Nemzeti Bajnokság I
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Nemzeti Bajnokság II|
|Domestic cup(s)||Magyar Kupa
Hungarian Super Cup
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Videoton (2 titles)
|Most championships||Ferencváros (28 titles)|
Sport 1 (live matches)
Sport 2 (live matches)
Sport 2 (highlights)
Sport M (highlights)
|Website||Magyar Labdarúgó Szövetség|
|2014–15 Nemzeti Bajnokság I|
The Nemzeti Bajnokság is the Hungarian professional league for association football clubs. The league is currently known as the OTP Bank Liga for sponsorship reasons, and it is the highest level of professional league since its inception in 1901. UEFA currently ranks the league 29th in Europe.
Sixteen teams compete in the league, playing each other twice, once at home and once away. At the end of the season, the top team enters the qualification for the UEFA Champions League, while the runner-up and the third placed, together with the winner of the Hungarian Cup enters the UEFA Europa League qualification round. The bottom two clubs are relegated to Nemzeti Bajnokság II, the second-level league, to be replaced by the winner and the runner up of the NB2.
- 1 History
- 2 The Golden Star
- 3 Name changes and sponsorship
- 4 Hungarian National Championship clubs 2014-15
- 5 Previous winners
- 6 Clubs
- 7 Stadia
- 8 Players
- 9 Managers
- 10 Format
- 11 In European competitions
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
On 19 January 1901, the Hungarian Football Federation was founded. The first match was played between Budapesti Torna Club and Budapesti Sport Club in the first season of the Hungarian League in 1901. The first championship included five teams such as Budapesti TC, Magyar Úszóegylet, Ferencváros, MAFC (was withdrawn after four matches), and Budapesti Sport Club, all from the capital city Budapest. The first championship was won by Budapesti TC. Although the two first championships were won by Budapesti TC, the 1900s was the beginning of the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest.
In the 1910s the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest continued. During the 1910s Schlosser became top goal scorer seven times who played for both Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. Schlosser has third position in all-time Hungarian league scorers and has the most of "the best goalscorer" titles.
The 1920s were also dominated by Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. Ferencváros's Takács became top goalscorer four times during the 1920s becoming the second icon for the club. MTK Budapest was led by Orth who became top goalscorer three times in the 1920s.
In the 1930s, the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest expanded with another club, Újpest FC (at that time not part of Budapest). One of the most iconic figure of the 1930s Hungarian football was Újpest's Zsengellér who managed to top goalscorer three times in a row in the 1930s. Ferencváros's Sárosi and MTK Budapest's Cseh and Újpest's Zsengellér were the embodiment of the rivalry of the three clubs from Budapest, named Budapest derby.
In the 1940s, Csepel could win its first title which was followed by two other titles in 1942 and 1943. During the World War II there were no interruptions in the Hungarian league. Due to the expansion of the territories of the country, new clubs could re-join the league such as Nagyvárad and Kolozsvár. The second half of the 1940s was dominated by Újpest by winning the championship in 1945, 1946 and 1947.
In the 1950s, the dominance of Ferencváros and MTK weakened by the emergence of Honvéd with players such as Puskás, Bozsik, Czibor and Budai. Later these players played in the final of the 1954 FIFA World Cup. In the 1950s, Honvéd could win the championship five times. During the early 1950s, Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars. In 1956 the Hungarian league was suspended due to the Hungarian Revolution. The league was led by Honvéd after 21 rounds but the championship has never been finished. In the first season (1955-56) of the European Cup, MTK Budapest reached the quarter-finals while in the 1957-58 season Vasas Budapest played in the semi-finals of the European Cup.
In the 1960s, the rivalry between the clubs from Budapest expanded with Vasas. Vasas could win four titles in the 1960s (1961, 1962, 1965 and 1966). Ferencváros was led by Albert who became top goal scorer in 1965 and also was named European Footballer of the Year in 1967. The 1960s can be considered as the most successful period of the Hungarian clubs on international turf. In 1965 Ferencváros became the most successful team of the Hungarian League in the European competitions having won the 1964-65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. In addition, Albert was named European Footballer of the Year in 1967. He is the most successful Ferencváros since the formation of the club, scoring 255 goals in 351 matches from 1958–74.
