreams of summer fields.

4.The Field Marshal (Полководец) (1877) (in E-flat minorD minor)

  • The figure of Death is depicted as an officer commanding the dead troops of both armies after a dreadful battle. As the dead troops parade before him, he asserts his enduring remembrance of them all.

Original libretto as well as Cyrillic option, and English/French translation found here

Recordings[edit]

The Songs and Dances of Death have been recorded by numerous vocalists, including Vladimir Rosing, George London,[1] Ferruccio Furlanetto,[2] Nicolai Ghiaurov, Boris Christoff,[3] Kim Borg,[4] Martti Talvela (twice: once with piano accompaniment[5] and once with full orchestra[6]), Matti Salminen,[7] Anatoly Kotcherga,[8] Paata Burchuladze, Aage Haugland,[9] Galina Vishnevskaya, Brigitte Fassbaender, Anja Silja and Yevgeny Nesterenko.[10]

Versions by other hands[edit]

The songs were first orchestrated by Glazunov (Nos. 1 and 3) and Rimsky-Korsakov (Nos. 2 and 4) shortly after Mussorgsky's death. They were published in 1882. Mussorgsky had intended to orchestrate the cycle himself but never realised the ambition. In the Glazunov/Rimsky-Korsakov orchestration, 'Trepak' is first.

Shostakovich orchestrated the whole cycle for the dedicatee, soprano Galina Vishnevskaya. Seven years later, noting that he wanted to continue Mussorgsky's "too short" set of songs, he wrote his Fourteenth Symphony for soprano, bass and chamber orchestra, adding to the musical gallery of death's appearances.[11] The Shostakovich orchestration had a substantial influence on many of his later works, and has since been adapted for bass and baritone voices.

References[edit]

  1. ^ George London in Concert, VAI Audio VAIA 1030.
  2. ^ Rachmaninoff Mussorgsky Songs Ferruccio Furlanetto, Igor Tchetuev. Prestige Classics Vienna.
  3. ^ Moussorgsky Integrale des Melodies. EMI, CHS 7 63025 2.
  4. ^ The Art of Kim Borg: Mussorgsky Songs and Dances of Death. Arlecchino.
  5. ^ Martti Talvela Lied Album, Decca 430 070-2
  6. ^ Modest Mussorgsky Pictures at an Exhibition, Night on Bare Mountain, Songs and Dances of Death, BIS CD-325 Stereo
  7. ^ Aho: Symphony Number 3, Mussorgsky: Songs and Dances of Death BIS CD 1186 DIGITAL
  8. ^ Berliner Philharmoniker Claudio Abbado Sony Catalog number SK 66 276.
  9. ^ Mussorgsky Complete Songs. CHANDOS DIGITAL, CHAN 9336-8.
  10. ^ Mussorgsky: Songs and Dances of Death. MELODIYA. MEL 46131-2.
  11. ^ Volkov, Solomon, St. Petersburg: A Cultural History (New York: The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1995), 106.