South Africa national cricket team
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
South Africa cricket crest
|Test status granted||1889|
|First Test match||v England at Port Elizabeth, March 1889|
|Captain||Graeme Smith (Test)
AB de Villiers (ODI)
Faf du Plessis (T20)
|Official ICC Test, ODI and T20I ranking||1st (Test)
5th (T20) 
– This year
|Last Test match||vs Pakistan at SuperSport Park|
– This year
As of 24 February 2013
The South African national cricket team, nicknamed the Proteas, represent South Africa in international cricket. They are administrated by Cricket South Africa.
South Africa is a full member of the International Cricket Council, also known as ICC, with Test and One Day International, or ODI, status. As of 24 February 2013, the South African team has played 377 Test matches, winning 137 (36.33%), losing 126 (33.42%) and drawing 114 (30.24%) of its games.
As of 24 February 2013, the South African team has played 478 ODI Matches, winning 297 (62.13%), losing 163 (34.1%), drawing 5 (1.04%) and getting a "No Result" in 13 (2.72%) of its games.
On 28 August 2012 South Africa became the first team to be number 1 in all 3 formats of the game
The South African cricket team toured England in 1947. At Nottingham, Captain Alan Melville and vice-captain, Dave Nourse achieved a Test match record for a third wicket partnership of 319. The following year Nourse, 38 year old captain of Natal, was appointed Captain for the 1948 MCC Test matches in South Africa.
In 1970, the ICC voted to suspend South Africa from international cricket indefinitely because of its government's policy of apartheid, a policy which led them to play only against the white nations (England, Australia, New Zealand), and field only white players. This decision excluded players such as Graeme Pollock, Barry Richards and Mike Procter from partaking in international Test Cricket. It would also cause the emigration of future stars like Allan Lamb and Robin Smith, who both played for England, and Kepler Wessels, who initially played for Australia, before returning to South Africa.
The ICC reinstated South Africa as a Test nation in 1991 after the deconstruction of apartheid, and the team played its first sanctioned match since 1970 (and its first ever One-Day International) against India in Calcutta on 10 November 1991. South Africa's first test match after re-admission was against the West Indies in April 1992. The match was played in Bridgetown, Barbados and South Africa lost by 52 runs.
Since South Africa have been reinstated they have achieved mixed success, and hosted the International Cricket Council Cricket World Cup in 2003. However, it is widely believed[by whom?] the sides containing the likes of Allan Donald, Shaun Pollock, Gary Kirsten and Hansie Cronje grossly underachieved, gaining a reputation as "chokers", due to them reaching the semi-finals of the Cricket World Cup three times, but failing to progress into the finals. In the second part of the 1990s, South Africa had the highest winning percentage in ODIs of any team, but they were knocked out of the 1996 World Cup in the quarter-finals, and then were eliminated on countback after tying their semi-final against Australia in 1999. In 2003, South Africa were one of the favourites but were eliminated by one run in the group stages after they had mistakenly counted the number of runs they needed.
With Donald retiring, Cronje banned for match-fixing and later dead in a plane crash, and Pollock also retiring from international cricket, the team has once again changed shape. It is currently captained by Graeme Smith, although following injuries to Smith and Jacques Kallis, Ashwell Prince deputised as Test captain on 12 July 2006. At the age of 29, he became the first non-white man to captain the once all-white South African cricket team. Due to a racial quota policy, the side was once required to contain black players, unlike the past. However, that policy was rescinded in 2007.
South Africa has a record of failing to win major tournaments and is much-maligned because of this. The 1992 Cricket World Cup, for example, featured a rain-affected semi-final played before the introduction of the Duckworth-Lewis rain rule. South Africa needed 22 runs from 13 balls when rain intervened. After the delay they were left in the situation of requiring 22 runs from one ball in order to progress. In 1996 they were eliminated in the quarter-finals despite being one of the fancied teams and having qualified first in their group.
