Sons and Daughters (Australian TV series)

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Sons and Daughters
Sons and daughters au-show.jpg
Genre Soap Opera
Created by Reg Watson
Directed by Alister Smart
Russell Webb
Peter Andrikidis
Julian McSwiney
Mark Piper
Graeme Hodgson
Starring (see main cast list and character family tree below)
Country of origin Australia
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 6
No. of episodes 972
Production
Location(s) Sydney, New South Wales
Running time 25 minutes
Production company(s) Reg Grundy Organisation
Distributor FremantleMedia
Broadcast
Original channel Seven Network
Picture format 4.3 PAL
Audio format Stereo
Original run 18 January 1982 (1982-01-18) – 19 August 1987 (1987-08-19)

Sons and Daughters is a Logie Award winning Australian soap opera created by Reg Watson and produced by the Reg Grundy Organisation between 1981 and 1987. The first episode aired on Monday, 18 January 1982, during the Christmas/New Year non-ratings period in both Sydney and Melbourne, and the official broadcast date of the final episode was 19 August 1987, although this varied across Australia and the final episode was screened in Melbourne on Sunday 27 December 1987 (again in the non-ratings period). There are 972 half-hour episodes, but during the series' original run in Australia, later episodes were shown in an hour-long format. The first pilot episode was shown in Australia and some UK ITV regions as a 90-minute special, although subsequent screenings have seen that episode split into three half-hours. The program has been broadcast internationally, and has been particularly popular in the United Kingdom and Belgium.

Overview[edit]

Season 1[edit]

The initial premise for the show was a Romeo and Juliet style romance storyline which revolved around two families, the wealthy Hamilton family who live in Sydney, and the Palmers, a working-class family from Melbourne. The characters John Palmer (Peter Phelps) and spoilt rich girl Angela Hamilton (Ally Fowler) meet by chance whilst John is on the run from the police for a murder he did not commit. The two fall in love, not realising that they are actually twins, separated at birth 20 years earlier. Early episodes saw the pair discover the truth about their relationship and showed the problems and strains this put on their own relationship and those of their immediate families. While on the run John is protected in Sydney by Fiona Thompson (Pat McDonald), a former madame and prostitute and now boarding house owner who had raised John when he was a young boy. With a new identity and now going by the name of Scott Edwards, John attempts to build a new life with Fiona's help and that of her friend Jill Taylor (Kim Lewis). For the Palmers, life was going from bad to worse, as newly-wed Susan receives the shock revelation that husband Bill Todd was responsible for the murder her brother had been arrested for, and young lovers Kevin Palmer (Stephen Comey) and Lynn Hardy (Antonia Murphy) find their lives turned upside down when she becomes pregnant, despite their families' best efforts to keep them apart. Father and son David and John Palmer's relationship continues to deteriorate, and when David (Tom Richards) and Patricia (Rowena Wallace) meet up again after 20 years, old passions resurface leaving Beryl (Leila Hayes) fighting to save her marriage. For the Hamiltons, financial issues are the least of their worries, as Wayne Hamilton (Ian Rawlings) is involved in a near fatal car crash after his father, Gordon (the late Brian Blain), kicks him out of their Dural home upon discovering he planned to buy and demolish the family's country residence at Woombai, and Patricia announces to Gordon that their marriage is over. The character of Patricia rapidly develops into the main focus of the show, with numerous storylines revolving around her, hence the introduction of her best friend and confidante Charlie Bartlett (Sarah Kemp) and Patricia's rise to power as a major shareholder in Ramberg Industries following the death of her ex-lover James Sheppard. Gordon finds he has a fight on his hands to save Woombai, even going up against old friend Fiona, and Jill ends her relationship with Wayne as he becomes increasingly unpleasant and controlling following his accident. Jill becomes closer to John following her split with Wayne. The Hamiltons' and Palmers' lives become further entangled as Angela becomes romantically involved with Beryl's brother Rob Keegan (Noel Hodda). Patricia becomes very wealthy following the death of ex-lover James Sheppard and uses her power as a major shareholder in Ramberg Industries to control the lives of those around her.

End of Year cliffhanger - Season 1 (Episode 174): At John and Angela's 21st birthday party at the Palmer house, David tries to stop Patricia from gatecrashing, only to be met with the revelation that she has been lying all this time and David isn't the twins' father after all.

Season 2[edit]

As season 2 kicks off, Patricia is sinking further into depression after she overdoses on sleeping pills and Susan steps in to help take care of her as a live-in nurse, while scheming Wayne tricks Patricia into signing her power of attorney over to him to give him power over his father, Gordon. Shortly after, Susan becomes the first of the main cast to depart the series as she leaves to be closer to her husband Bill's prison. John tracks down his real father Martin Healy, and also manages to find Patricia's sister Margaret. Martin has relationship issues with his other children, and following the accidental death of a neighbour's child in his swimming pool, he blames his son Peter and violently attacks him. Kevin and Lynn hit a rocky patch as Lynn begins a new modelling career, and as arguments spiral out of control Lynn packs her bags and leaves with baby Davey. Gordon's new relationship with Barbara Armstrong is tested after she suffers a brain clot following a fall from her horse, and has life-saving brain surgery. Angela starts an affair with James Sheppard's grandson Paul and falls pregnant, unsure whether Rob or Paul is the father. She later reconciles with Rob, and the pair depart together. Jill becomes involved with Brian O'Donnell after a chance meeting at Woombai, and agrees to marry him so that he can get a visa to stay in the country. When Brian is believed to be dead, Jill agrees to marry Wayne, with whom she has once again grown close. However, Jill is raped by Terry Hansen and ends up pregnant with his child. It is later revealed that Terry is Fiona's long-lost son whom she had believed dead. Fiona is shattered when her boarding house in Manly burns down, almost killing Jill in the inferno. Patricia marries Barbara's brother Stephen Morrell and has to deal with both his spoilt daughter Amanda and his scheming mother Dee. Stephen tracks down the young man he believes to be his long-lost son, Andy Green.

