Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Oblast

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For other places with the same name, including in Leningrad Oblast, see Sosnovy Bor.
Sosnovy Bor (English)
Сосновый Бор (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
RIAN archive 305005 Leningrad nuclear power plant.jpg
Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Sosnovy Bor is located in Leningrad Oblast
Sosnovy Bor
Sosnovy Bor
Location of Sosnovy Bor in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°53′23″N 29°05′08″E / 59.88972°N 29.08556°E / 59.88972; 29.08556Coordinates: 59°53′23″N 29°05′08″E / 59.88972°N 29.08556°E / 59.88972; 29.08556
Coat of Arms of Sosnovy Bor (Leningrad oblast).png
Coat of arms
Town Day April 19[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of June 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Sosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status[1]
Administrative center of Sosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Urban okrug Sosnovoborsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Sosnovoborsky Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 65,788 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 239th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Urban-type settlement 1958[5]
Town status since April 19, 1973[5]
Dialing code(s) +7 81369[6]
Official website
Sosnovy Bor on WikiCommons

Sosnovy Bor (Russian: Сосно́вый Бор, lit. pine forest) is a town in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, situated on the Koporye Bay of the Gulf of Finland, 81 kilometers (50 mi) west of St. Petersburg. The town of Sosnovy Bor is surrounded by Lomonosovsky District. Population: 65,788 (2010 Census);[3] 66,132 (2002 Census);[7] 55,800 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1958 as urban-type settlement serving the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant and granted urban-settlement status on December 10, 1958.[9] At the time, it was a part of Lomonosovsky District of Leningrad Oblast. On April 19, 1973, Sosnovy Bor was granted town status and became a town of oblast significance, which is it was not a part of Lomonosovsky District anymore.[5]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1958 Sosnovy Bor founded
  • 1961 A branch of the Leningrad Special Purpose Combine "Radon" was created. Today this is the state-owned corporation for collection, processing and long-term storage of radioactive waste.
  • 1962 State Station tor testing of marine nuclear power plants was created as a branch of Kurchatov's Institute for Atomic Energy (IAE). In 1966 it became Scientific and Technological Research Institute (NITI in Russian)
  • 1963 A branch of S. I. Vavilov's Sate Optical Institution was built.
  • 1966 North Construction Administration (Russian Северное управление строительства, СУС) was created. Its major goal was building the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant.
  • April 19, 1973 Sosnovy Bor was granted town status. This date is now the town's holiday.
  • December 23, 1973 The first reactor of Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant produced its first power.
  • 1981 The fourth reactor of the LNPP was started. LNPP became the largest world nuclear power plant (4 GW)
  • 1996 First mayor elected.

Restricted access[edit]

Due to high concentration of classified research facilities, nuclear energy industries, and military installations, access to Sosnovy Bor is only by special permit (except for the inhabitants of the town).

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Sosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Sosnovoborsky Municipal Formation with Urban Okrug Status is incorporated as Sosnovoborsky Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Sosnovy Bor is known for its research institutes and construction industry. There are about five hundred large, medium, and small enterprises functioning in the town. In 2005, the working capital investment grew by 15%.

The most prominent organizations in Sosnovy Bor include:

  • Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant;
  • Alexandrov Research Technological Institute — a state-owned research facility mostly dedicated to development and testing of nuclear ships and submarines power plants;[10]
  • Nuclear waste disposal facility: branch of the state-owned "Russian Radioactive Waste" ("РосРАО");[11]
  • Former Branch of the State Optical Institution, now a separate "Research Institute for Complex Testing of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems".

Transportation[edit]

Kalishche railway station

Sosnovy Bor is located on the railway connecting the Baltiysky railway station of Saint Petersburg with Veymarn. There are two railway stations in the town, Kalishche railway station and 80 km railway platform. Both are served by suburban connections from Saint Petersburg. West of Kalishche, there is no passenger service.

The town is connected by road to Saint Petersburg via Lebyazhye, and is included in the dense road network south of Sosnovy Bor, which, in particular, provides access to Kingisepp and Volosovo.

Sports and education[edit]

Town's educational facilities include fourteen kindergartens, eleven schools (two of them private), one children's shelter (state-subsidized boarding school for abandoned children), five secondary schools, one polytechnic lyceum, and three branches of St. Petersburg-based universities.

107 sports organizations and 11 civil society organizations are registered in the town.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c Oblast Law #22-oz
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c "Наукограды: Сосновый Бор" (in Russian). ФГБНУ НИИ РИНКЦЭ. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ленинградская область" (in Russian). Телефонные коды России. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Ораниенбаумский район (авг.1927 - фев. 1948 г .), Ломоносовский район (фев.1948 - фев. 196З, янв.1965)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ "НИТИ им. А.П. Александрова" (in Russian). НИТИ им. А.П. Александрова. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Северо-западный территориальный округ" (in Russian). ФГУП «РосРАО». Retrieved 24 March 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №22-оз от 31 марта 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Сосновоборский городской округ», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (14 мая 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №15, 4 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #22-oz of March 31, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Sosnovoborsky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (May 14, 2005).).

External links[edit]