Sosurim of Goguryeo

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Sosurim of Goguryeo
Hangul 소수림왕,소해주류왕 해미류왕
Hanja 小獸林王, 小解朱留王, 解味留王
Revised Romanization Sosurim-wang, Sohaejuryu-wang, Haemiryu-wang
McCune–Reischauer Sosurim-wang, Sohaejuryu-wang, Haemiryu-wang
Birth name
Hangul 고구부
Hanja 高丘夫
Revised Romanization Go Gubu
McCune–Reischauer Ko Kubu
Monarchs of Korea
Goguryeo
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Sosurim of Goguryeo (died 384) (r. 371–384) was the 17th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He was the son of King Gogugwon.

Background and Rise to the throne[edit]

Born as Go Gu-Bu, King Sosurim was the first son and successor of King Gogugwon. He assisted his father in leading the country and strengthening royal authority, which had been severely weakened due to humiliation brought upon by the Later Yan, who dug up the grave of King Micheon. Prince Gu-Bu was made crown prince in 355.

Reign[edit]

He became king in 371 when his father King Gogugwon was killed by the Baekje King Geunchogo's assault on Pyongyang Castle.

He is considered to have strengthened the centralization of authority in Goguryeo, by establishing state religious institutions to transcend tribal factionalism. In 372, he received Buddhism through travelling monks of Former Qin and built temples to house them.

Also in 372, he also established the Confucian institutions of Taehak (태학, 太學) to educate the children of the nobility. In 373, he promulgated a code of laws called (율령, 律令), centrally codifying regional customs and acting as the national constitution.

In 374, 375, and 376, he attacked the Korean kingdom of Baekje to the south, and in 378 was attacked by the Khitan from the north.

He died in 384 and was buried in Sosurim, which is a forest in Goguryeo.

Legacy[edit]

Most of King Sosurim's reign and life was spent trying to keep Goguryeo under control and also strengthening royal authority. Although he was not able to avenge the death of his father and previous Goguryeo ruler, King Gogugwon, he did play a major role in setting up the foundations that made the great conquests of his nephew and later ruler of Goguryeo, King Gwanggaeto the Great, a possibility.

Depiction in arts and media[edit]

His name is featured in The Legend, episode 2, as the brother of the woman who is in labour, Lord Yon Ga Ryuh's wife.

See also[edit]