|• Mayor||Victor Său|
|Elevation||45 m (148 ft)|
|Area code(s)||+373 230|
Soroca (Russian: Сороки Soroki, Ukrainian: Сороки Soroky, Polish: Soroki, Yiddish: סאָראָקע Soroke) is a Moldovan city situated on the Nistru (Dniester) river about 160 km north of Chişinău. It is the administrative center of Soroca District.
The city has its origin in the medieval Genoese trade post of Olchionia, or Alchona. It is known for its well-preserved stronghold, established by the Moldavian Prince Stephen the Great (Ştefan cel Mare in Romanian) in 1499. The origins of the name Soroca is not fully known.
The original wooden fort, which defended a ford over the Nistru/Dniester, was an important link in the chain of fortifications which comprised four forts (e.g. Akkerman and Khotin) on the Dniester, two forts on the Danube and three forts on the north border of medieval Moldova. Between 1543 and 1546 under the rule of Petru Rareş, the fortress was rebuilt in stone as a perfect circle with five bastions situated at equal distances.
During the Great Turkish War, John Sobieski's forces successfully defended the fortress against the Ottomans. It was of vital military importance during the Pruth Campaign of Peter the Great in 1711. The stronghold was sacked by the Russians in the Russo-Turkish War (1735–1739). The Soroca fortress is an important attraction in Soroca, having preserved cultures and kept the old Soroca in the present day.
The locality was greatly extended in the 19th century, during a period of relative prosperity. Soroca became a regional center featuring large squares, modernized streets, hospitals, grammar schools and conventionalized churches. In the Soviet period the town became an important industrial center for northern Moldova.
People from Soroca
|This section requires expansion. (March 2010)|
- Samuel Bronfman (1889–1971), a Canadian entrepreneur, former owner of Seagram
- Gheorghe Ursu (1926–1985), a Romanian construction engineer
- Eugen Ţapu, (1983–2009), a protestor in the post-election riots in Chişinău who died while in police custody
- Robert Steinberg (), a Canadian mathematician
- Israel Gohberg, Israeli mathematician
- Leonte Tismăneanu (), a Romanian communist activist
- Kira Muratova (), a Soviet and Ukrainian film director, screenwriter and actress
- Nicolae Soltuz, a member of Sfatul Ţării
- Constantin Stere (), born near here
- Alexandru Cimbriciuc
- Victor Său
- Other related person
- Observatorul de Nord is a newspaper from Soroca, founded in 1998.
- Vocea Basarabiei 67,69 and 103.1
Twin towns – Sister cities
Soroca is twinned with:
- Flămânzi, Romania
- Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. pp. 13–14.
- Tourist towns of Moldova
- Moldova: Districts, Major Cities & Towns - Statistics & Maps on City Population
- Demoscope Weekly - Annex. Statistical indicators reference
- Steve Kokker, Cathryn Kemp (2004) "Romania and Moldova" (a travel guide), ISBN 1-74104-149-X p.322
- Radio Free Europe, „Nici tu ploaie ca lumea, nici tu limpezirea apelor în domeniul politicii”
- Reporter european
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Soroca.|