Soufrière, Saint Lucia
Soufrière and the Pitons
Political map of Saint Lucia showing Soufrière
|Founded by||The French|
|Named for||The local volcano|
|• Governing body||Soufrière Council|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Total||7,935 (Soufrière District)|
|Time zone||Eastern Caribbean Time Zone (ECT) (UTC-4)|
There were large estates run by plantation owners of French origin and their descendants still live in the area. The French Revolution of 1789 resulted in many Royalists being executed and the slaves freed. However, Napoleon reintroduced slavery when he came to power.
The British invaded St Lucia shortly after, but the slaves and French deserters fought them in a guerrilla campaign until 1803 when they were defeated and St Lucia became a British colony. Also, during that time, Castries became the capital of St Lucia.
Over the years, Soufrière has had to deal with hurricanes in 1780, 1817, 1831, 1898 and 1980, a major fire in 1955 and an earthquake in 1991. Many of these events have had to result in the town being rebuilt several times.
Soufrière has some famous inhabitants, the future Empress of France Joséphine de Beauharnais spent much of her childhood in the area, as well as George Charles, the first Premier of St Lucia. When Queen Elizabeth II visited St Lucia in 1966, she landed at Soufrière rather than Castries.
Today, Soufrière is more dependent on tourism rather than agriculture. The Pitons are just south of the town and there are several attractions in the area. Many of the old estates are still there such as Soufrière Estate, Fond Doux Estate and Rabot Estate.
- The Pitons – Gros Piton and Petit Piton are two giant volcanic plugs located south of Soufrière and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Sulphur Springs – Soufrière is located within the caldera of the dormant Qualibou volcano and the area is geothermally active. Marketed as a drive-through volcano, there are numerous hot springs and fumaroles.
- Soufrière Estate – also known as Diamond Estate, this is an old colonial estate that is home to a botanical garden, sulphur baths and Diamond Falls.
- Fond Doux Estate – a working plantation where cacao is still processed.
- St Lucia's Rainforest – there are several rainforest trails in the area with spectacular views, abundant wildlife and several waterfalls such as the Enbas Saut Falls.
- Anse Chastanet – a resort with a beautiful beach and there are several trails along the coast.
In popular culture
Soufrière was the filming location for most of the 1985 film Water, set on the fictional British colony of Cascara.
Piton Valley, part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site near Soufrière
Malgretoute Beach, looking north towards Soufrière
The Pitons at Soufrière
- stlucia.org. "History of Soufrière".
- Diamond Botanical Gardens. "Diamond Botanical Gardens".
- Fond Doux Estate. "Fond Doux Estate".
- St Lucia Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry and Fisheries. "Homepage".