End of season cliffhanger (Episode 352): David and Beryl are held at gunpoint at Woombai by escaped criminal Joe Parker. The episode ends with five shots ringing out and a scream with no indication of who has been shot. Patricia and Margaret come face to face for the first time since Margaret was released from prison and Patricia tells Barbara that her best friend Helen Green is Andy's mother. Fiona rushes to a clinic to stop Jill having an abortion.

Season 3[edit]

As season 3 starts, Patricia's marriage to Stephen unravels and she seeks comfort in the arms of psychiatrist Matt Kennedy while continuing her bitter feud with sister Margaret, which climaxes in the siblings being trapped in a bush fire at Woombai. When Patricia is injured after falling from her horse she finds her life in Margaret's hands. While John, Tony, Stephen, Doug and Rosie depart the series early on, the O'Brien family, Roger Carlyle, Luke Carlyle, Irene Fisher, Todd Fisher and Karen Fox arrive. Charlie Bartlett becomes more of a series regular, while Angela Keegan and Paul Sheppard make cameo appearances during this series. Jill gives birth to daughter Fee and makes peace with Terry before getting involved with Luke Carlyle. Andy becomes entangled in a religious cult and Barbara resorts to kidnapping him to save him. Brian O'Donnell's father Sean turns up following his son's death at the hands of the IRA. Having learnt that Jill was pregnant, he assumes that Brian is the child's father and he asks Jill to return to Ireland with him and raise her baby there. Tragedy strikes at the Hamilton house as Andy Green's mother Helen drowns in the swimming pool just as the truth about Andy's parentage is about to be revealed. Robin Elliot is hired by Stephen to control PR for Woombai and Margaret discovers that his wife, Kathleen, is in prison, having taken the blame for a crime he committed. When Kathleen is released, Patricia tells her where Robin is, and she tracks him down. Robin has become involved with Jill but Kathleen wants him back and becomes obsessive. When Kathleen tries to run Jill over she injures Robin instead, who ends up in a coma with his life hanging in the balance. The Palmer family have further problems as David becomes involved with Margaret Dunne, who nurses him following the shooting. This finally ends his marriage to Beryl. David's happiness with Margaret is short-lived however, as a plane crash leaves Margaret fighting for her life. Lynn becomes involved with Andy Green while Kevin is working away, and the two fall in love, leaving Lynn confused and contemplating suicide on the edge of a cliff. Lynn stays with Kevin and moves overseas with Kevin and son Davey. When Patricia offers Luke a job in her new company he uses ruthless business methods and starts embezzling the company's funds. At the same time, he tries to help Jeff recover from alcoholism, but his efforts backfire when Jeff turns up at Luke's apartment one night. He and Luke fight and Jeff ends up accidentally killing Luke. A distraught Roger believes Patricia is the killer and vows to get revenge. Jeff accidentally sets fire to the family home and perishes in the inferno leaving nobody to tell the truth about Luke's death. After Wayne splits from Amanda, he hires Liz Smith from an escort agency to pretend to be his girlfriend so that Gordon will think he's happy and won't worry about him. Liz finds herself falling in love with Gordon, who later tells her that he loves her. However, he also tells her that he still loves Barbara, and that they therefore have to make a clean break, but Barbara has already moved out of the house and becomes romantically involved with Ross Newman. As the series draws to a close Fiona finds love with Barney Adams, a desperate Mitch kidnaps Amanda, and Roger Carlyle ups his efforts in seeking revenge on Patricia.

End of season cliffhanger(Episode 528): A sedated, helpless Patricia lies on a hospital operating table, about to be operated on by murderous surgeon Dr. Ross Newman. Fiona decides what to do about Barney Adams' marriage proposal and Mitch lies on the floor apparently dead following a confrontation with both Karen and Wayne.

Season 4[edit]

Rosie Palmer and Liz Smith make cameo appearances during this series, and Stephen Morrell returns. Newcomers include Leigh Palmer, Tim Palmer, Chris Bainbridge, Brett Keegan, Adam Tate, Jenny Turner, Julie Webb, Spider Webb, Samantha Morrell and Caroline Morrell. Departing characters include Alan Brandon, Karen Fox, Jill O'Donnell, Heather O'Brien, Mike O'Brien and Amanda Morrell. Heather makes a brief return to the series later on. As season 4 opens, Irene foils Ross Newman's plan to kill Patricia during her operation, leading Roger Carlyle to take more drastic action. When a party is arranged at David's country property, the party-goers are left devastated as a bomb planted by Roger's henchmen explodes, leaving Barney Adams dead and Alan Brandon with life-changing injuries. Patricia makes her exit from the show just a few episodes into the series as she gives the police the slip and flees Roger Carlyle and Australia on a fake passport destined to start a new life in Rio. New husband David is left behind to slip into a life of alcohol and depression, while Ross Newman turns his attentions to both Barbara Hamilton and Katy O'Brien Beryl goes into premature labour after falling down an old mine shaft. Shortly after she gives birth to Robert, but the baby is kidnapped by Ross Newman and Gloria Dutton. When Robert is eventually returned and left on the porch of the Palmer house, Leigh Palmer discovers him and promptly decides it would be beneficial for her if Robert stayed missing and she takes him to the children's home and leaves him there. Fiona becomes involved in a bitter battle to have deceased fiance Barney's secret wartime diaries published, running into opposition from Colonel Bainbridge and his son Chris. Devious Karen Fox tricks Wayne into marriage after convincing him that he has killed Mitch. Wayne goes missing shortly after, worried that he will face jail for murder and while he is away a look-a-like imposter arrives and fools everyone into believing he is Wayne. In fact Ian Rawlings plays dual roles as both Wayne Hamilton and Gary Evans. One of the bigger storylines for the season sees a planned redevelopment threaten to destroy Woombai under the direction of the scheming Bill Ashley, who will stop at nothing to ensure he gets what he wants. When Amanda Morrell overhears a conversation that could jeopardise the entire scheme he ensures she goes missing, leaving the Morrell family distraught and Caroline desperate to find her. Caroline begins to get closer to ex-husband Stephen and warns his new love interest Jenny Turner to stay away from him and the two become rivals. The father of Leigh Palmer's baby, Richard Crampton arrives, deciding he wants custody and he hires Neil Duffy to try to buy his son from Leigh. When this fails, Crampton starts terrorising her and hires a hitman, Nick Stafford, to go after Leigh. Crampton ends up dying at Stafford's hands after David has already fired a shot at him. David and Fiona go to Rio in search of Patricia, David having received an amount of money which he believes must have come from her. Following plastic surgery to hide injuries sustained at the hands of a thug who beat her up in Rio de Janeiro, Patricia Palmer returns to Australia under a new identity, that of the mysterious Alison Carr and she begins to start trying to clear Patricia's name for the murder of Luke Carlyle. Mary Reynolds turns up at Woombai, lost and confused and claiming that Patricia is her mother. She explains that her grandmother told her that her mother is Patricia Hamilton. Her grandmother and grandfather are now both dead, having been murdered. Mary claims that she witnessed the murders while hiding underneath her bed. The murderer turns up at Woombai and starts gunning for Mary. An old will belonging to Gordon's father is discovered, declaring his brother James as the rightful owner of Woombai. It isn't long before James arrives to claim what is his.

