Sophia of Prussia
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (August 2012)|
- See also Duchess Sophie of Prussia.
Princess Sophie of Prussia (Sophie Dorothea Ulrike Alice; 14 June 1870 – 13 January 1932) was Queen of the Hellenes as the wife of King Constantine I. She was a younger sister of Wilhelm II, German Emperor, and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
Princess of Prussia
On 14 June 1870, Sophia was born in the New Palace in Potsdam, Prussia, to then Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia (later German Emperor) and Victoria, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom, herself the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort. She was christened the following month, though all the men present were in uniform, as Prussia had declared war on France. Sophia's mother described the event to Queen Victoria: "The Christening went off well, but was sad and serious; anxious faces and tearful eyes, and a gloom and foreshadowing of all the misery in store spread a cloud over the ceremony, which should have been one of gladness and thanksgiving".
Sophie was known as "Sossy" during her childhood (the name was thought to have been picked because it rhymed with "Mossy", the nickname of her younger sister Princess Margaret). Sophia was also a sister of William II, German Emperor, Princesses Charlotte and Victoria of Prussia, as well as Princes Henry, Waldemar and Sigismund of Prussia.
The children of the Crown Prince became grouped into two by age: Wilhelm, Charlotte, and Henry were favoured by their paternal grandparents, while Sophia, Margaret, and Victoria were largely ignored by them. Sophia's two other brothers, Sigismund and Waldemar, died at a young age (Sigismund died before she was born, and Waldemar when he was 11 and she was 8); this drew Vicky and her three daughters closer together, calling them "my three sweet girls" and "my trio". The Crown Princess, believing in the superiority of all things English, had her children's nurseries modelled on her childhood. Sophia was raised with a great love for England and all things associated with it as a result, and had frequent trips to visit her grandmother Queen Victoria, whom she loved. Sophia often stayed in England for long periods, and as she was generally avoided by her paternal grandparents, Sophia's formative years were mainly shaped by her parents and the Queen.
Crown Princess of Greece
After a long stay in England celebrating her grandmother's Golden Jubilee, Sophia became better acquainted with Crown Prince Constantine of Greece ("Tino") in the summer of 1887. The queen watched their growing relationship, writing "Is there a chance of Sophie's marrying Tino? It would be very nice for her, for he is very good". This period fell on an unhappy time for Sophia's family however, as her father Emperor Frederick III was dying an agonizing death of throat cancer. His wife and children kept vigil with him at Neues Palais, even celebrating Sophia's birthday. The emperor died the next day. Sophia's eldest brother Wilhelm, now German Emperor, quickly ransacked his father's things in the hopes of finding "incriminating evidence" of "liberal plots". Knowing her three youngest daughters were more dependent on her than ever for emotional support, Dowager Empress Frederick remained close to them. "I have my three sweet girls - he loved so much - that are my consolation".
During this grim period, Sophia agreed to marry Crown Prince Constantine, which was "hardly a surprising development considering the funereal atmosphere that prevailed at the home of her widowed mother". On 27 October 1889, Sophia married Tino in Athens, Greece. They were third cousins through descent from Paul I of Russia, and second cousins once removed through Frederick William III of Prussia. There was an old Greek prophecy that read when Constantine and Sophia reigned, Greece would see greatness again and Constantinople would fall to Greek hands.
Their marriage led to in-fighting within her family, particularly with her sister-in-law, the Empress Augusta Victoria, known within the family as Dona, wife of Wilhelm II. In 1890, when Sophie announced her intention to leave her Evangelical faith for Greek Orthodoxy (as she was obliged to do under her new family's House law), Dona summoned her and told her that if she did so, not only would William find it unacceptable, being the Head of the Evangelical State Church of Prussia's older Provinces; she would be barred from Germany and her soul would end up in Hell. Sophie replied that it was none of her business whether she did or not. Dona became hysterical and her son, Prince Joachim, was born too early, causing her to cling to him for the rest of his life as she believed him to be delicate. Evidently, so did William as he wrote to his mother that if the baby died, Sophie would have "murdered it."
Queen of Greece
Constantine succeeded his father on 18 March 1913, making him king and her queen consort.