South Africa hosted the 2003 Cricket World Cup, but failed to progress beyond the group stage due to a misunderstanding of how many runs they needed to score in a rain-affected run chase. As a result of this, Shaun Pollock resigned as captain and was replaced by young batsman Graeme Smith, although Pollock continued to play for the team. Under Smith's leadership, South Africa has achieved some success, although they have been hampered by the retirements of many star players, including fast bowler Allan Donald and one-day specialist Jonty Rhodes. As a result, they had a poor 2004, only winning against the West Indies.
In the 2007 World Cup they had a rollercoaster ride that included dominant wins over England, the West Indies, Ireland, Netherlands and Scotland, and a narrow win over Sri Lanka, but devastating losses to Australia, New Zealand and Bangladesh that cost them the number one ranking. Then they bowed out in the semifinals with their lowest ever score in a World Cup as Australia bowled them out for 149 and won by 7 wickets.
In the 2011 World Cup, South Africa topped Group B with the distinction of bowling out every side they played within the 50 over limit. In the quarter final they were beaten by New Zealand after suffering a dramatic collapse and losing eight wickets for 68 runs. They also hold the record of the highest successful run chase and made the highest total (the latter record has been surpassed) in One-Day Internationals (438-9 in 49.5 overs), in an iconic match against Australia on 12 March 2006. This game is considered by many to be the greatest One-Day International ever played.
South Africa beat Netherlands by 231 runs in Mohali in Group matches in ICC World Cup 2011, The 231-run win is the fourth largest margin of victory for any team in World Cups and the largest for South Africa in World Cups. It is also the second largest margin of victory for South Africa in ODIs on 3 March 2011. The 87-run stand between JP Duminy and Colin Ingram is the highest for the sixth wicket for South Africa in World Cups. The highest sixth-wicket stand for South Africa in ODIs is the 137 between Hansie Cronje and Shaun Pollock against Zimbabwe in 1997. The triumph is South Africa's seventh by a fringe of hundred or more runs in World Cups.
Tournament history 
World Cup 
For World Cups from 1975 to 1987 inclusive, South Africa was not an ICC member, and therefore ineligible to compete in the tournament.
- 1992: Semi Finals - vs England
- 1996: Quarter Finals - vs West Indies
- 1999: Semi Finals - vs Australia
- 2003: First round
- 2007: Semi Finals - vs Australia
- 2011: Quarter finals - vs New Zealand
ICC World Twenty20 
ICC Champions Trophy 
- 1998: Winners
- 2000: Semi Finals
- 2002: Semi Finals
- 2004: First round
- 2006: Semi Finals
- 2009: First round
Commonwealth Games 
- 1998: Gold medal
This lists all the players who have played for South Africa during the year ending 31 March 2012, and the form(s) in which they have played.
- S/N = Shirt number
Coaching Staff 
- Head Coach: Russell Domingo
- Bowling Coach: Allan Donald
- Mental Conditioning Coach: Paddy Upton
- Massage Therapist & Logistics Manager: Riaan Muller
- Team's Manager: Mohammed Moosajee
See also 
- History of Test cricket from 1884 to 1889
- History of Test cricket from 1890 to 1900
- International cricket in South Africa from 1971 to 1981
- List of South Africa test matches
- "Results summary". Stats.espncricinfo.com. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- "Records | 2012 - South Africa | Records by calendar year". Stats.espncricinfo.com. Unknown parameter
- Cricinfo Test Team Records page retrieved on 24 February 2013
- Cricinfo ODI  retrieved 24 February 2013
- The Times, 27 October 1948, Cricket South Africa's Captain
- South Africa choke on their lines again Hugh Chevallier in Durban 20 September 2007 Cricinfo
- South Africa Remove Racial Quotas 7 November 2007 BBC Sport
- "Netherlands vs South Africa, ICC World Cup 2011".
- "South Africa vs Ireland, ICC World Cup 2011".