End of season cliffhanger (Episode 696): David and Beryl look on in horror when the emotionally unbalanced Doris Hudson locks Beryl out of the Palmer house and advances menacingly towards her baby son Robert with a pillow to smother him. Alison and James are involved in a plane crash as they rush to stop Wayne from getting incestuously married to Mary. Caroline is locked in a cupboard by Duncan Phipps after a bungled robbery at Dural and Irene tells Fiona that she has cancer.

Season 5[edit]

For many fans, this season is seen as the start of a sad demise for the series as the focus changed and popular characters such as Barbara Hamilton and Irene Fisher were hastily written out of the series. In Cornelia Frances' 2003 autobiography, she states that it was not her decision to leave the series, but that she had got on the wrong side of a producer and was suddenly axed. Other characters that failed to make it to the end of the season include Leigh Palmer, Tim Palmer, Donna Palmer, Spider Webb, Brett Keegan, Adam Tate, Samantha Morrell, James Hamilton and Mary Reynolds. Consequently there was an influx of poorly-received replacement characters such as Janice Reid, May Walters, Craig Maxwell, Doug Fletcher, Glenn Young, Debbie Halliday, Ginny Doyle and the return of Susan Todd. Samantha Morrell is shocked after running into Bill Ashley and discovering new information regarding her missing sister Amanda, but the search that follows ends with devastating news as they discover Amanda died a few months earlier having being forced into a life of drugs and prostitution by Bill. Leigh Palmer departs the series early on after committing suicide outside the court where she is facing sentencing for kidnapping baby Robert. Fiona meets her bossy niece Janice, who arrives just as Fiona is undergoing an operation to remove her kidney and together they launch a campaign to save an old mansion house that Fiona once lived in with old friend May Walters. When Caroline and Alison start arguing as Alison is driving a car crash with Barbara and Gordon follows leaving Barbara with serious facial scars and Gordon with amnesia and believing he is still married to Patricia. Alison uses the situation to her advantage to get Barbara out of Gordon's life for good and Caroline finds herself serving time in prison. Craig Maxwell turns up in Sydney, looking for his mother, Ruby Hawkins, who gave him up when he was a baby, and who happens to be the exact double of Beryl Palmer. Initial misunderstandings are resolved and Craig accepts that Beryl isn't Ruby. Beryl subsequently helps Craig track Ruby down. At this point Leila Hayes plays both the roles of Beryl and Ruby. Ned Parker and Micky Pratt hold Janice, May, Gordon and Neville hostage at the mansion, following Ned's escape from jail. Micky is killed when she walks out into the road without spotting a car heading towards her. As the siege comes to an end, Patricia Palmer's fingerprints are discovered on a gun that was used and Alison's secret identity is finally revealed. Alison finds a little boy named Tick McCarthy at Fiona's boarding house, and passes him off as Wayne's son. Wayne is told that Tick is his son from a fling with Moya Brinkley, a girl that he had known as a teenager. He and Tick take to each other, and Wayne is angered when Alison tries to stop him from enjoying his son, due to the fact that she had said that he had driven Caroline insane because of Doug Fletcher. A birth certificate shows that Wayne is indeed the father. Susan gets upset about Tick being around, but Wayne makes certain that his son is included in his life.

End of season cliffhanger(Episode 868): Alison is locked in the study at Dural with a venomous snake when she breaks into the safe. A sailing trip on a yacht ends in danger when both Glen and Tick are wounded, and Wayne, swimming for help, is pursued by a shark. Craig is knocked out by a horse and Caroline finds out that Doug is already married.

