Souls is an award-winning 1982 science fiction novella by Joanna Russ. It was first published in the Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction in January 1982, and subsequently republished in Terry Carr's The Best Science Fiction of the Year 12, in Russ's 1984 collection Extra(ordinary) People, as well as in the first volume of the Isaac Asimov/Martin H. Greenberg-edited anthology The New Hugo Winners, and in 1989 as half of a Tor Double Novel (with "Houston, Houston, Do You Read?" by James Tiptree, Jr.).
In 12th-century Germany, Radulphus tells the story of Radegunde, abbess of the abbey where he spent his childhood, and of what she did "when the Norsemen came" — and of how he discovered her true nature.
- 1983 Hugo Awards, at TheHugoAwards.org; retrieved February 3, 2014
- The best science fiction of the year: #12, at the Toronto Public Library; retrieved February 3, 2014
- Russ, Joanna at The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction; edited by John Clute; published November 16, 2013; retrieved February 3, 2014
- The New Hugo Winners, record number 281856, at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database; retrieved February 3, 2014
- "A Checklist of the Tor Doubles", by Christopher P. Stephens; published 1993 by Ultramarine Publishing
- Reading Joanna Russ: Extra(ordinary) People (1984), Part 1, by Brit Mandelo; at Tor.com; published January 10, 2012; retrieved February 3, 2014
- Joanna Russ (1937-2011), at Locus; published April 29, 2011; retrieved February 3, 2014
- When Science Fiction Changed: Joanna Russ, In Memoriam, by Stephen Burt; in the Beacon Broadside; published May 20, 2011; retrieved February 3, 2014