Sonic Drive-In

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For the Sega video game character and series, see Sonic the Hedgehog (series).
Sonic Corp.
Type Public
Traded as NASDAQSONC
Industry Restaurants
Founded Shawnee, Oklahoma (1953)
Founders Troy Smith
Headquarters Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Number of locations 3,561
Key people J. Clifford Hudson, Chairman and CEO
W. Scott McLain, president Sonic Industries (Resigned from his current post, effective 3/31/13)(franchising subsidiary)
Omar Janjua, president Sonic Restaurants, Inc.
Stephen C. Vaughan, CFO
Products Fast food
Revenue $545.9 million US$(2011)[1]
Operating income US$84.2 million (2011)[1]
Net income US$19.2 million (2011)[1]
Employees 321 corporate employees[1]
Website SonicDriveIn.com

Sonic Corp. is an American drive-in fast-food restaurant chain based in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. As of August 31, 2011, there were 3,561 restaurants in 43 U.S. states, serving approximately 3 million customers per day.[2][3] In 2011, it was ranked 10th in QSR Magazine’s rankings of the top 50 quick-service and fast-casual restaurant brands in the nation.[4] Known for its use of carhops on roller skates, the company annually hosts a competition to determine the top skating carhop in its system.[5] It also hosts, with Dr Pepper, an internal competition between drive-in employees.[6] The company's slogan is “America’s Drive-In.”[7]

Company profile[edit]

Although Sonic has operated since the early 1950s, Sonic Corp. incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1990. It has its corporate headquarters in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; the headquarters building features a dine-in Sonic restaurant in an adjacent building. Its stock trades on NASDAQ with the symbol SONC.[8] Company restaurants are owned and operated by Sonic Restaurants, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary. Total 2011 revenues were approximately $546 million with net income of $19 million.[9].

Menu items and venue[edit]

Jr. Deluxe Burger from Sonic Drive-In.
The Jr. Deluxe Burger, a value menu item.

Sonic's menu consists of some classic fast food items, such as hamburgers, and french fries as well as other "carnival-like" fare such as onion rings, corndogs, and chilli hotdogs. Other items that are special to Sonic's menu include Breakfast Toaster sandwiches (made with Texas toast instead of the typical bun) and Cheddar Peppers. Drink options include soft drinks, slushes and milkshake. Customers can combine various drinks and flavors to create thousands of possible drink combinations.[10][11] Ice cream desserts include sundaes and banana splits. Sometimes they have corndogs for 50 cents. The company publishes nutritional information on its products on its corporate website.[12]

A Sonic Drive-in at night in 2007.

At a standard Sonic Drive-In, a customer drives into a covered drive-in stall, orders through an intercom speaker system, and has the food delivered by a carhop. Most drive-ins also have patio seating, and many have drive-thru lanes.

History[edit]

1950s[edit]

Following World War II, Sonic founder Troy N. Smith Sr. returned to his hometown of Seminole, Oklahoma, where he became employed as a milkman. He decided to work delivering bread because bread was not as heavy as milk. Soon afterwards, Smith purchased the Cottage Cafe, a little diner in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Before long he sold it and opened a fast food restaurant, Troy's Pan Full of Chicken, on the edge of town. In 1953, Smith went in with a business partner to purchase a five-acre parcel of land that had a log house and a walk-up root beer stand, already named the Top Hat. The two men continued with the operation of the root beer stand and converted the log house into a steak restaurant. After realizing that the stand was averaging $700 a week in the sale of root beer, hamburgers and hot dogs, Smith decided to focus on the more-profitable root beer stand. He also bought out his business partner.[13]

Originally, Top Hat customers would park their automobiles anywhere on the gravel parking lot and walk up to place their orders. However, on a trip to Louisiana, Smith saw a drive-in that used speakers for ordering. He suspected that he could increase his sales by controlling the parking and having the customers order from speakers at their cars, with carhops delivering the food to the cars. Smith borrowed several automobiles from a friend who owned a used-car lot to establish a layout for controlled parking. He also had some so-called "jukebox boys" come in and wire an intercom system in the parking lot. Sales immediately tripled. Charles Woodrow Pappe, an entrepreneur, chanced upon the Shawnee drive-in and was impressed. He and Smith negotiated the first franchise location in Woodward, Oklahoma, in 1956, based on nothing more than a handshake. By 1958, two more drive-ins were built, in Enid and Stillwater.[13]

Sonic Drive-In neon sign at the Oklahoma History Center.