Season 6[edit]

Departing characters include David Palmer, Ginny Doyle, Tick McCarthy and Glen Young. New additions to the cast include Nick Benson, Pamela Hudson, Greg Hudson and Sarah Hudson. Caroline is shocked to discover that Susan is alive and well despite being presumed dead and she is in hiding from Wayne. When an upset Wayne gets drunk and then jumps in his car and drives off, Glen and Ginny go after him and a high-speed chase follows which leads to both Glen's and Ginny's tragic deaths. Wayne manages to turn everyone against him and when he is shot there are no shortage of suspects but it is innocent Beryl who finds herself behind bars for the shooting. While in prison Beryl meets Pamela, a lady who is the spitting image of Patricia. It is soon discovered that Pamela and Patricia are twins, separated at birth. While Patricia lived the good life, Pamela had a much tougher upbringing. When Andy learns that he has a baby daughter, Madonna, who is the result of a fling with Jodie Frazer a few months earlier, he begins to get to know his daughter. When Jodie decides that she can't cope with bringing up a baby on her own and dumps Madonna on Janice, Andy steps in and decides to be a proper father to the girl. Gordon goes into business with Bill Sanders, Doug and Alison at Sanders' Air Charter. Just as everything seems to be going well, a plane is sabotaged. The company appears to be falling apart until a mystery company puts up some money to keep it going. Gordon discovers to his surprise that it was Wayne who was behind the rescue. Although the father and son have been on opposing sides for some time, Gordon remarks that it appears that Wayne might have changed for the better. As he settles into life with new wife Beryl and her son, Robert in Melbourne, Gordon finds himself content with life. Nick Benson is a psychiatrist who arrives to help Wayne remember who shot him. Nick has a fraught relationship with his brother, Michael. Very much a ladies' man, Nick is attracted to Alison but he also finds himself attracted to her twin sister, Pamela Hudson and he becomes involved in a furious struggle between Alison and Pamela as they fight for supremacy, including using powerful mind games to try to destroy each other. Nick eventually chooses Pamela over Alison and drives off with her to begin a new life. Doug and Caroline marry, and Caroline is revealed as the author of a book entitled My Sister My Love, which is based very obviously on the lives of the Hamiltons and the Palmers, despite the changes of character names. Doug tries to stop Caroline promoting the book, warning her that they're going to lose all their friends, but Caroline ignores him. She even makes plans for a sequel. Caroline discovers that she's pregnant, but also learns that the baby could be born with Down's Syndrome and she opts to have an abortion, later deciding that she can't go through with it. She doesn't tell Doug that she's pregnant, but instead decides to leave him and start life afresh elsewhere. Doug learns about the pregnancy, though, and he chases after Caroline and tells her that he loves her, and that he wants her to have the baby and that he doesn't care if it's handicapped, wanting them all to be together as a family. Caroline agrees to give the marriage another go and Doug buys a fish shop in Melbourne! Charlie meets Todd Buckley, a fitness instructor who works at her gym, and there is an instant attraction. The couple quickly announce their engagement, despite attempts by Alison to break them up. Charlie becomes so appalled at Alison's behaviour and schemes that she throws her out, leaving Alison staying in a cheap, run-down motel while Charlie enjoys a fairytale wedding to Todd and prepares to live happily ever after. Sarah Hudson arouses Wayne's interest, and they begin to spend time together. Sarah tries to throw herself at Wayne, but he's wary after all his bad experiences with women. Meanwhile, he puts his plan into action to take everything and everyone away from Alison, leaving her with no money and no friends. With Wayne believing his wife Susan is dead, Alison decides to use Susan to get at Wayne but the plan backfires when Susan is left lying dead on the lounge room floor at Dural, having apparently been strangled by Wayne. Realising that he's finally gone too far, he turns to the telephone and makes a call. He asks for the police... The show ends just as it began. At Fiona's mansion boarding house, a young couple arrive, and ask for a room. The young woman is heavily pregnant. Fiona takes them in, just as she had with David and Patricia all those years ago. The woman gives birth to twins, a boy and a girl.

Titles and credits[edit]

Theme Tune[edit]

The theme tune was written by Peter Pinne & Don Battye and performed by Mick Leyton and Kerri Biddell.

Two main versions of the theme were used in the closing credits, one in three-four time and one in four-four time: the first version was used as the main closing theme for most episodes shown in 1982 and 1983, while the second version was used from 1984 to 1987. In addition. The full theme tune was released on a 7" single in the UK in 1984 and reached number 68 in the charts and stayed in the charts for three weeks. It was released on the A1 record label with catalogue number 'A1 286'.

Opening titles sequence[edit]

The opening and end credits sequences of the series were distinctive and remained constant throughout the run of the series. The credits at start of each episode featured sepia-toned portraits of the main characters

  • Version 1 -(Original) (Episodes 1 - 174) consisted of characters: John, Angela, Patricia, David, Fiona, Gordon, Beryl, Jill, Wayne, Susan and Kevin (Played by Peter Phelps, Ally Fowler, Rowena Wallace, Tom Richards, Pat McDonald, Leila Hayes, Kim Lewis, Ian Rawlings, Anne Henderson Stires and Stephen Comey
  • Version 2 (Episodes 175 - 292) As above with Wayne and Jill switching places and Rob Keegan Noel Hodda replacing the shot of Susan
  • Version 3 (Episodes 293 - 352) consisted of John, Jill (new shot), Patricia, David, Fiona, Gordon, Beryl, Wayne, Barbara Cornelia Frances, Lynn Antonia Murphy and Kevin
  • Version 4 (Episodes 353 - 424) As above but Andy Green Danny Roberts replaces the shot of Kevin
  • Version 5 (Episodes 425 - 500) consisted of Patricia, David, Fiona, Jill, Beryl, Wayne, Amanda Alyce Platt, Gordon, Barbara, Lynn, Andy (new shot)
  • Version 6 (Episodes 501 - 545) consisted of Fiona (new shot), David, Beryl, Wayne, Barbara, Gordon, Charlie Sarah Kemp, Andy, Amanda, Katie Jane Seaborn, Jill
  • Version 7 (Episodes 585 - 596) As above with Caroline Abigail replacing the shot of Jill
  • Version 8 (Episodes 597 - 600) As above with Leigh Lisa Crittenden replacing the shot of Amanda and Katie being removed but not replaced meaning this was the only block of episodes to only feature 10 characters instead of the usual 11 in the opening credits.
  • Version 9 (Episodes 601 - 612) Although only one character was added the shots were reordered. Consisted of Fiona, David, Beryl, Gordon, Barbara, Wayne, Charlie, Stephen, Caroline, Andy and Leigh.
  • Version 10 (Episodes 612 - 652) As above with the only exception being Caroline's shot is flipped so she is now facing right instead of left
  • Version 11 (Episodes 653 -696) For the first time since the show began the titles were completely revamped so all characters got new shots. Consisted of David, Fiona, Beryl, Gordon, Barbara, Wayne, Charlie, Irene Judy Nunn, Caroline, Andy and Leigh.
  • Version 12 (Episodes 697 - 736) As above but AlisonBelinda Giblin now replaces the end shot of Leigh
  • Version 13 (Episodes 737 - 860) Consisted of Fiona, Gordon, Beryl, David, Caroline, Wayne, Alison, Andy, Charlie, Glen Mark Conroy and Craig
  • Version 14 (Episodes 861 - 892) Once again it was a complete revamp with all characters (Randomly Except for Glen) getting new updated shots. Consisted of Fiona, Gordon, Beryl, Doug Normie Rowe, Caroline, Wayne, Alison, Andy, Charlie, Glen and Craig
  • Version 15 (Episodes 893 - 972) The final set of opening titles were as above with a shot of Susan (now being played by Oriana Panozzo) replacing Glen.

