From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the TV series, see Sophomores (TV series).

In the United States, a sophomore (/ˈsɒfəmɔr/ or /ˈsɒfmɔr/)[1][2] is a student in the second year of study at high school or university.[3][4] The term may come from Greek σόφισμα (sophisma), “acquired skill, clever device, method”.[5] Or it might be a compound of the Greek words σοφός (sophos), "wise" + μωρός (moros), "foolish, dull".[6][7]

Education in the US[edit]

High school[edit]

The 10th grade is the second year of a student's high school period and is referred to as sophomore year. High school sophomores are expected to begin preparing for the college application process, including increasing and focusing their extracurricular activities. Students at this level are also considered to be developing greater ability for abstract thinking.[8]


In the U.S., college sophomores are advised to begin thinking about career options and to get involved in volunteering or social organizations on or near campus.[9]

Usage in other countries[edit]

In some other countries, such as the Philippines and Japan, sophomore is also widely used specifically in high schools. It is also used in Saudi Arabia in American-based universities and colleges.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pronunciation according to Merriam-Webster
  2. ^ Pronunciation according to Macmillan
  3. ^ "Concise Oxford English Dictionary". Oxford University Press. 
  4. ^ "Sophomore (1)". Merriam–Webster. 
  5. ^ σόφισμα, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  6. ^ μωρός, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  7. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  8. ^ Strauss, Valerie (2006-02-07). "Sophomore Year: Between Lark and a Hard Place". Education section (The Washington Post). Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  9. ^ "Sophomore Year: Get Involved". A year by year guide. Yale University. Retrieved 2009-05-26.