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The term Sound-on-disc refers to a class of sound film processes using a phonograph or other disc to record or playback sound in sync with a motion picture. Early sound-on-disc systems used a mechanical interlock with the movie projector, while more recent systems use timecode.
- The Chronophone (Léon Gaumont) "broadcasting" "Filmparlants" and phonoscènes 1902–1910 (experimental), 1910–1917 (industrial)
- Vitaphone introduced by Warner Brothers in 1926
- Phono-Kinema short-lived system invented by Orlando Kellum in 1921
- Digital Theater Sound
- early systems with the film projector linked to a phonograph, developed by Thomas Edison (Kinetaphone, Kinetaphonograph), Selig Polyscope, French companies such as Gaumont (Chronomégaphone and Chronophone) and Pathé, and British systems.
- Thomas Louis Jacques Schmitt, « The genealogy of clip culture » in Henry Keazor, Thorsten Wübbena (dir.) Rewind, Play, Fast Forward, transcript, ISBN 978-3-8376-1185-4
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