The 1970s is associated with Baróti's Újpest since the club could win seven titles. In the 1973-74 European Cup season Újpest reached the semi-finals where Bayern Munich stopped their campaign. The key of the Magic Újpest was famous forward formation of Fazekas, Göröcs, Bene, Dunai II, Zámbó. Bene became the leader of Újpest and also top goalscorer three times in the 1970s. He also led the Hungarian national football team to win the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. Újpest set new post-war records by scoring 500 goals in the seven seasons or losing only 4 home matches in 10 seasons. Törőcsik and Fekete joined Újpest after Göröcs, Bene and Dunai left the team. In 1978 and 1979 they won the Hungarian title again with former player Várhidi as the head coach. The Újpest fans called Törökcsik (or Törö) as the 'magician' since he was able to make unbelieveble dribbles, unexpected assists to teammates. László Fekete won the European Silver shoe.
In 1982 Győr won the championship becoming the first non-Budapest team who could win the Hungarian league (except Nagyvárad during the World War II). Győr could repeat the triumph in the following year in 1983. However, the 1980s was dominated by Honvéd who celebrated its second heyday during the 1980s.
Due to the collapse of the Communist era the Hungarian football clubs lost the support of the state. Therefore, many clubs faced with financial problems which effects are still present in the Hungarian football. However, the 1990s were still dominated by the 'traditional' clubs of the championships such Ferencváros, MTK, Újpest. Frencváros finished always in the top three, except for the 1993–94 season, when they finished 4th. The financial problems affected the performance of the clubs outside the Hungarian League as well. Hungarian clubs could not compete with the European counterparts. Moreover, the Bosman ruling also had a deep impact on the Hungarian League. Since big European clubs could invest loads of money into football, clubs from the Eastern Bloc were restricted to employ only home nationals.
In the 2000s new clubs became champions, mainly from rural Hungary. In 2002 Bozsik's Zalaegerszeg won the championship. Debrecen won the Hungarian league in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010. In 2008 MTK could win.
The dominance of the rural clubs continued in the 2010s. In 2011  and 2015  Székesfehérvár's Videoton won the championship. In 2013  Győr and in 2014  Debrecen could win the Hungarian League title.
The Golden Star
In the Hungarian League three teams include two stars as part of their crest appearing on their shirt to represent the trophies won by the club. After ten Hungarian League titles the club can include one star on their crest. There are four clubs who are entitled to wear one or two stars on their crest. MTK was the first club who celebrated its 10th title in 1922, but at that time the clubs did not put stars on their badge. It was Ferencváros who was first entitled to wear the second star in 1967. Now there are three clubs (Ferencváros, MTK and Újpest) with two stars and one club (Honvéd) with one star.
|MTK Budapest||1922–23, 1996–97|
Name changes and sponsorship
The league went through various name changes depending on the sponsor for the given season(s):
|1998–00||Professzionális Nemzeti Bajnokság||None|
|2003–05||Arany Ászok Liga||Arany Ászok|
|2007–10||Soproni Liga||Soproni sör|
|2011–||OTP Bank Liga||OTP Bank|
Hungarian National Championship clubs 2014-15
|Budapest Honvéd FC||Bozsik Stadion, Budapest||9th|
|Debreceni VSC||Nagyerdei Stadion, Debrecen||1st|
|Diósgyőri VTK||DVTK Stadion, Miskolc||5th|
|Dunaújváros PASE||Dunaferr Arena, Dunaújváros||2nd, NBII|
|Ferencvárosi TC||Stadion Albert Flórián, Budapest||3rd|
|Győri ETO FC||Stadion ETO, Győr||2nd|
|Kecskeméti TE||Széktói Stadion, Kecskemét||10th|
|Lombard-Pápa TFC||Stadion Várkerti, Pápa||12th|
|MTK Budapest FC||Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium, Budapest||8th|
|Nyíregyháza Spartacus FC||Városi Stadion, Nyíregyháza||1st, NBII|
|Paksi SE||Stadion PSE, Paks||11th|
|Pécsi Mecsek FC||Stadium of Újmecsekalja, Pécs||7th|
|Puskás FC||Pancho Arena, Felcsút||14th|
|Szombathelyi Haladás||Rohonci úti Stadion, Szombathely||6th|
|Újpest FC||Szusza Ferenc Stadium, Budapest||13th|
|Videoton FC||Stadion Sóstói, Székesfehérvár||4th|
||1903, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1932, 1934, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1949, 1963, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2004|
||1904, 1908, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1929, 1936, 1937, 1951, 1953, 1958, 1987, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2008|
||1930, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1960, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1990, 1998|
||1950 (I), 1950 (II), 1952, 1954, 1955, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993|
||2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014|
||1957, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1977|
||1963, 1982, 1983, 2013|
||1942, 1943, 1948, 1959|
||Budapesti TC 2||
- The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2014-15 season of the Hungarian League.
