Souli

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Souli
Σούλι
Location
Souli is located in Greece
Souli
Souli
Coordinates 39°22′N 20°38′E / 39.367°N 20.633°E / 39.367; 20.633Coordinates: 39°22′N 20°38′E / 39.367°N 20.633°E / 39.367; 20.633
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Epirus
Regional unit: Thesprotia
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 10,063
 - Area: 501.9 km2 (194 sq mi)
 - Density: 20 /km2 (52 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 458
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)

Souli (Greek: Σούλι) is a municipality in Epirus, northwestern Greece. It was originally settled by both Greek and Albanian refugees who were hunted by the Ottomans in Thesprotia, Greece and Laberia, Albania. In early modern times, it was inhabited by about 12,000 Souliotes.[2][3][4] After their expulsion the population of the region was significantly reduced. In the 18th and 19th century, the citizens of Souli rebelled against the Ottoman occupation.

The seat of the municipality is the village Paramythia.[5]

Name[edit]

The origin of the name Souli is uncertain. In the earliest historical text about Souli, written by Christoforos Peraivos in 1803, an oral tradition of the locals is recorded. According to this, the first settlers of Souli were shepherds who came from a village called Gardiki trying to avoid the Ottoman oppression. A certain Muslim ("Turk" in the text) named Soulis attempted to expel the early Souliotes from there but the latter resisted with arms. In the battle they killed Soulis and since then the area was named Souli.[6]

Municipality[edit]

The present municipality Souli was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[5]

Province[edit]

The province of Souli (Greek: Επαρχία Σουλίου) was one of the provinces of Thesprotia. It had the same territory as the present municipality.[7] It was abolished in 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ Vickers, Miranda. The Albanians: A Modern History. I.B. Tauris, 1999. ISBN 1-86064-541-0, p. 20.
  3. ^ Ruches, Pyrrhus J. Albanian Historical Folksongs, 1716-1943: A Survey of Oral Epic Poetry from Southern Albania, with Original Texts. Argonaut, 1967, p. 20.
  4. ^ Sakellariou, M. V. Epirus, 4000 Years of Greek History and Civilization. Ekdotikē Athēnōn, 1997, ISBN 960-213-371-6, p. 248.
  5. ^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  6. ^ Peraivos Christoforos, History of Souli and Parga, 1815 edition, Venice, p. 18 (pdf 34). In Greek
  7. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)