South African Grand Prix

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This article is about the Formula One race. For other uses, see South African Grand Prix (disambiguation).
South African Grand Prix
Prince George Circuit (1934-1965)
Kyalami (1967-1993)
Race information
Number of times held 33
First held 1934
Last held 1993
Most wins (drivers) United Kingdom Jim Clark (4)
Most wins (constructors) United Kingdom Lotus (6)
Last race (1993)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The South African Grand Prix was first run as a Grand Prix motor racing handicap race in 1934 at the Prince George Circuit at East London, Eastern Cape Province. It drew top drivers from Europe including Bernd Rosemeyer, Richard "Dick" Seaman, Richard Shuttleworth and the 1939 winner Luigi Villoresi.

World War II brought an end to the race, but it was revived in 1960 as part of the Formula One circuit, entering the World Championship calendar two years later. It was a popular F1 event, but racing was put on hiatus there right after the controversial 1985 race due to the policy of apartheid.[1]

Following the end of apartheid in 1991, two further races were held in 1992 and 1993. The South African Grand Prix has not been held since.

History[edit]

Prince George Circuit (Built in 1959)
Layout of all versions of the Prince George Circuit
Brown = 1934, Blue = 1936, Black = 1959
Kyalami (Built in 1967)
Kyalami (Built in early 1990s)

East London (1934-1939, 1960-1966)[edit]

The first South African Grands Prix were held on a circuit of 23.4 km that ran trough different populated areas of the coastal city of East London. This was shortened to 17.7 km in 1936. After World War II, when racing was halted, a permanent circuit was built in 1959. The first South African F1 race was held on 29 December 1962. In that race, Graham Hill took advantage of Jim Clark's mechanical problems with his Lotus and took race victory and the championship. The race was held at Prince George again in 1963 and 1965. In 1967, the race was moved to the Kyalami circuit near the high-altitude inland city of Johannesburg in the Transvaal, where it would remain as long as the South African Grand Prix was on the official Formula One calendar.

Kyalami (1967-1985)[edit]

The fast and spectacular Kyalami circuit, which was built in the early 1960s, played host to its first South African Grand Prix in 1967, where local privateer John Love nearly took victory but ran into fuel problems late in the race, and Mexican Pedro Rodriguez took victory. 1968 saw Clark take victory; he broke Juan Manuel Fangio's record for most career wins and it turned out to be his last F1 victory; he was killed at a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim later that year. 1969 saw Jackie Stewart win, and the following year 44-year old veteran Jack Brabham won his last F1 race. 1971 saw American Mario Andretti won his first F1 race in a Ferrari. 1974 saw American Peter Revson crash horribly at Barbeque Bend during testing for the race and slam head-on to the barriers; he later died from his injuries. Argentine Carlos Reutemann won for the first time at that year's event. 1975 saw homegrown hero Jody Scheckter take victory. The 1977 event was the location of one of the most gruesome crashes in history, as Tom Pryce was killed when he hit and killed track marshal Jansen Van Vuuren at full speed in 1977. Niki Lauda won the race, but the accident sent shock waves throughout the sport. 1978 saw Ronnie Peterson take a late victory from Patrick Depailler and Riccardo Patrese; and the 1979 event was held in changeable weather conditions and was won by Canadian Gilles Villeneuve.

Going into the 1980s, turbo-charged cars began to dominate the Grand Prix. Because of the high altitude of the fast Kyalami circuit (approx. 6,000 feet above sea level) the forced induction turbo engines could regulate how much air went into the engine whereas the normally aspirated engines could not, the turbo-charged engines had a horsepower advantage in 1982 of 150 hp over the normally aspirated engines, and often qualified on the front row of the grid considerably faster than the normally aspirated engined cars; and the Renault team dominated both the 1980 and 1982 races; Frenchman Alain Prost won the 1982 race after he lost a wheel around mid-distance; he charged through the field and took victory from Carlos Reutemann.[2] The 1981 event was a victim of the FISA-FOCA war. As agreement could not be reached with FISA for the Grand Prix to be run as a round of the Formula One World Championship or as a non-championship Formula One race, it was officially staged as a Formula Libre event. Consequently it was contested only by the FOCA-aligned teams, with cars which did not strictly comply with the 1981 Formula One regulations.[3] The 1983 event was the last race of that season, and it saw a three-way battle for the driver's championship between Prost, Brazilian Nelson Piquet and Frenchman Rene Arnoux. Prost and Arnoux both went out with engine problems and Piquet took 3rd place and the driver's championship; Prost made scathing comments about Renault's conservative approach to developing the car, and he was fired from the team. Piquet's Italian teammate Riccardo Patrese won the race. 1984 saw the event take place early in the season, and Prost (now driving for McLaren) started from the pit lane in the spare car after his race car didn't start. This was made legal when the first start was aborted after Briton Nigel Mansell stalled on the grid. Prost drove through the field to finish 2nd behind his teammate Niki Lauda. Briton Derek Warwick completed the podium in a Renault and Brazilian future world champion Ayrton Senna scored his first point in a Toleman, finishing 6th.

