Songshan District, Taipei
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
|• Total||9.2878 km2 (3.5860 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 9th of 12|
|• Rank||Ranked 8th of 12|
|• Density||23,000/km2 (59,000/sq mi)|
|Songshan District, Taipei|
|Siah-kháu (old name)|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2010)|
Songshan was originally named Malysyakkaw, a lowland Ketagalan word meaning "Where the river twists". Written in Chinese characters as 麻里錫口社, this was abbreviated to just 錫口 (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Siah-kháu) in 1815 during Qing rule.
During Japanese rule (1895-1945) the area served as a prime tea-growing area in northern Taiwan. In 1920 the area's settlements were established as Matsuyama Village (松山庄). The village was named after Matsuyama City (松山市) in Japan and formed part of Shichisei District (七星郡), Taihoku Prefecture. Matsuyama was incorporated into Taihoku City (Taipei) in 1938.
At the outset of one-party rule by the Kuomintang (1945-1990) the Mandarin Chinese reading of the kanji characters 松山 (i.e. Sung-shan) was adopted as the name of the district which in 1946 officially comprised 26 municipal villages (里). In 1949 the area's tea estates gave way to military housing for lower-income Kuomintang refugee families. The bodies of many residents and political victims from Taiwan's martial law period are buried in hillside cemeteries that now overlook the Taipei 101 shopping district. By 1980 Songshan was the most populous area of the city.
In 1990, as Taiwan began its era of modern multiparty democracy, the southern half of Songshan District became Xinyi District while the northern half retained its original name. The boundary of this smaller Songshan District was altered in May 1994 when the Keelung River was artificially moved slightly to the south.
Songshan is divided into four regions (地區), or secondary district (次分區), which in turn are divided into 34 municipal villages. They following placenames are romanized in Hanyu Pinyin:
- Sanmin Region (三民地區): northeast
- Libie (里別)
- Zhuangjin (莊敬)
- Fujin (富錦)
- Dongrong (東榮)
- Sanmin (三民)
- Jieshou (介壽): literally means "Longevity to Chiang Kai-shek"
- Xinyi (新益)
- Xindong (新東)
- Futai (富泰)
- Dongshe Region (東社地區): northwest and central (largest region)
- Jinzhong (精忠)
- Dongguang (東光)
- Longtian (龍田)
- Dongchang (東昌)
- Dongshi (東勢)
- Zhonghua (中華)
- Minyou (民有)
- Minfu (民福)
- Songji (松基)
- Benzheng Region (本鎮地區): southeast
- Ciyou (慈祐)
- Anping (安平)
- Pengcheng (鵬程)
- Ziqiang (自強)
- Jixiang (吉祥)
- Xinju (新聚)
- Fusheng (復盛)
- Zhonglun Region (中崙地區): southwest
- Zhongzheng (中正)
- Zhonglun (中崙)
- Meiren (美仁)
- Jiren (吉仁)
- Dunhua (敦化)
- Fuyuan (復源)
- Fujian (復建)
- Fushi (復勢)
- Fucheng (福成)
The airport is located in Dongshe Region, mostly in Jinzhong Village.
Government and infrastructure
- Ciyou Temple (慈祐宮 "Protected by the Kindness"), built in 1753, is dedicated to a dark-faced goddess Matsu.
- Xiahai City Lord Temple (霞海城隍廟) was built in 1753.
- Taipei City Lord Temple (台北府城隍廟) was built in 1926.
- Raohe Street Night Market, organized in 1987, contains over 160 booths.
- Taipei Arena is a modern facility that hosts events ranging from sports to concerts.
- Taiwan Land Reform Museum
- Aurora Art Museum
- Breeze Center
- Taipei Cultural Center
- Yingfeng Riverside Park
- Guanshan Riverside Park
- Sanmin Park
- Xinzhong Park
District Boundaries and Transportation
Fuxing North Road (復興北路) runs along the western boundary of the district. The other major north-south road is Dunhua Road (敦化北路). Several major east-west arteries include Minquan East Road (民權東路), Sec. 3-5; Minsheng East Road (民生東路), Sec. 3-5; Nanjing East Road (南京東路), Sec. 3-5; and Bade Road (八德路), Sec. 2-4.
Mandarin Airlines has its headquarters in Songshan District. Daily Air and Far Eastern Air Transport also have their headquarters in Songshan. China Airlines maintains the Taipei Branch Office (Chinese: 台北分公司 Táiběi Fēngōngsī) in Songshan.
China Airlines formerly had its headquarters in the location of the Taipei Branch Office. Its headquarters moved to a new location, CAL Park at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. After the headquarters move, China Airlines will allow tenants to rent space in its former headquarters. As a result of the headquarters move, China Airlines will develop part of the training center at Taipei Songshan Airport into a business aviation center.
- University of Taipei
- National Open University — Taipei Learning Center (空中大學 台北指導中心)
- Sungshan Community College (松山社區大學): located within Zhonglun Senior High School (中崙高中), in Jixiang Village 
- Yu Da High School of Commerce and Home Economics (私立育達高級商業家事職業學校, short 育達商職): private, in Meiren Village 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Songshan District, Taipei.|
- "Interim Flight Safety Bulletin Reference No.: ASC-IFSB-03-03-002" (Archive). Aviation Safety Council. Retrieved on March 8, 2014. "Aviation Safety Council 16F, 99 Fu-shing North Road, Taipei 105, Taiwan Republic of China"
- Home page (Archive). Aviation Safety Council. August 2, 2002. Retrieved on March 8, 2014. "地址：台北市復興北路九十九號十六樓"
- "Contact Us." Mandarin Airlines. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "台北總公司: 105台北市民生東路三段134號13樓."
- "德安航空股份有限公司一般租機合約書." (Archive) Daily Air. Retrieved on January 5, 2012. "地址：台北市敦化北路340號之10"
- Home page. Far Eastern Air Transport. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "地址：台北市敦化北路405巷123弄5號 " - Map (Archive)
- "臺灣地區." China Airlines. Retrieved 2010-04-24
- "Branch Offices Taiwan Area." China Airlines. Retrieved 2010-04-24. "No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Taipei City 104, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"
- "Investor Relations." China Airlines. Retrieved 2009-05-20. "Address: No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Taipei City 104, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"
- "Cargo." Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Retrieved 2010-03-15. "Address: 12F., No.131, Sec. 3, Nanjing E. Rd., Songshan District, Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.)."
- Staff. "CAL to inaugurate new HQ near Taoyuan airport." The China Post. Thursday September 10, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Staff. "Plans for faster service at Songshan Airport: CAA." The China Post. July 5, 2009. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
- "台北市行政地圖松山區." Taipei City Education Portal Site, Department of Education, Taipei City. Updated 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- Songshan District Office , Taipei City
- Map of the Songshan District from Taiwan's Ministry of the Interior(Chinese (Taiwan))