- Note 2: discontinued
- Note 3: after 1946 played in the Liga I, but was dissolved in 1963.
Six out of the twenty counties of Hungary have won Hungarian League titles.
||Ferencváros (28), MTK Budapest (23), Újpest (12)4, Budapest Honvéd (13), Vasas Budapest (6), Csepel (4), Budapest (2)|
||Újpest (8)4, Vác (1)|
||Videoton (2) TH, Dunaújváros (1)|
- Note 4: Újpest won 8 titles before becoming part of Budapest in 1950.
- The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2014-15 season of the Hungarian League.
The location of the Hungarian league winner teams is very Budapest centered. There have been seven clubs from Budapest who could win the Hungarian league. These have been Ferencváros, MTK, Újpest, Honvéd, Vasas, Csepel and Budapesti TC., however the latter was dissolved. The first non-Budapest team who could win the league title was Nagyváradi AC (the winner of the 1943−44 season). The dominance of the Budapest team was over in the 2000s when several clubs could win the trophy such as Dunaújváros, Zalaegerszeg, Videoton. Among which one club emerged and dominated the 2000s was from Hajdú-Bihar County called Debrecen. They have been able to win the Hungarian League title for six times.
|#||City||Titles||Winning Clubs||Last victory|
MTK Budapest (23)
Vasas Budapest (6)
||Újpest (8) 4||
||Videoton (2) TH||
- The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2014-15 season of the Hungarian League.
Since 1901 98 clubs have participated in the Hungarian League. Below the list of Hungarian League clubs who have participated in the first division. The club with the most appearances are the 28-time champions Ferencváros, however the club spent three years in the Nemzeti Bajnokság II (Hungarian Second Division) between 2006 and 2009. The only clubs who have never been relegated are Újpest.
The teams in bold are competing in the 2014–15 season of the Hungarian League.
Nemzeti Bajnokság football has been played in 80 stadiums since the formation of the Nemzeti Bajnokság in 1901.
|(Italics denotes players still playing professional football)
Bold denotes players still playing in the Hungarian League).
One of the most notable players of the Hungarian League was Ferenc Puskás who played for Budapest Honvéd. He played for Honvéd from 1943 to 1955 and then for Real Madrid. He made his first senior appearance for Kispest in November 1943 in a match against Nagyváradi AC. He played 341 matches and scored 352 goals in the Hungarian league.
In the early years of the Hungarian league Imre Schlosser was the most well-known football player. He played for both Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. He became top goalscorer seven times (1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, and 1917) and European top-scorer four times (1911, 1912, 1913, and 1914). From 1927 to 1928 he played for BVSC Budapest.
In the 1960s Ferencváros's Flórián Albert became top goalscorer of the Hungarian League three times. He received the Ballon d'Or (the Golden Ball) as the European Footballer of the Year in 1967. He has been the only Hungarian football player to receive this honour. He has been described as one of the most elegant footballers of all time. Albert became an icon for Ferencváros since he spent his career only with the gree-whites. The stadium of the Ferencváros (Albert Stadion) was named after him.
Between 2000-04 Zoltán Gera played for Ferencváros scoring 34 goals in 123 matches. Later he became a permanent player of the Premier League playing for West Bromwich Albion F.C. and Fulham F.C.).
In the Hungarian League the players are mainly from Hungary, but since the accession to the European Union the number of foreign players doubled. The players are mainly from the neighbouring EU countries such as Slovakia, Romania and Slovenia, and non-EU neighbouring countries such as Ukraine, Serbia, and Croatia. There are many players from Africa, mainly from countries such as Mali, Senegal, and Côte d'Ivoire. In the 2010s there is a growth in the number of Western European players. During the ownership of Kevin McCabe at Ferencváros numerous footballers participated from the England in the Nemzeti Bajnokság. The arrival of the Portuguese Paulo Sousa to Videoton triggered the signing of numerous Portuguese and Spanish players to the Nemzeti Bajnokság.