Closing credits sequence[edit]

Episodes 1-3 were initially screened as one feature length episode, more commonly referred to as the pilot, however for subsequent broadcasts it has been broken down into standard 30 minute episodes, this means that episodes 1 and 2 seem to end abruptly and do not feature the standard sepia end credits. Episode 3 was the first episode to have credits rolling over a static sepia image of the final shot of the episode which would then become the standard. Due to episodes 1-3 originally being joined as one episode when episode 4 starts it has an extended recap sequence covering what has happened in episodes 1-3.

Generally for the end credits the main cast were listed by family groups (I.e The Palmers, The Hamiltons, The Morrells, The O'Briens) and the guest artists were listed after the main cast.

There were some strange goings on in the end credit sequences from time to time as Doug and Rosie Palmer, Jeff O'Brien and Tony Parker all remained listed as main characters long after they had departed while Irene Fisher spent the duration of her stay in the soap appearing as a guest artist and Jill's name sometimes appeared as Jill O'Donnell and sometimes Jill Taylor. Randomly Patricia was listed as being part of the Hamilton family long after her divorce from Gordon Hamilton and It took the producers over 100 episodes to finally change Angela's name from Hamilton to Keegan.

Examples of end credit errors:

  • Episodes 501 - 503 - John Palmer is listed in the credits 77 episodes after he left .
  • Episodes 554 & 555 - Andrew Green gets his usual place in the credits and again appears as a guest artist as Andy Green.
  • Episode 569 - Patricia suddenly gets listed again in the closing credits although she has been out of the series for months.
  • Episodes 577 & 578 and 580 mistakenly list a Carolyn rather than Caroline Morrell.
  • Episodes 590 & 591 Jill O'Donnell is listed despite having left the series while Andy Green isn't credited at all.
  • Episode 596 despite having now left the series Amanda Morrell is credited twice in the credits and Jill O'Donnell is also listed despite having left the series.
  • Episode 615 sees the entire Morrell family get double credited during the titles.
  • Episode 690 - Leigh Palmer is double credited.
  • Episode 940 - Both Caroline and Beryl revert to their previous surnames of Morrell and Palmer rather than Fletcher and Hamlton for this one episode.
  • Episodes 945 - 947 - Caroline is again listed as Morrell instead of Fletcher.
  • Episodes 948 - 952, 957 - 960 & 965 - 968 - Craig Maxwell is credited as Graig Maxwell.
  • Episode 950 - Todd Buckley is double credited.

From episode 737 onwards, the end credits changed and the cast were no longer grouped by family name, instead the main cast were now listed in alphabetical order in groups of 3 or 4 followed by listings for guest actors. From episode 805 onwards, the credits changed once more and the cast credits scrolled from bottom to top rather than flashing up in groups. This format remained through to the end of the series.

Main Cast[edit]

The Hamiltons

  • Gordon Hamilton (Brian Blain) First appeared episode 3 1982 – 1987
  • Patricia Hamilton / Morrell / Palmer (Rowena Wallace) First appeared episode 2 1982 – 1985
  • Angela Hamilton / Keegan (Ally Fowler) First appeared episode 2 1984 – 1983 1984
  • Wayne Hamilton (Ian Rawlings) First appeared episode 3 1982 – 1987
  • James Hamilton (Nick Tate) First appeared episode 671 1985–1986
  • Karen Fox / Hamilton (Lyndel Rowe) First appeared episode 461 1984–1985

The Palmers

  • Beryl Palmer / Hamilton (Leila Hayes) First appeared episode 1 1982 – 1987
  • David Palmer (Tom Richards) First appeared episode 1 1982 – 1986 1987
  • Susan Palmer / Todd / Hamilton (Ann Henderson Stires / Oriana Panozzo) First appeared episode 1 1982 – 1983
  • Kevin Palmer (Stephen Comey) First appeared episode 1 1982 – 1984
  • John Palmer (Peter Phelps) First appeared episode 1 1982 – 1984
  • Lynn Hardy / Palmer (Antonia Murphy) First appeared episode 5 1982 – 1984
  • Doug Palmer (Sid Conabere) First appeared episode 10 1982 1983–1984
  • Rosie Andrews / Palmer (Anne Haddy) First appeared episode 30 1982 1983–1984 1985
  • Margaret Dunne (Ilona Rodgers) First appeared episode 181 1983 1983
  • Leigh Palmer (Lisa Crittenden) First appeared episode 534 1984–1985
  • Tim Palmer (Robert Mammone) First appeared episode 563
  • Shane Palmer (Andrew Downie) First appeared episode 563
  • Donna Jackson / Palmer (Simone Buchanan) First appeared episode 646

