Sonship theology is a movement within American Presbyterianism, associated with Jack Miller (1928–1996).
Sonship theology emphasizes the Christian's adoption as a child of God. Tullian Tchividjian notes that Miller summed up the gospel in this way: "Cheer up; you're a lot worse off than you think you are, but in Jesus you're far more loved than you could have ever imagined."
Sonship theology was associated with a group of congregations within the Orthodox Presbyterian Church called "New Life Churches". In the 1990s, most of these congregations left the OPC to join the Presbyterian Church in America. Tim Keller suggests that they were "made to feel unwelcome" in the OPC, since their "pietist/revivalist" outlook "did not fit well with the more doctrinalist cast of the OPC." Gary North argued in 1991 that these churches "have not officially departed from confessional orthodoxy," but that "their focus has not been on traditional confessional preaching and Calvinist doctrine." R. C. Sproul, Jr. notes that the movement has been criticized for being implicitly antinomian, for being too introspective, and for being a part of the higher life movement.
- Tchividjian, Tullian (2010). Surprised by Grace: God's Relentless Pursuit of Rebels. Crossway. p. 44.
- Keller, Tim. What's so great about the PCA
- North, Gary (1991). Westminster's Confession: The Abandonment of Van Til's Legacy. Institute for Christian Economics. p. 36.
- Sproul, R. C. Jr. "Ask RC: What is Sonship theology?". Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Tim J. R. Trumper, When History Teaches Us Nothing: The Recent Reformed Sonship Debate in Context. Wipf & Stock, 2008.