The 1985 race was mired in international controversy as nations began boycotting South African sporting events because of racial segregation in the country, called apartheid. Most people involved in Formula One were strongly against going to race in South Africa. Some governments tried to ban their drivers from going,[4] and the Ligier and Renault teams did boycott the race in line with the French government's ban on sporting events in South Africa;[5] however French drivers Alain Prost, who had wrapped up the 1985 championship in the previous race,[6] and Philippe Steriff, both driving for British teams, did take part. British driver Nigel Mansell won his second consecutive Formula One race and his teammate Keke Rosberg stormed around the track after 2 pitstops to take 2nd, completing a 1-2 for the Williams team.[6] 1985 was the final South African Grand Prix until the end of apartheid, with FIA president Jean-Marie Balestre announcing days after the race that a Grand Prix would not return to the nation because of apartheid.[1]

Brief return (1992-1993)[edit]

After the end of apartheid in 1991, Formula One returned to Kyalami for two Grands Prix in 1992 and 1993. The 1992 event was dominated by Mansell and the 1993 running saw an intense battle between Prost, Ayrton Senna and Michael Schumacher, with Prost taking victory. In July 1993 Kyalami was sold to the South African Automobile Association, which managed to run the facility at a profit; however running a Formula One event proved too costly and the Grand Prix did not return.

The only South African driver to win the South African Grand Prix was Jody Scheckter in 1975. British driver Jim Clark won it 4 times and Austrian driver Niki Lauda won 3 times.

Winners of the South African Grand Prix[edit]

Multiple winners (drivers)[edit]

Embolded drivers are still competing in the Formula One championship
A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

# Wins Driver Years Won
4 United Kingdom Jim Clark 1961, 1963, 1965, 1968
3 Austria Niki Lauda 1976, 1977, 1984
2 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1969, 1973
Argentina Carlos Reutemann 1974, 1981
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1985, 1992
France Alain Prost 1982, 1993

Multiple winners (constructors)[edit]

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
Embolded teams are still competing in the Formula One championship

# Wins Constructor Years Won[7]
6 United Kingdom Lotus 1961, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1978
4 Italy Ferrari 1971, 1976, 1977, 1979
United Kingdom Williams 1981, 1985, 1992, 1993
2 Italy Maserati 1934, 1939
United Kingdom Cooper 1960, 1967
United Kingdom Brabham 1970, 1983
United Kingdom Tyrrell 1973, 1975
France Renault 1980, 1982
United Kingdom McLaren 1972, 1984

By year[edit]

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

A map of all the locations of the South African Grand Prix.
Year Driver Constructor Location Report
1993 France Alain Prost Williams-Renault Kyalami Report
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Report
1991
-
1986
Not held
1985 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Kyalami Report
1984 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG Report
1983 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW Report
1982 France Alain Prost Renault Report
1981 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Williams-Ford Report
1980 France René Arnoux Renault Report
1979 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Report
1978 Sweden Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Report
1977 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Report
1976 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Report
1975 South Africa Jody Scheckter Tyrrell-Ford Report
1974 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford Report
1973 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Report
1972 New Zealand Denny Hulme McLaren-Ford Report
1971 United States Mario Andretti Ferrari Report
1970 Australia Jack Brabham Brabham-Ford Report
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Report
1968 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Ford Report
1967 Mexico Pedro Rodriguez Cooper-Maserati Report
1966 United Kingdom Mike Spence Lotus-Climax East London Report
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London Report
1964 Not held
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London Report
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill BRM Report
1961 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London Report
1960[8] United Kingdom Stirling Moss Porsche Report
Belgium Paul Frère Cooper-Climax Report
1959
-
1940
Not held
1939 Italy Luigi Villoresi Maserati 6CM East London Report
1938 United Kingdom Buller Meyer Riley Report
1937 United Kingdom Pat Fairfield ERA-B Report
1936 Italy Mario Massacuratti Bugatti 35B Report
1935 Not held
1934 United States Whitney Straight Maserati 8CM 3.0L East London Report

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b AUTO RACING; [3 STAR Edition] Compiled from wire reports by Ken Paskman. Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Fla.: 24 October 1985. pg. B.2
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ The one that didn't count Retrieved from forix.autosport.com on 9 February 2010
  4. ^ Martin, Gordon. "The Apartheid Controversy Reaches Formula 1 Racing". San Francisco Chronicle [FINAL Edition]. San Francisco, Calif.: 17 September 1985. pg. 63
  5. ^ Walker, Rob. Road & Track. "Tiger, Tiger" New York: Feb 1986. Vol. 37, Iss. 6; pg. 122
  6. ^ a b Newswire; [Home Edition 2] Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext). Los Angeles, Calif.: 20 October 1985. pg. 20
  7. ^ Official Formula One website. "1950 – present race results archives". Retrieved 2006-08-23. 
  8. ^ There were two South African Grands Prix in 1960. Reference

Resource[edit]