The Morrells

  • Caroline Morrell / Fletcher (Abigail) First appeared episode 554
  • Amanda Morrell (Alyce Platt) First appeared episode 286
  • Samantha Morrell () First appeared episode 587
  • Stephen Morrell (Michael Long) First appeared episode 267 1983–1984 1985
  • Dee Morrell (Mary Ward) First appeared episode 305
  • Jenny Turner / Morrell (Joanna Lockwood) First appeared episode 572

The Armstrongs

  • Barbara Armstrong / Hamilton (Cornelia Frances) First appeared episode 13 1982 1983–1986
  • Prue Armstrong (Gaynor Martin) First appeared episode 62
  • Roland Armstrong (Tony Ward) First appeared episode 588
  • Wendy Armstrong (Kathleen Brinson) First appeared episode 183
  • Mrs Armstrong Snr. (Jeanne Smith) First appeared episode 271
  • Simon Armstrong (Paul Wade / Paul Goddard) First appeared episode 13 1982 – 1985

The O'Briens

  • Mike O'Brien (Ken James) First appeared episode 385 1984–1985
  • Heather O'Brien (Rona Coleman) First appeared episode 385 1985
  • Katie O'Brien (Jane Seaborn) First appeared episode 385 1984–1985
  • Jeff O'Brien (Craig Morrison) First appeared episode 385 1984
  • Jim O'Brien (Sean Scully) First appeared episode 401 1984

The Keegans

The Healys

Other characters

  • Fiona Thompson (Pat McDonald) First appeared episode 1
  • Scott Thompson (David Nettheim) First appeared episode 34
  • Charlie Bartlett (Sarah Kemp) First appeared episode 43
  • Jill Taylor / O'Donnell (Kim Lewis) First appeared episode 3
  • Bill Todd (Andrew McKaige) First appeared episode 1
  • Noel Devlin (Richard Gillespie) First appeared episode 85
  • James Sheppard (Ken Fraser) First appeared episode 89
  • Paul Sheppard (Mark Ferguson) First appeared episode 112
  • Hal Mason (John Bonney) First appeared episode 95
  • Di Miller (Luz Yeomans) First appeared episode 109
  • Gayle Andrews (Maureen O'Shaunessy) First appeared episode 141
  • Kerri Mitchell (Saskia Post) First appeared episode 163
  • Brian O'Donnell (Lee James) First appeared episode 218
  • Sean O'Donnell (James Condon) First appeared episode 415
  • Beth Newman (Julie Hamilton) First appeared episode 247
  • Tony Parker (Grant Piro) First appeared episode 255
  • Alice Parker (Katy Wild) First appeared episode 260
  • Joe Parker (Danny Adcock) First appeared episode 330
  • Matt Kennedy (Vince Martin) First appeared episode 263
  • Terry Hansen (Andrew Clarke) First appeared episode 281
  • Phillipe Souchon (Steve Du-Casse) First appeared episode 283
  • Christine Matthews (Monette Lee) First appeared episode 299
  • Lisa Cook (Debra Lawrance) First appeared episode 323
  • Andy Green (Danny Roberts) First appeared episode 342
  • Helen Green (Eileen Colocott) First appeared episode 350
  • Robin Elliott (Scott McGregor) First appeared episode 365
  • Kathleen Elliott (Kate Sheil) First appeared episode 403
  • Irene Fisher (Judy Nunn) First appeared episode 422
  • Todd Fisher (Michael Winchester) First appeared episode 448
  • Nat Fisher (Tim Eliot) First appeared episode 481
  • Roger Carlyle (Les Dayman) First appeared episode 424
  • Luke Carlyle (Peter Cousens) First appeared episode 425
  • Shirley Ryan (Sonja Tallis) First appeared episode 432
  • Liz Smith (Julia Moody) First appeared episode 447
  • Leanne Watson (Melissa Bickerton) First appeared episode 470
  • Bob Mitchell (Philip Quast) First appeared episode 482
  • Alan Brandon (Richard Morgan) First appeared episode 506
  • Ross Newman (Robin Stewart) First appeared episode 506
  • Barney Adams (Leslie Wright) First appeared episode 511
  • Colonel Bainbridge (Barry Donnelly / Richard Meikle) First appeared episode 544
  • Chris Bainbridge (Tim Bacon) First appeared episode 552
  • Mrs Bainbridge (Anne Brisk) First appeared episode 550
  • Gloria Dutton (Julie McGregor) First appeared episode 545
  • Cheri Nolan (Regina Galgalas) First appeared episode 546
  • Dan Weller (Paul Gittins) First appeared episode 565
  • Helena Matsoukis (Elli Hart) First appeared episode 572
  • Julie Webb (Julie Nihill) First appeared episode 582
  • Spider Webb (Willy Fennel) First appeared episode 588
  • Bill Ashley (Peter Dahlson) First appeared episode 589
  • Desmond Bourke (David Slingsbury) First appeared episode 598
  • Richard Crampton (Sean De Ruyter) First appeared episode 601
  • Neil Duffy (Geoffrey Rhoe) First appeared episode 601
  • Colin Turner(Nicholas Ryan) First appeared episode 608
  • Denise Turner (Tushka Hose) First appeared episode 619
  • Adam Tate (Adam Briscombe) First appeared episode 612
  • Sally Tate (Ruth Hessey) First appeared episode 617
  • Eric Tate (Paul Mason) First appeared episode 621
  • Alison Carr (Belinda Giblin) First appeared episode 630
  • Diane Ball (Pegggy Thompson) First appeared episode 634
  • Mary Reynolds (Tessa Humphries) First appeared episode 637
  • Leo Walsh (Bob Baines) First appeared episode 655
  • Rod Campbell (David Bradshaw) First appeared episode 659
  • Jess Campbell (Annie Jones) First appeared episode 670
  • Doris Hudson (Carole Skinner) First appeared episode 670
  • Tom Chaplin (Terence Donovan) First appeared episode 680
  • Kelly Burns (Cassandra Webb) First appeared episode 687
  • Sarah Hunt (Christine Jones) First appeared episode 691
  • Janice Reid (Rima Te Wiata) First appeared episode 714
  • George Reid (Frank Macnamara) First appeared episode 714
  • Trent Harris (Jay Hackett) First appeared episode 717
  • May Walters (Georgie Sterling) First appeared episode 719
  • Craig Maxwell (Jared Robinson) First appeared episode 731
  • Doug Fletcher (Normie Rowe) First appeared episode 734
  • Glenn Young (Mark Conroy) First appeared episode 735
  • Jean Hopkins(Colleen Fitzpatrick) First appeared episode 741
  • Colin Hopkins(Rob Steel) First appeared episode 839
  • Neville Curtis (Keith Robinson) First appeared episode 742
  • Debbie Halliday (Shannon Kenny) First appeared episode 750
  • Micky Pratt (Jennifer Ludlam) First appeared episode 750
  • Bjorn Nilsson (Marian Dworakowski) First appeared episode 764
  • Maggie Hunt(Antoinette Blaxland) First appeared episode 781
  • Ginny Doyle (Angela Kennedy) First appeared episode 789
  • Laura Banning (Marina Finlay) First appeared episode 794
  • Michael Benson (Phillip Spencer-Harris) First appeared episode 857
  • Nick Benson (John Hannon) First appeared episode 903
  • Tick McCarthy (Haydon Samuals) First appeared episode 863
  • Moya Brinkley (Sandra Toovey) First appeared episode 864
  • Billie Fletcher (Deni Gordon) First appeared episode 868
  • Pamela Hudson (Rowena Wallace) First appeared episode 905
  • Phyllis Hudson (Ann Brisk) First appeared episode 942
  • Sarah Hudson (Melissa Docker) First appeared episode 942
  • Greg Hudson (Tom Jennings) First appeared episode 942
  • Barry Hudson (John Paramor) First appeared episode 942
  • Todd Buckley (Paul Dawber) First appeared episode 945