Among the most well-known foreign players is the three-time Serie A top goal scorer Giuseppe Signori who played for FC Sopron scoring three goals in 10 matches in the 2005−06 season. He retired from the Western-Hungarian club in 2006.
Correct as of 3 October 2014.
|1.||Ferenc Szusza||1940–1961||Újpesti Dózsa||393||462||0,85|
|2.||Gyula Zsengellér||1935–1947||Salgótarjáni BTC, Újpesti Dózsa||387||327||1,18|
|3.||Imre Schlosser||1906–1915, 1916–1922, 1926–1927||Ferencváros, MTK Budapest||361||258||1,40|
|4.||József Takács||1920–1938||Vasas Budapest, Ferencváros||359||221||1,62|
|5.||Ferenc Puskás||1943–1956||Budapest Honvéd||358||349||1,03|
|7.||Gyula Szilágyi||1943–1960||Debrecen, Vasas Budapest||313||390||0,80|
|8.||Ferenc Deák||1944-1954||1908 Szentlőrinci, Ferencváros, Újpest||313||232||1,31|
|10.||Géza Toldi||1927-1946||Ferencváros, Gamma, Szeged, Zugló||271||324||0,84|
|13.||Sándor Kocsis||1946–1956||Ferencvárosi, Budapest Honvéd||247||249||0,99|
|14.||Lajos Tichy||1953-1971||Budapest Honvéd||247||320||0,77|
|15.||Mihály Kozma||1969–1984||Szeged, Budapest Honvéd||234||384||0,61|
Leading top scorers
Correct as of 2013-14
Note: Active footballers are in bold.
Managers in the Nemzeti Bajnoksag are involved in the day-to-day running of the team, including the training, team selection, and player acquisition. Their influence varies from club-to-club and is related to the ownership of the club and the relationship of the manager with fans. Managers are required to have a UEFA Pro Licence which is the final coaching qualification available, and follows the completion of the UEFA 'B' and 'A' Licences.The UEFA Pro Licence is required by every person who wishes to manage a club in the Nemzeti Bajnoksag on a permanent basis.
- Note 1: For the seasons 1901, 1902 (won by Budapesti TC) 1903, 1906–07, 1908–09, 1909–10, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1912–13 (won by Ferencváros) managers are not included in the ranking since they are unknown.
- Note 2: Active managers are in bold
As we can see from the chart the number of teams in the Hungarian First Division changed a lot and continuously. The league started in 1901 with five teams and with the formation of teams the league expanded continuously. In the 1919–20 season there were 15 teams competing for the title. Currently, there are 16 teams in the first division.
On 23 May 2014, it was announced that the majority of the Hungarian League clubs supported the expansion of the first division from 16 to 18 from the 2014–15 season.
