South African general election, 1974

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South African general election, 1974
South Africa
1970 ←
24 April 1974 (1974-04-24)
→ 1977

All 171 seats in the House of Assembly
  First party Second party
  John Vorster.jpg Sir De Villiers Graaff.jpg
Leader B. J. Vorster De Villiers Graaff
Party National United
Last election 118 seats 47 seats
Seats won 123 41
Seat change Increase5 Decrease6

Prime Minister before election

B. J. Vorster
National

Elected Prime Minister

B. J. Vorster
National

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The 1974 South African general election, held on 24 April, was called one year earlier than scheduled by Prime Minister John Vorster on 4 February. The House of Assembly was increased from 166 to 171 members. The Progressive Party made a major advance. In addition to Helen Suzman, re-elected for Houghton, five other members won seats including the party leader Colin Eglin. A seventh member of the caucus was elected at a by-election soon after. The United Party won 41 seats. The election would also see Harry Schwarz, leader of the United Party in the Transvaal, enter Parliament, who would soon lead a break away from the United Party and would become one of the Apartheid's most prominent opponents in Parliament.

Formation of Reform Party[edit]

On 11 February 1975 four liberal MPs led by Harry Schwarz broke away from the United Party and created the Reform Party. The party merged with the Progressive Party on 25 July 1975 to form the Progressive Reform Party. In 1977 another group of United Party members left the party to form the Committee for a United Opposition, which then joined the Progressive Reform Party to form the Progressive Federal Party. This proved to realign the opposition in Parliament, as the PFP became the official opposition party.

Nominations[edit]

Nominations closed on 18 March. A total of 334 candidates were nominated for 171 seats: National Party 137, United Party 110, Herstigte Nasionale Party 46, Progressive Party 23, Democratic Party 7 and others 11.[1] 46 seats were won unopposed, 32 for the National Party and 14 for the United Party.

House of Assembly results[edit]

125 of the 171 seats were contested. There were 2 203 349 registered voters. [2]

Party Leader Candidates Votes %Votes Seats %Seats Previous Change
  National Party John Vorster 105 636 586 57.1% 123 71.9% 118 +5
  United Party De Villiers Graaff 96 363 459 32.7% 41 24.0% 47 -6
  Progressive Party Colin Eglin 22 58 768 5.3% 7 4.1% 1 +6
  Herstigte Nasionale Party Albert Hertzog 48 39 568 3.6% 0.0% 0
  Democratic Party Theo Gerdener 7 10 449 0.9% 0.0% 0
  Others 15 4 990 0.4% 0.0% 0
Total valid 293 1 113 820 100.0% 171 100.0% 166 +5
Spoilt 20 823
Total votes 1 134 643

Senate[edit]

The elections for the Senate were held on 30 May 1974 by an electoral college made up of members of the Assembly and various others. The National Party gained one seat at the expense of the United Party, winning 32 of the 44 seats (the United Party held 12 seats).

Seats
  National Party 32 +1
  United Party 12 —1
Total 44

Sources[edit]