Family Trees[edit]

Palmers[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Doug Palmer
 
 
 
 
Rosie Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Martin Healy
 
 
 
Patricia Hamilton
 
David Palmer
 
 
 
Beryl Palmer
 
 
 
Frannie Henderson
 
Ray Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Palmer
 
Rob Keegan
 
 
Angela Hamilton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tim Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bill Todd
 
Susan Palmer
 
Wayne Hamilton
 
 
Leigh Palmer
 
Richard Crampton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lynn Hardy
 
Kevin Palmer
 
Shane Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Davey Palmer
 

Hamiltons[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
Beryl Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Barbara Armstrong
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nancy Andrews
 
 
 
Gordon Hamilton
 
 
 
 
Patricia Dunne
 
 
 
Martin Healy
 
 
 
James Hamilton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amanda Morrell
 
Wayne Hamilton
 
 
 
 
Mary Reynolds (marriage annulled)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karen Fox
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Susan Palmer
 
 
John Palmer
 
 
Angela Hamilton
 
Rob Keegan
 
 
 
 
 

Keegans[edit]

 
 
 
Bob Keegan
 
 
 
Aileen Keegan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
?
 
?
 
 
Angela Hamilton
 
Rob Keegan
 
Gordon Hamilton
 
 
Beryl Keegan
 
 
 
David Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brett Keegan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bill Todd
 
Susan Palmer
 
Wayne Hamilton Kevin Palmer
 
Lynn Hardy
 
 
 
Robert Palmer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
David Palmer

Broadcast history[edit]

Australia[edit]

Seven Network aired the first episode as a 90-minute special in January 1982, during the Christmas/New Year non-ratings period, and the official broadcast date of the final episode was 19 August 1987. There are 972 half-hour episodes, although during the series' original run, later episodes were shown in an hour-long format. No figures are available for how many of these longer episodes made up the show's run. The series was broadcast on the Seven Network, initially four days a week for half an hour at 19:00, but in later years, in two one-hour shows per week, and finally in one one-hour show per week, although this may have varied in different parts of Australia. Sons and Daughters became the highest rated programme in its slot, and was the most-watched Australian soap of the 1980s. The series eventually began to suffer from declining ratings, and was ultimately cancelled. During the 1990s the programme was repeated throughout Australia, usually in early morning and daytime slots.

Seven Network began another re-run in October 2006, airing weekdays at 10:00. This was discontinued in early 2007, then resumed in July 2008, airing on Wednesday nights, usually around midnight. As of October 2013, episodes air Tuesday and Thursday mornings at 03.30am. Episode 461 aired on 8 October 2013.

7TWO began repeating the show on 2 November 2009, airing weekday mornings at 09:30am. The final episode 972 aired on 9 October 2013.

Foxtel channel UKTV repeated the series between from 1997, with the final episode airing in mid-2000, shown weekdays at 5pm.

International[edit]

Netherlands Shown by TROS television, but only at the rate of one or two episodes per week. The series returned to Dutch TV in the mid-1990s, when it was shown on RTL4, but the re-run was short-lived. Sons and Daughters was shown from 19:00 to 19:30 on BRTN1, in the afternoon on TROS and in the morning on RTL4.

Belgium Belgian station BRTN1 aired Sons and Daughters five days per week, with the run ending in 1990.

Spain Spanish television aired approximately 150 episodes of the series in 1987 from Monday to Friday at 19:00.

Republic of Ireland The series has aired more than once in Ireland, on RTE1, where it went out in a mid-afternoon slot.

Azores Broadcast here in the early to mid-1990s.

New Zealand The series ran from January 1986 to December 1989. It began life on TV2, but was moved to TV1 when Neighbours came along.

United Kingdom ITV began un-networked broadcasts of Sons and Daughters in 1983, meaning different ITV regions were free to show the series as and when they wished.