Upon learning that the Top Hat name was already trademarked, Smith and Pappe changed the name to Sonic in 1959. The new name worked with their existing slogan, "Service with the Speed of Sound". After the name change, the first Sonic sign was installed at the Stillwater Top-Hat Drive-In; the original sign still can be seen there. Although Smith and Pappe were being asked to help open new franchise locations, there was no real royalty plan in place. The pair decided to have their paper company charge an extra penny for each Sonic-label hamburger bag it sold. The proceeds would then be split between Smith and Pappe. The first franchise contracts under this plan were drawn up, but there was still no joint marketing plan, standardized menu, or detailed operating requirements.[13]

1960s and 1970s[edit]

An old Sonic Drive-In menu at the Oklahoma History Center in Oklahoma City.

Sonic's founders formed Sonic Supply as a supply and distribution division in the 1960s. Under Smith, longtime franchise holders Marvin Jirous and Matt Kinslow were hired to run the division. In 1973, Sonic Supply was restructured as a franchise company that was briefly named Sonic Systems of America, which provided franchisees with equipment, building plans, and basic operational instructions. As the company grew into a regionally known operation during the 1960s and 1970s, the drive-ins were located mainly in small towns in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, New Mexico, Missouri and Arkansas. In 1967, the year Pappe died, there were 41 drive-in locations. By 1972, this number had risen to 165, and by 1978, 1,000.

In 1968, Sonic introduced the Pickle-O's, fried pickle slices.[14]

In 1977, the company established the Sonic School for manager training. Franchisees operated most of the drive-ins and often made the store manager a business partner, even to this day.[15][16]

1980s and 1990s[edit]

Sonic's Bricktown headquarters in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (2007).

In 1983, the company's board of directors saw the need for change.[clarification needed] C. Stephen Lynn was hired as president, and, in 1984, Lynn hired J. Clifford Hudson, an attorney, to head the legal department. Under Lynn, Sonic and its major franchisees began to encourage the development of local-advertising cooperatives, and developed a field structure to work with the franchisees. New franchises began to expand the company into new areas and redevelop markets that had been unsuccessful in the past. These developments, combined with a major advertising campaign featuring singer and actor Frankie Avalon, led to significant growth and a new image that would make Sonic a nationally recognized name. In 1986, Lynn, with a group of investors, completed a $10-million leveraged buyout and took the company private. The next year, Sonic moved its offices to leased space at 120 Robert S. Kerr Avenue in downtown Oklahoma City and began to assume a higher profile in the community.[17]

In 1991, Sonic became a publicly traded company again. By 1994, the corporation had renegotiated the franchise agreements with its franchisees.[18] In 1995, Hudson became president and chief executive officer, and Sonic Industries became Sonic Corp.[19]

During the mid-1990s, Sonic opened 100–150 new restaurants a year. Beginning in 1998, Sonic began a retrofit program, called "Sonic 2000", to redesign and update all 1,750 stores in its chain to what was called a "retro-future" look.[16]

2000s[edit]

Hudson was named chairman of Sonic Corp. in January 2000.[19]

Celebrating its 50th birthday in 2003, Sonic briefly added the Birthday Cake Shake to the menu.[20][21][22] As a part of the anniversary celebration, Pickle-O's returned for a limited time (but still pop up from time to time).[14] Development milestones celebrated in the 2000s include the opening of the 3,000th Sonic Drive-In in Shawnee, Oklahoma, and the 3,500th Sonic Drive-In in the Chicago market (Algonquin, Illinois).[23] In October, 2004, President Pattye Moore stepped down to spend more time with her family.[24] On June 28, 2005, helped by new menu items and increased advertising exposure, Sonic Corp. reported double-digit increases in net income and revenue in the third quarter that year.[25] On January 5, 2005, the company started to roll out card readers in the drive in stalls at its 544 company owned restaurants by the end of January that year.[26] In 2007, the company opened its first restaurants in the Northeastern U.S., in New Jersey.[27]

In 2009, Sonic partnered with DonorsChoose.org on a collaborative effort, Limeades for Learning, the chain's first systemwide cause marketing initiative. Public school teachers request needed supplies and materials and Sonic customers vote on how to allocate more than half a million dollars each fall. In the first three years of the program, Sonic and its franchisees have donated more than $2 million and impacted learning for more than 111,000 students nationwide.[28]

In September 2009, Omar Janjua joined the company as president of its restaurant operating subsidiary, Sonic Restaurants, Inc. ("SRI")[29][30] and more recently was appointed as executive vice president of operations for Sonic Industries.

