Sorbian alphabet

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The Sorbian alphabet is based on the ISO basic Latin alphabet but uses diacritics such as the acute accent and the caron, making it similar to the Czech and Polish alphabets. The standard character encoding for the Sorbian alphabet is ISO 8859-2 (Latin-2).

The alphabet is used for the Sorbian languages, although some letters are used in only one of the two languages (Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian).

Alphabet table[edit]

Upper
case
HTML
code
Lower
case
HTML
code
Name Usual
phonetic value
Other
phonetic values
Comments
A   a   a [a]    
B   b   bej [b] [p]  
C   c   cej [ts]    
Č Č č č čej [tʃ]    
Ć Ć ć ć ćet [tɕ]    
D   d   dej [d] [t]  
E   e   ej [ɛ]    
Ě Ě ě ě jět/ět (Upper), ět (Lower) [iɪ]    
F   f   ef [f]    
G   g   gej [ɡ]    
H   h   ha Upper [h]
Lower [h] or silent
   
I   i   i [i]    
J   j   jot/jót (Upper), jot (Lower) [j]    
K   k   ka [k]    
Ł Ł ł ł [w]    
L   l   el [l]    
M   m   em [m]    
N   n   en [n]    
Ń Ń ń ń eń (Upper), ejn (Lower) [ɲ]    
O   o   o [ɔ]    
Ó Ó ó ó ót Upper [uʊ]
Lower [ɛ] or [ɨ]
   
P   p   pej [p]    
R   r   er [r]    
Ř Ř ř ř [ʃ]   Upper Sorbian only
Ŕ Ŕ ŕ ŕ ejŕ [rʲ]   Lower Sorbian only
S   s   es [s] [z], [ɕ]  
Š Š š š [ʃ]    
Ś Ś ś ś śej [ɕ] [ʑ] Lower Sorbian only
T   t   tej [t] [d]  
U   u   u [u]    
W   w   wej Upper [v]
Lower [w] or silent
Upper Sorbian [f]  
Y   y   y [ɨ]    
Z   z   zet [z] [s], [ʑ]  
Ž Ž ž ž žet [ʒ]    
Ź Ź ź ź źej [ʑ]   Lower Sorbian only
(except as part of digraph )

An earlier version of the Lower Sorbian alphabet included the use of the letters b́, ṕ, ḿ, and to indicate palatalized labials. These have been replaced by bj, mj, pj and wj.

Sorbian orthography also includes two digraphs:

Upper
case
HTML
code
Lower
case
HTML
code
Name Usual
phonetic value
Other
phonetic values
Ch   ch   cha Upper [kʰ] word/root initially; [x] otherwise
Lower [x]
 
Dź dź dźej/dźet [dʑ] [tɕ]

The digraph ch follows h in alphabetical order.

References[edit]

  • Jana Šołćina, Edward Wornar: Obersorbisch im Selbststudium, Hornjoserbšćina za samostudij, Bautzen 2000, ISBN 3-7420-1779-9, Seiten 12–15 (German)
  • Starosta: Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik, Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, Bautzen 1999, ISBN 3-7420-1096-4, Seiten 15–21 (German)