  • Central region screened the first episode on Sunday, 6 February 1983 as a 90-minute special, and then continued Wednesday to Friday at 15:30, running five times a week from 1987, and later four episodes per week, ending in December 1988.
  • Yorkshire region screened episode one on Monday, 11 July 1983 (14:45 –16:00) and continued Monday and Friday, 15:30, then five times a week from September. From 1984, the series aired Wednesday to Friday only until five episodes a week were reinstated in 1988. The final episode was shown on Friday, 10 March 1989.
  • Granada region began on Monday, 5 September 1983 at 18:00. The series aired Monday and Friday at 18:00, but the Friday episode was dropped from November 1983. In January 1985 aired on Friday only, then moved to Monday and Tuesday at 15.30 in September 1985; Wednesday episode introduced in April 1991; Thursday episode introduced by 1992; series ended on 28 April 1994.
  • TVS began Wednesday, 19 October 1983 at 15:20 and shown initially Wednesday to Friday. In September 1984, moved to Monday and Tuesday at 17:15. From 1988, changed back to 15:20 slot and ended in 1992.
  • TSW began Monday, 14 November 1983 and was shown on Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 15:30. Changed to Wednesday to Friday in January 1984 and Tuesday to Thursday in September 1984. Started running Monday to Friday from 17 October 1988 and ended on Tuesday, 19 September 1989.
  • Thames, Anglia and Tyne Tees all began the series on Tuesday, 15 November 1983, showing Tuesday to Friday at 15:30. Friday episode dropped for a while in 1984 but then reinstated. From September 1984, shown Wednesday to Friday; ran three times a week until September 1989, then twice-weekly; finished in July 1990.
  • Scottish Television began the series on Tuesday, 3 April 1984 at 14:00. Originally broadcasting three times a week, it was reduced to once a week on 3 July at 14.30 before going twice a week from 3 September 1984 until September 1993 at 15.30. From October 1993, it was broadcast only on Thursdays, before switching to Sunday mornings in January 1994. After 30 January, the series was dropped but returned in July on Tuesdays at 14.50. This lasted until 30 August, and the series reappeared on Saturday afternoons from 24 September until 17 December 1994. From 5 January 1995, Sons and Daughters was broadcast weekly on early Thursday mornings, finally finishing on 27 July 1995 in a double bill at 02:30.
  • Grampian Television began Tuesday, 22 May 1984 at 15:30; shown once a week until September, when a regular time slot of 15:30 on Wednesday to Friday was adopted; was later screened twice a week; ended in May 1991.
  • HTV began on Wednesday 11 July 1984 at 15:30, shown Wednesday to Friday on a regular basis; ended in May 1991.
  • Border began 1 July 1985; screened twice a week until November 1993. Border joined up with the Granada stage of the series from this date and therefore had to skip 81 episodes 827-907. The series finished on 28 April 1994.
  • UTV was the last ITV region to pick up the series, beginning in late 1985; aired twice-weekly but then increased to five times a week; ended in November 1992 or April 1994.
  • In the UK, the series was shown twice daily in the 1980s on 'Superchannel' (now NBC); the channel could also be seen across Europe, but the re-runs ended in 1989. The whole series was then aired on UK Gold from 1 November 1992 to 23 July 1996 at 08.00 and repeated at 12.00.
  • Channel 5 also aired the entire series. Episodes 1 - 212 were shown on Channel 5 at 13:30 Monday to Friday between 2 March and 24 December 1998, after which time it was dropped for a while. It did however return to Channel 5 in January 2002 (from episode 213) in an early morning slot at around 04:00–05:00 every Saturday and Sunday morning where two episodes were shown back to back until they reached the end of the series on 6 November 2005. The series gained a new level of UK fans in this early morning slot as the Aussie cult classic Prisoner Cell Block H had previously aired in the same time slot and when that ended, Sons and Daughters replaced it.

Sons and Daughters: Cast album[edit]

In the early 1980s when Australia's Seven Network was broadcasting both Sons and Daughters and A Country Practice, it decided to cash in on the shows' success, and provide the shows with some publicity, by producing and releasing a cast album. The album was called All My Friends, and featured the cast of Sons and Daughters on the A-side and the cast of A Country Practice on the B-side.

A-Side:

  1. "Sons and Daughters Theme"
  2. "Some Kind of Friend" (Ian Rawlings)
  3. "Bosom Buddies" (Pat McDonald and Rowena Wallace)
  4. "The More I See You" (Peter Phelps and Kim Lewis)
  5. "Behind Closed Doors" (Tom Richards and Leila Hayes)
  6. "Sometimes When We Touch" (Stephen Comey)
  7. "Help Me Make It Through the Night" (Leila Hayes)
  8. "Friends" (Rowena Wallace)

DVD[edit]

Long standing cast member Tom Richards, who played David Palmer, also released a DVD with interviews of fellow cast members in August 2007.

Success & Awards[edit]

Sons and Daughters won the 1983 Logie Award for Most Popular Australian Drama. Rowena Wallace was the most nominated actress of the soap and was nominated for a Gold Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television at the 26th Annual TV Week Logie Awards in 1984, and went on to win the award the following year in 1985. She was the first woman to win the award since it was opened up to Most Popular Australian Personality.

Wallace also received Silver Logies for:

  • Most Popular Lead Actress (1983)
  • Most Popular Actress (1984)
  • Best Actress in a Series (1984)
  • Best Lead Actress in a Series (1985)

Other awards won by Sons and Daughters cast members include: Most Popular New Talent - Stephen Comey (1982)

Remakes[edit]

The series has inspired five remakes produced under license from the original producers and based, initially, on the original story and character outlines. These are Verbotene Liebe (Germany, 1995-); Skilda världar (Sweden, 1996–2002); Apagorevmeni agapi (Greece, 1998); Cuori Rubati (Italy, 2002–2003) Zabranjena ljubav (Croatia, 2004–2008), Zabranena lubov (Bulgaria, 2008-)

External links[edit]