Sottunga

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Sottunga
Municipality
Sottunga kommun
The southern end of Storsottunga as seen from a passing ferry in 2004
The southern end of Storsottunga as seen from a passing ferry in 2004
Coat of arms of Sottunga
Coat of arms
Location of Sottunga in Finland
Location of Sottunga in Finland
Sottunga is located in Åland
Sottunga
Sottunga
Location in Åland Islands
Coordinates: 60°08′N 020°40′E / 60.133°N 20.667°E / 60.133; 20.667Coordinates: 60°08′N 020°40′E / 60.133°N 20.667°E / 60.133; 20.667
Country Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Archipelago sub-region
Charter 1959
Government
 • Municipal manager Christer von Essen
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 342.46 km2 (132.22 sq mi)
 • Land 28.05 km2 (10.83 sq mi)
 • Water 314.41 km2 (121.39 sq mi)
Area rank 266th largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 104
 • Rank 336th largest in Finland
 • Density 3.71/km2 (9.6/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Swedish 88.7% (official)
 • Finnish 8.7%
 • Others 2.6%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 10.4%
 • 15 to 64 60.9%
 • 65 or older 28.7%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18%
Website www.sottunga.ax

Sottunga is an island municipality of Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland. The municipality is the smallest when it comes to population in Åland and in Finland, with a population of only 104 (31 January 2014)[2] and covers an area of 342.46 square kilometres (132.22 sq mi) of which 314.41 km2 (121.39 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 3.71 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.6 /sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Swedish, with 88.7% of the inhabitants speaking Swedish as their native language.[3] Sottunga comprises many islands, of which only three, Husö, Finnö and Storsottunga, are inhabited. Storsottunga is usually called Sottunga. There are five villages in the municipality: Finnö, Husö, Hästö, Mosshaga and Sottunga. The highest point of Sottunga is Kasberget (25 m).

Sottunga can be reached by ferry from Långnäs in Lumparland and Galtby in Korpo and many ferries pass the island without making a stop.

History[edit]

Like the rest of Eastern Åland, Sottunga got its first permanent inhabitants sometime in the 11th century, although there is evidence that the island had had inhabitants long before that. The name Sottunga itself is thought to predate the 11th century. In the 17th century there were some ten households on the island and about 70 inhabitants.

Sottunga has suffered during many wars, first during the Great Northern War in 1714–22 when all of Åland fled to Sweden and again during the Finnish War of 1808-09 when all the buildings on the island were set on fire in order to prevent them from falling into enemy hands. In 1800, before the Finnish War, the island had been visited by King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. Later during the Winter War of 1939–40 the island was bombed by the Soviet Union. The bombs were responsible for the sinking of the cargo ship s/s Notung in 1940 just northeast of Sottunga.

The population of Sottunga reached its peak in the 1920s with about 400 inhabitants from which it has gradually declined during the 20th century.

Sights[edit]

The church of Sottunga was originally built in 1661. The modern church on the site was built in 1728 after a fire had destroyed the original one. It is the smallest wooden church in Finland. Its clock tower was built in 1770 and the building was renovated in 1802. The painting at the altar was made by P. Berggren in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1845.

Before the church was built Sottunga had a chapel which was built in 1544 and which was approximately one kilometer away from the contemporary church.

On the island of Södö there are old mines dating back to the 19th century. Only 1,700 tons of iron ore were ever mined between the years 1839 and 1847 when the mines were operating.

Economy[edit]

Sottunga does not have many inhabitants and so the island has only one bank, one post office, one primary school and one healthcare center. Only 1.54 km2 (0.59 sq mi) is cultivated and commercial fishing is not practised anymore. The industry of the island is dominated by dairy products and the cultivation of sugar beet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sottunga at Wikimedia Commons