2010s[edit]

In January, 2010 Sonic announced that they will begin switching to cage-free eggs, gestation-crate-free pork, and chickens killed using controlled-atmosphere killing methods instead of traditional shackling and water-stunning.[31]

Despite growth into new markets outside the brand's traditional footprint, the company was hit hard by the recession of 2008–2009. In 2009, the brand saw multiple quarters of declines in same-store sales for the first time in recent memory.[clarification needed] Alaska has yet to have a Sonic location, but attempts to acquire one have been made in the past.[32]

Sonic reformulated its popular soft-serve ice cream to meet the FDA guidelines that define what constitutes real ice cream and introduced Real Ice Cream on May 17, 2010.[33][34] Several new hot dog items were also introduced in June 2010 and February 2011.[35][36][37][38]

Craig Miller was hired as chief information officer for Sonic in January 2010.[39][40][41] In June 2010, Danielle Vona was hired as chief marketing officer.[42]

In late 2010, Sonic announced it was ending its 17-year relationship with advertising agency Barkley. A group of specialized agencies were selected to represent the company and in early 2011, the San Francisco-based Goodby Silverstein & Partners was named as the new creative agency for the company.[43][44]

Sonic Beach[edit]

Sonic Beach logo

In June 2011, the first location under the name Sonic Beach was opened in Homestead, Florida. A second location, opened in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, in November 2011, lacks the usual drive-in stalls due to its beach-side location. Both locations also include outdoor seating and flatscreen televisions.[45] A third location was opened in Miami Gardens across from SunLife Stadium. The fourth location was opened January 2014 in Lauderhill.[46]

Along with the traditional menu items, Sonic Beach also offers several new items including popcorn shrimp, Philly cheesesteaks, and pulled pork sandwiches. Sonic Beach also serves beer and wine.[47]

Advertising[edit]

Sonic ran its first television advertisement in 1977.[48] During the early 1980s, actor Tom Bosley was featured in the company's commercials.[49] One of the company's most memorable advertising campaigns, which ran from 1987 to 1993, featured Frankie Avalon.[50] In May 1999, the company began a new campaign featuring the character Katie the Carhop.[51]

Sonic was also involved with NASCAR. The company contracted with Richard Childress Racing in late 2000 to be an associate sponsor for Dale Earnhardt, Sr. during the 2001 NASCAR Winston Cup Series season. After Earnhardt was killed on the last lap of the Daytona 500, the company continued its sponsorship with his replacement driver Kevin Harvick, through the end of the 2003 season.[52]

In 2004, the company became more widely known nationally by advertising in television markets hundreds of miles from its nearest franchise.[13] Improvisational actors T. J. Jagodowski and Peter Grosz have become known to American television viewers from their "Two Guys" series of commercials. Similar series of ads for the company have featured other duos of improvisational performers, including Molly Erdman and Brian Huskey, Katie Rich and Sayjal Joshi, and Emily Wilson and Tim Baltz.[53] In 2010, national auditions were held and a new series of commercials began airing, some of which featured carhops from Wisconsin and Austin, Texas.

Slogans used by Sonic over the years include:

  • "Service With the Speed of Sound" (1958)[13]
  • "Happy Eating" (1980s: on signs at many of the company's drive-ins)
  • “America’s Drive-In” (1987)[13]
  • "Faster And Better than Ever" (1988-1990)
  • "No Place Hops like Sonic" (1990-1993)
  • "Summer’s Funner" (1993)[54]
  • "Drive-In For A Change" (1995-1997)
  • “It's Sonic Good” (2003)[13]
  • "Sonic’s Got It, Others Don’t" (2007)[55]
  • "Even Sweeter After Dark" (2009)[56]
  • "This is How You Sonic" (2011)[57]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "2011 Annual Report to Stockholders". Sonic corp. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Business". Form 10-K Annual Report. Sonic Drive-In. 28 October 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Phelps, Jonathan (2009-09-09). "Sonic Barrier Broken — 1950s-Style Drive-In Food Chain, Long Awaited by Its Fans, Arrives in Mass. with a Boom, and Traffic Jams Follow". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  4. ^ Sam Oches (August 2011). "Top 50 Unit Breakdown Sorted by 2010 Total Units". QSR. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Conor Shine (September 13, 2011). "Sonic carhops skating for the big prize". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ "2012 Dr. Pepper Sonic Games". Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ Dan Telvock (June 30, 2012). "Will Fredericksburg's Sonic Be the Best in the Nation?". Fredericksburg Patch. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "SONC Filings Information". Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  9. ^ JAVIER C. HERNANDEZ (November 2, 2009). "Troy Smith, Founder of Sonic, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Sonic Menu". FastFoodSource.com. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  11. ^ Bialik, Carl (2007-11-27). "Counting the Drink Combos at a Sonic Drive-In". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  12. ^ "Sonic® Drive-In Menu Nutrition Guide". Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Blackburn, Bob L. (2009). Sonic: The History of America's Drive-in. Oklahoma City, Okla: Cottonwood Publications. ISBN 978-9720244024. 
  14. ^ a b Velasco, Schuyler (August 21, 2013). "10 fast foods that have disappeared: 8. Pickle-O's". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Company History: Sonic Corp.". Hoover's Company Profiles. Answers.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "A Brand New Look in 1998". Sonic Corp. — Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Sonic Corp. NetIndustries, LLC. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  17. ^ "Sonic Corp.". Funding Universe. Retrieved February 29, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Public Again in 1991". Sonic Corp. — Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Sonic Corp. NetIndustries, LLC. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  19. ^ a b Executive Team Member Profile: J. Clifford Hudson. Official Sonic Web Site, America's Drive-in Brand Properties LLC.
  20. ^ "Sonic celebrates 50 years with new birthday cake shake: Around Town". The Journal Record. May 5, 2003. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Sonic Drive-In shakes things up for its 50 th Birthday in May" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  22. ^ "Sonic grand opening is a wiener". Chatham Journal. August 23, 2005. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
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  25. ^ "Sonic Corp. sees rise in revenu". 
  26. ^ "Sonic makes it easier for card-carrying customers". 
  27. ^ "Sonic, The Fast Food Drive-In Chain, Is Taking Over New Jersey". njmonthly.com. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  28. ^ "Limeades for Learning". Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Sonic Appoints New President Of Sonic Restaurants, Inc. And Announces Other Management Change". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  30. ^ Ron Ruggless (September 7, 2009). "Sonic names Omar Janjua chain president". Restaurant News. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  31. ^ {http://www.humanesociety.org/news/press_releases/2010/01/sonic_011510.html] Humane Society, 15 January 2010
  32. ^ Staff writer (2009-09-18). "Sonic Declares Preliminary Earnings". Zacks Equity Research via Yahoo! Finance. Accessed 2009-10-16.
  33. ^ "Sonic Keeps It Real This Summer with the Introduction of Real Ice Cream". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  34. ^ Jennifer Lawinski (May 17, 2010). "Sonic Promotes 'Real Ice Cream' Launch With Free Shakes". Huffington Post Food. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Sonic Introduces New Footlong Quarter Pound Coney". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  36. ^ "Sonic Reinvents Ballpark Classic, Debuts Four New Premium Beef Hot Dogs". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  37. ^ Christa Hoyland (June 27, 2010). "Sonic rolls out bigger, better Footlong Quarter Pound Coney". QSRweb. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  38. ^ Christi Ravneberg (April 20, 2012). "MenuMasters 2012: Sonic, America's Drive-In". Restaurant News. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Sonic Appoints New Chief Information Officer". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  40. ^ "Executive Bios". Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  41. ^ Ron Ruggless (February 3, 2012). "Sonic names James O’Reilly CMO". Restaurant News. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Sonic Appoints New Chief Marketing Officer". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  43. ^ "Goodby Silverstein & Partners Named as New Creative Agency of Record Sonic Rounds out Marketing Partners Portfolio". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  44. ^ Maureen Morrison (February 2, 2011). "Sonic Names Goodby Creative Agency of Record". Ad Age. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Ft. Lauderdale Beach Location". Sonic Beach. 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  46. ^ "Sonic Beach Florida Restaurants". Sonic Beach. 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-10. 
  47. ^ "About Sonic Beach". Sonic Beach. 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  48. ^ "Chronology". Sonic Corp. — Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Sonic Corp. NetIndustries, LLC. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  49. ^ Perlik, Allison (2004-07-01). "The 400 at 40 — A Retrospective". Restaurants & Institutions. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  50. ^ "A Brand New Look in 1998". Sonic Corp. — Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Sonic Corp. NetIndustries, LLC. 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  51. ^ Arellano, Kristi (1999-07-02). "The Sonic Boom — Chain of Drive-Ins Making Big Comeback". Denver Business Journal. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  52. ^ Richard Alm (April 13, 2002). [Article page "Sponsors driving NASCAR success / Racing stars work hard with companies that pay the freight"]. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  53. ^ Bob Garfield (July 16, 2007). "Sonic Has Great Actors in Great Ads". Ad Age. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  54. ^ "LaFayette Sonic taking part in summer jubilee". Walker County Messenger. June 15, 1993. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  55. ^ Gene Owens (December 6, 2007). "Adverb or adjective? Sometimes a close call". The Oklahoman. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 
  56. ^ Jeff Martin (June 12, 2009). "Lights, action, limeade". Examiner. 
  57. ^ Abe Sauer (May 24, 2011). "Sonic Launches 'This Is How You Facebook Connect' Crowdsourcer". Brandchannel. Retrieved May 29, 2012. 

External links[edit]