During World War I Queen Sophie was involved to a certain degree with the affairs of the state and kept frequent communication with her brother. In the words of G. Leon "She remained a German, and Germany's interests were placed above those of her adopted country which meant little to her. Actually she never had any sympathy for the Greek people". Other sources point to the opposite, based on her many charitable works and efforts to improve the lives of the Greek people in and around the Greek capital, and refer to the scapegoating that followed the period known as the National Schism in Greece, based mostly on Sophie being a sibling of the German Kaiser and the allied effort to discredit the Greek royal family during World War I. 
In 1916 as the Queen and King were residing in Tatoi, a mysterious fire broke out, destroying the main residence and much of the forest surrounding it. Queen Sophie grabbed her youngest child (Katherine) and ran a mile and a half with her in her arms. The fire lasted for forty-eight hours and was suspected as deliberate act of arson.
She left Greece on 11 June 1917 with her husband (who abdicated because of his alleged pro-German sentiments) and they went into exile to Switzerland, but were recalled to the throne shortly after their second son Alexander's death from an infected monkey bite. Her husband was forced to abdicate a second time after defeat in a war with Turkey in 1922, and he died early the following year.
Death and burial
In her last years Queen Sophie was diagnosed with cancer and died in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1932. With the restoration of the monarchy in Greece, Queen Sophie's remains were re-buried in 1936 at the royal burial ground at Tatoi Palace alongside her husband.
She is the paternal grandmother of her namesake, Queen Sofia of Spain, and of ex-King Constantine II of the Hellenes. Queen Sofia of Spain, is in turn the paternal grandmother of Infanta Sofia of Spain.
By Constantine I of Greece (18 March 1913 – 11 June 1917); married on 27 October 1889.
|George II, King of the Hellenes||20 July 1890||1 April 1947||married Elisabeth of Romania|
|Alexander I, King of the Hellenes||1 August 1893||25 October 1920||married Aspasia Manos aka Princess Aspasia of Greece and Denmark|
|Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark||2 May 1896||28 November 1982||married Carol II, King of Romania|
|Paul I, King of the Hellenes||14 December 1901||6 March 1964||married Princess Frederika of Hanover|
|Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark||13 February 1904||15 April 1974||married Prince Aimone of Savoy, 4th Duke of Aosta|
|Princess Katherine of Greece and Denmark||4 May 1913||2 October 2007||married Major Richard Brandram MC (5 August 1911 – 5 April 1994)|
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Queen Sophia as consort
|Reference style||Her Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Majesty|
Titles and styles
- 14 June 1870 – 27 October 1889: Her Royal Highness Princess Sophie of Prussia
- 27 October 1889 – 18 March 1913: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Greece
- 18 March 1913 – 27 September 1922: Her Majesty The Queen of the Hellenes
Her husband abdicated on 27 September 1922.
|Ancestors of Sophia of Prussia|
- Gelardi, p. 3.
- Gelardi, pp. 3-4.
- Gelardi, p. 4.
- Gelardi, p. 9.
- Gelardi, p. 11.
- Gelardi, p. 10. "She [the Queen] is so nice to kiss you cannot think," Sophia said at age 11.
- Gelardi, p. 10.
- Gelardi, p. 18.
- Gelardi, p. 20.
- Gelardi, p. 21.
- Gelardi, p. 22.
- Leon, 1974, p. 77
- See Gelardi
- Gelardi, Julia P. (2005). Born to Rule: Five Reigning Consorts, Granddaughters of Queen Victoria. New York: St. Martin's Press.
- Leon, G. B. (1974). Greece and the Great Powers 1914-17. Thessaloniki: Institute of Balkan Studies.
Media related to Queen Sophia of Greece at Wikimedia Commons
Sophia of PrussiaBorn: 14 June 1870 Died: 13 January 1932
Olga Konstantinovna of Russia
|Queen consort of the Hellenes
18 March 1913 – 11 June 1917
Aspasia Manos (untitled)
Aspasia Manos (Royal Consort)
|Queen consort of the Hellenes
19 December 1920 – 27 September 1922
Elisabeth of Romania