Soul Makossa

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"Soul Makossa[1]"
Single by Manu Dibango
from the album Soul Makossa LP
Released 1972
Format 7", 12"
Recorded 1971
Genre Jazz-funk
Proto-disco
Afrofunk
Afrobeat
Length 4:30 (original non-edited version)
Label Fiesta Records (France)
Atlantic Records (US)
London Records (UK/Canada)
BorderBlaster (Europe)
Writer(s) Manu Dibango
Manu Dibango singles chronology
"Soul Makossa"
(1972)
"Pêpê Soup"
(1973)

"Soul Makossa" is a song released as a single in 1972 by Cameroon saxophonist and songwriter, Manu Dibango. It is often cited as one of the first disco records. In 1972, David Mancuso found a copy in a Brooklyn West Indian record store and often played it at his Loft parties.[2] The response was so positive that the few copies of "Soul Makossa" in New York City were quickly purchased.[2] The song was subsequently played heavily by Frankie Crocker, who deejayed at WBLS, then New York's most popular black radio station.[2] Since the original release was so obscure, at least 23 groups quickly released cover versions to capitalize on the demand for the record.[2]

Later in 1972, American-based Atlantic Records licensed the original Manu Dibango version from French record label, Fiesta, and released it as a single (with the side-two track being "Lily"). The single would peak at #35 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1973; at one point, nine different versions of the song were on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart at the same time.[2][3][4] The song would also become an international hit leading to even more cover versions by various groups around the world.[4]

The song is probably best known for the chanted vocal refrain "ma-mako, ma-ma-sa, mako-mako ssa", which was adapted and used in songs by many prominent artists such as Michael Jackson on his track "Wanna Be Startin' Something" from his 1983 smash album Thriller and Rihanna on her 2007 hit single "Don't Stop the Music" from one of her most successful albums, Good Girl Gone Bad.

"Soul Makossa" was originally recorded as the B-side for "Mouvement Ewondo", a song about the Cameroon national football team.[4] Manu Dibango later recorded a new version for his 1994 album Wakafrika.

In 2011, a second version of the song entitled "Soul Makossa 2.0" was recorded in France by Manu Dibango and Wayne Beckford and was issued as the first single from Dibango's album, Past Present Future.

1973 US single[edit]

Track listing[edit]

  1. "Soul Makossa" (4:30)
  2. "Lily" (3:02)

Personnel[edit]

  • Manu Dibango (writer, arranger, vocals, saxophone)
  • Georges Arvanitas (piano)
  • Patrice Galas (piano)
  • Joby Jobs (drums)
  • Manfred Long (bass guitar)
  • Freddy Mars (percussion)
  • Manu Rodanet (electric guitar)
  • Pierre Zogo (acoustic guitar)

Charts[edit]

Chart Peak
position
US Billboard Hot 100 (1973)[5] #35
US Billboard Hot Soul Singles (1973)[5] #21

Adaptations and samples[edit]

The song's refrain consists of the phrase "ma-mako, ma-ma-sa, mako-mako ssa", which is a play in the word "Makossa", Dibango's main music genre. After the popularization of the song, the phrase was adapted and used in several popular songs including the following:[6][7][8]

Cover versions[edit]

  • Catelli Trinidad All Stars Steel Orchestra (Village)
  • Fania All Stars Live San Juan 73[9](Fania, 2009)
  • Guerra '78 (Discolando)
  • Jablonski (Randy's)
  • Babatunde Olatunji (Paramount, 1973)
  • Lafayette Afro Rock Band (Musidisc, 1973)
  • Afrique (Mainstream Records ‎1973)
  • Mighty Tom Cats (Paul Winley)
  • Pop Highlife Band (Makossa)
  • Saviñon, Victor (Oro Disco)
  • The Afrosound (Discos Fuentes, 1973)
  • Zamot, Johnny (Mericana)
  • Afrika Bambaataa (Tommy Boy, 2004)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Manu Dibango discography". Discogs.com. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Shapiro, Peter (2005). Turn the Beat Around: the Secret History of Disco. New York: Faber and Faber, Inc. p. 35. 
  3. ^ Marsh, Dave (1999). The Heart of Rock and Soul: The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made. Da Capo Press. p. 548. 
  4. ^ a b c Broughton, Simon; Ellingham, Mark (2000). World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. p. 441. 
  5. ^ a b "Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. 
  6. ^ "Manu Dibango Music Sampled By Others". WhoSampled. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  7. ^ Ethan Hein. ""Soul Makossa" Sample Map". Flickr. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  8. ^ Ben Zimmer (26 June 2009). "Ma ma se, ma ma sa, ma ma coo sa". Language Log. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  9. ^ Amazon

External links[edit]