Sormovsky City District

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Coordinates: 56°21′N 43°52′E / 56.350°N 43.867°E / 56.350; 43.867

A 1949-vintage Su-series steam loco installed as a monument in central Soromovo in 1980

Sormovsky District (Russian: Со́рмовский райо́н), or Sormovo (Russian: Со́рмово), is one of the eight districts of the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It occupies the northwestern corner of the city, adjacent to the Volga River. Population: 168,761 (2010 Census);[1] 177,940 (2002 Census);[2] 185,994 (1989 Census).[3]

The village originally known as Soromovo (Соромово) had existed since 1542. In 1849, the Sormovo Works—soon one of Russia's most important machine-building plants, later known as Krasnoye Sormovo—was founded; its owner had the village renamed to more euphonic Sormovo. Although legally a village, it soon grew into a large workers' settlement; in 1922, Sormovo became a city; in 1929, it was amalgamated into the city of Nizhny Novgorod, becoming one of its districts.

It is one of the city's industrial districts. Besides Krasnoye Sormovo, its well-known enterprises include the Volga Shipyard[4](which was spun off from Krasnoye Sormovo in 1970, and is geographically adjacent to its parent plant) and the Sormovo Confectionery Factory (Сормовская кондитерская фабрика).

Recreation and sports[edit]

Transfiguration Cathedral (1903)

The district does not have good, conveniently accessible beaches on the Volga shoreline, due to much of it being used by shipyards and floodlands. Instead, the locals prefer to use sand beaches on several artificial lakes, which formed several decades ago in the pits left from defunct sand quarries.

Sormovo airfield[edit]

Main article: Sormovo (airfield)

Sokol Aircraft Plant [1] and its airfield are located just south of the border of Sormovsky City District, within the neighboring Moskovsky District of Nizhny Novgorod. Between 1956 and 1970, the territory of today's Moskovsky District was part of the Sormovsky District, meaning that during that time the Sormovo Airfield was actually within the Sormovsky District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  3. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Volga Shipyard