Sopron County

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Sopron County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Sopron

Coat of arms

Location of Sopron
Capital Sopron
47°41′N 16°35′E / 47.683°N 16.583°E / 47.683; 16.583Coordinates: 47°41′N 16°35′E / 47.683°N 16.583°E / 47.683; 16.583
History
 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,256 km2 (1,257 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 283,500 
Density 87.1 /km2  (225.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Austria, Hungary

Sopron (German: Ödenburg) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary in present-day eastern Austria and northwestern Hungary. The capital of the county was Sopron.

Geography[edit]

Sopron county shared borders with the Austrian land Lower Austria and the Hungarian counties Moson, Győr, Veszprém and Vas. The lake Neusiedler See lies partly in the county. Its area was 3,241 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The Sopron comitatus arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the western part of the county became part of the Austrian state of Burgenland, while the eastern part became a part of Hungary. In 1921, it was decided by referendum that the city of Sopron would join Hungary instead of Austria.

After World War II, Sopron county merged with Győr-Moson-Pozsony to form Győr-Sopron county. This county was renamed to Győr-Moson-Sopron county in the early 1990s. A small part of Sopron county went to Vas county.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 279,796 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 283,510 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Sopron county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Csepreg Csepreg
Csorna Csorna
Felsőpulya Felsőpulya, AT Oberpullendorf
Kapuvár Kapuvár
Kismarton Kismarton, AT Eisenstadt
Nagymarton Nagymarton, AT Mattersburg
Sopron Sopron
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Sopron
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Kismarton, AT Eisenstadt
Ruszt, AT Rust

Eisenstadt, Mattersburg, Rust and Oberpullendorf are now in Austria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.