Sonqor

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For the administrative subdivision, see Sonqor County. For other places, see Sonqor (disambiguation).
Sonqor
سنقر
city
Sonqor is located in Iran
Sonqor
Sonqor
Coordinates: 34°47′01″N 47°36′01″E / 34.78361°N 47.60028°E / 34.78361; 47.60028Coordinates: 34°47′01″N 47°36′01″E / 34.78361°N 47.60028°E / 34.78361; 47.60028
Country  Iran
Province Kermanshah
County Sonqor
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 43,184
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Sonqor (Persian: سنقر‎; also known as Sanghūr and Sūnqūr)[1] is the capital city of Sonqor County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 43,184, comprising 11,377 families.[2]

Situation and History[edit]

The town contains the Ilkhanate Malek Tomb.

The people in Songhor are of Kurdish and Azerbaijanis origin, speaking both Kurdish and Azerbaijani. The surrounding townships and villages of Koliai (kulliye) are Kurd and speak Kurdish dialect of Kurmanji mixed with Kalhore.

The most prominent historical figures of this region are from the Bigvand (Beghvand) dynasty of Koliai (Kulliye). Family members or Ashair of Bigvand Kulliye, such as Amiri-Bigvand, Amjadi-Bigvand, Farhang-Bigvand and Qubadi-Bigvand, played an important political and religious role from a time expanding from Safavid AKA Safavi [1] era to mid-20th century. The most famous among these are Hasan Pasah Khan aka; Amir Toman buried in Najaf's Imam Ali Mosque. He is the father of Sardar Asharf. Sardar Ashraf Amiri-Bigvand (Beghvand) Kulliye buried in Karbala's Masjid Al-Husayn, Housain Quli Khan aka; Amir-Amjad Bigvand, Nadali Kahn aka; Salar Amjad who were the brave rulers (Amir/Hakem/Begh/beygs) of this region in early 20th century. They are directly descended from the Safavi's dynasty.

"Abbas II 1642–1666 From his descendants come the noble dynasty of Bigvand Kulyai(Beghvan Külliye) Kurdistan region of Iran Songhor-Koliai (kulliye). They survived execution attempts during Shah Abbas, escaping from captivity to the region named Kulliye after them." (See Safavid dynasty#Safavid Shahs of Iran)

Sheikh Safi-ad-din Is'haq Ardabili (of Ardabil) (1252–1334) (Persian: شیخ صفی‌الدین اردبیلی)

It was Safavids who made Iran the spiritual bastion of Shi’ism against the onslaughts of orthodox Sunni Islam, and the repository of Persian cultural traditions and self-awareness of Iranianhood. (See Persianate society)

Kulliye [The]: From the Arabic kull (the whole), it was used in Ottoman times to designate the religious, social, and charitable complexes. Kulliyes were built by sultans, their wives, and their high officials. A great kulliye normally comprises a congregational mosque, one or more madrasas, a soup kitchen (imaret), a hospital (dar al-shifa), a school for kids (mektab), a bath, fountains, and possibly the mausoleum of the founder and his family.[2]

—Mohammad Ali Soltani "Historical Geography & Comprehensive History Of Kermanshahan", 1993-Tehran

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sonqor can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3086129" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.