× Sophrolaeliocattleya

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× Sophrolaeliocattleya
Slc Hazel Boyd.jpg
Slc. Hazel Boyd (now Ctt. Hazel Boyd) = C. California Apricot × Ctt. Jewel Box[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Epidendreae
Subtribe: Laeliinae
Alliance: Hybrids
Genus: × Sophrolaeliocattleya
hort.
Species

several cultivars.

× Sophrolaeliocattleya (from Sophronitis, Laelia and Cattleya, its parent genera) is a nothogenus of artificial intergeneric orchid hybrids. It is abbreviated as Slc. in the horticultural trade.[2]

Anatomy, morphology and habit[edit]

× Sophrolaeliocattleya often shows the influence of its Sophronitis parent strongly; its flowers tend to range through yellow-orange to red, they tend to be smaller, and the general habit of the plant tends to be comparatively compact, all characteristics shared with Sophronitis.

Etymology and taxonomic history[edit]

This nothogeneric epithet is derived by putting together the component genera: Sophronitis (combining form sophro), Laelia (combining form laelio) and Cattleya; it is capitalized and is not italicized because it is a nothogeneric epithet. By 1999, the component genera had been rather stable (with the exception of the discovery of new species) for many decades.

In 2000, many (if not most) of the species of Laelia which had been used in producing Slc. hybrids were moved into the genus Sophronitis. As a result, many greges which had been in × Sophrolaeliocattleya were moved into the nothogenus × Sophrocattleya, abbreviated Sc.

In 2008, the genus Sophronitis was merged into Cattleya,[3] making the nothogenera × Sophrolaeliocattleya and × Sophrocattleya defunct. At the same time, several species of Cattleya which had been widely used in hybridization were moved into the new genus Guarianthe. As a result, greges which were once classified in × Sophrolaeliocattleya are now found in several genera and nothogenera:

1999 2009 parentage (1999) parentage (2009)
Slc.[4] Anzac C. Anzac (1921) Slc.[5] Marathon × Lc.[6] Dominiana C. Marathon × C. Dominiana (1899)[4]
Slc.[7] Jewel Box Ctt. Jewel Box C. aurantiaca × Slc.[4] Anzac Gur. aurantiaca × C. Anzac (1921)[7]
Slc.[8] An-An Lc. An-An L. anceps × Slc.[4] Anzac L. anceps × C. Anzac (1921)[8]
Slc.[9] Gadzooks Lcn. Gadzooks Slc.[1] Hazel Boyd x L.[10] Ancibarina Ctt. Hazel Boyd x Lc. Ancibarina[9]

Importance to humans[edit]

× Sophrolaeliocattleya and other Sophronitis hybrids are commonly crossed to produce a desirable orange or red bloom not generally present in Cattleya hybrids not involving Sophronitis, and the compact shape is well suited for artificial light gardens.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for Ctt. Hazel Boyd:  [1]
  2. ^ http://www.rhs.org.uk/RHSWebsite/files/87/87be8b1e-908e-4e04-9ee6-30c438354458.pdf
  3. ^ Ron McHatten (2008). "RHS Advisory Panel on Orchid Hybrid Registration (APOHR) Meeting". American orchid Society. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  4. ^ a b c d The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for C. Anzac (1921): [2]
  5. ^ The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database for C. Marathon:  [3]
  6. ^ The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for C. Dominiana (1899):  [4]
  7. ^ a b The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for Ctt. Jewel Box:  [5]
  8. ^ a b The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for Lc. An-An:  [6]
  9. ^ a b The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for Lcn. Gadzooks:  [7]
  10. ^ The Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Database page for Lc. Ancibarina:  [8]