La Soufrière (volcano)

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Not to be confused with Soufrière Hills or La Grande Soufrière.
La Soufrière
Soufriere.jpg
Elevation 1,234 m (4,049 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,234 m (4,049 ft)[1]
Listing Country high point
Location
La Soufrière is located in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
La Soufrière
La Soufrière
Location in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Location Saint Vincent, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, West Indies
Coordinates 13°20′N 61°11′W / 13.333°N 61.183°W / 13.333; -61.183Coordinates: 13°20′N 61°11′W / 13.333°N 61.183°W / 13.333; -61.183
Geology
Type Stratovolcano (active)
Volcanic arc/belt Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc
Last eruption April to October 1979
Climbing
Easiest route From the windward (Atlantic) side

La Soufrière (“The Sulfurer”) or Soufrière Saint Vincent is an active volcano on the island of Saint Vincent in the Windward Islands of the Caribbean.

Geography and structure[edit]

At 1,234 m (4,049 ft), La Soufrière is the highest peak on Saint Vincent as well as the highest point in the island country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.[1] Soufrière is a stratovolcano with a crater lake and is the island's youngest and northernmost volcano.

Eruptive history[edit]

Volcanic dust from Mount Soufriere, 1902

La Soufrière violently erupted in 1718, 1812, 1902, 1971, and 1979. The eruption of May 7, 1902, just hours before the eruption of Mount Pelée on Martinique, killed 1,680 people. The death zone, where almost all persons were killed, was close to entirely Carib. This last large remnant of Carib culture was destroyed,[2] the island of Dominica's Carib Territory being much smaller in comparison at that time.

The last recorded eruption was in April 1979; due to advance warning there were no casualties.[citation needed]

Many volcanoes in the Caribbean are named Soufrière (French: "sulphur outlet"). These include Soufrière Hills on Montserrat and La Grande Soufrière on Guadeloupe.[citation needed]

A famous painting by JMW Turner of the eruption on 13th April 1812 belongs to the Victoria Art Gallery and Museum, University of Liverpool.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "La Soufrière" on Peakbagger.com Retrieved 1 October 2011
  2. ^ Frederick Albion Ober, Our West Indian Neighbors: The Islands of the Caribbean Sea, " America's Mediterranean", 2010 republish of 1908 book by Nabu Press ISBN 978-1-145-31194-7 book