|Season||Number of teams|
|from 1901 to 1902||5 teams|
|in 1903||8 teams|
|from 1904 to 1905||9 teams|
|in 1906-07||8 teams|
|from 1907-08 to 1909-10||9 teams|
|from 1910-11 to 1913-14||10 teams|
|from 1916-17 to 1918-19||12 teams|
|in 1919-20||15 teams|
|in 1920-21||13 teams|
|from 1921-22 to 1925-26||12 teams|
|in 1926-27||10 teams|
|from 1927-28 to 1934-35||12 teams|
|from 1935-36 to 1940-41||14 teams|
|from 1941-42 to 1943-44||16 teams|
|in 1945||28 teams|
|in 1946-47||16 teams|
|in 1947-48||17 teams|
|from 1948-49 to 1950||16 teams|
|from 1951 to 1955||14 teams|
|in 1957||12 teams|
|from 1957-58 to 1966||14 teams|
|from 1967 to 1973-74||16 teams|
|in 1974-75||15 teams|
|in 1975-76||16 teams|
|from 1976-77 to 1981-82||18 teams|
|from 1982-83 to 1995-96||16 teams|
|from 1996-97 to 1999-00||18 teams|
|in 2000-01||16 teams|
|from 2001-02 to 2003-04||12 teams|
|from 2004-05 to present||16 teams|
In European competitions
As correct of 5 May 2015
- Semi-final: Vasas Budapest (1957-58), Győr (1964-65), Újpest (1973-74)
- Quarter-final: MTK Budapest (1955-56), Ferencváros (1965-66), Vasas Budapest (1967-68), Újpest (1971-72), (1972-73)
- Group stage: Ferencváros (1995-96), Debrecen (2009-10)
- Runner-up: Videoton (1984-85)
- Quarter-final: Budapest Honvéd (1978–79 UEFA Cup)
- Group stage: Videoton (2012-13)
- Final: Ferencváros (1974-75)
- Semi-final: Újpest (1961-62), Ferencváros (1971–72)
- Quarter-final: MTK Budapest (1976–77)
- Winner: Ferencváros (1964-65)
- Runner-up: Újpest (1968–69), Ferencváros (1967-68)
- Semi-final: MTK Budapest (1961-62), Ferencváros (1962-63)
- Final: Ferencváros (1928, 1937); Újpest (1929)
(L: League, C: Cup, LC: League cup1)
||CL places||EL places||Total|
|29||32||+3||Azerbaijan (L, C)||2.000||1.375||3.000||2.500||3.625||12.500||0/4|
|30||30||—||Slovakia (L, C)||3.000||2.375||1.500||1.625||2.750||11.250||0/4|
|31||28||–3||Hungary (L, C)||2.750||2.250||3.000||0.875||2.125||11.000||0/4|
|32||34||+2||Kazakhstan (L, C)||0.875||1.625||1.375||3.125||3.375||10.375||0/4|
|33||31||–2||Moldova (L, C)||2.125||0.500||2.250||3.375||1.750||10.000||0/4|
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I clubs
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I managers
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I broadcasters
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I stadiums
- List of Hungarian footballers
- List of foreign Nemzeti Bajnokság I players
- List of Hungarian football champions
- Nemzeti Bajnokság II
- Nemzeti Bajnokság III
- Budapest derby
- Ferencváros TC and Újpest FC rivalry
- "Az NB I új neve: Monicomp Liga". Hungarian Football Association. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
- Country coefficients 2011/12
- "Hungary round-up: Zalaegerszeg zoom to top". UEFA.com. 4 May 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2002.
- "Hungary round-up: All too easy for Zalaegerszeg". UEFA.com. 15 March 2002. Retrieved 15 March 2002.
- "First at last for Debrecen". UEFA.com. 20 May 2005.
- "Debrecen clinch title at the death". UEFA. 3 June 2006.
- "Debrecen did it again". UEFA. 19 June 2006.
- "Debrecen sign off in style". UEFA. 4 June 2007.
- "Debrecen awaits victory parade". UEFA. 16 May 2007.
- "Debrecen wrap up Hungarian honours". UEFA. 23 May 2009.
- "Debrecen complete double with Hungarian Cup". UEFA. 26 May 2010.
- "MTK claim title after five-year wait". UEFA. 26 May 2008.
- "Hungarian League 2010–11: Champions Videoton proud of historic success". UEFA.com. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
- "Videoton champions of Hungary again". UEFA.com. 4 May 2015.
- "Gutsy Győr crowned Hungarian champions". UEFA.com. 12 May 2013.
- "Debrecen crowned champions of Hungary". UEFA.com. 1 June 2014.
- Glanville, Brian (17 November 2006). "Obituary: Ferenc Puskas". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2006-11-27.
- "Restoring the Puskás legend". UEFA.com. 28 October 2005. Retrieved 28 October 2005.
- "Puskás the goalscoring major". UEFA.com. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Puskás, Hungary's greatest". UEFA.com. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 16 November 2006.
- "Puskás gone but not forgotten". UEFA.com. 17 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "Gera sticks with Ferencváros". UEFA.com. 20 January 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2003.
- "Gera coup for West Brom". UEFA.com. 30 July 2004. Retrieved 30 July 2004.
- "Signori coup for Sopron". UEFA.com. 20 October 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2005.
- "NB I: 18 csapatos élvonal? A többség rábólintott". www.nso.hu. 22 May 2014.
- Hungarian football league
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