South African municipal election, 2011

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Two ballot papers from the 2011 South African municipal election in Cape Town. The ballot on the left is for the party-list proportional representation vote for the Cape Town City Council and the ballot on the right is for the election of the local councillor in Ward 59.

Municipal elections were held in South Africa on 18 May 2011,[1] electing new councils for all municipalities in the country. Municipal elections are held every five years,[2] and the previous municipal elections were held in 2006. The first municipal elections following the reorganisation of municipalities took place in December 2000.

Half of the seats (rounded up for odd numbers) in each municipality are elected on the first past the post system in single member wards. The other half of the seats are allocated to restore proportionality as follows:

The total number of seats are allocated using the largest remainder method by using a modified Hare quota. Proportional seats are allocated based on the difference. Overhang seats are theoretically possible. These do not affect the quota but will reduce the number of remainder seats if any. Independent candidates are allowed for in the ward seats, and the proportionality calculations effectively ignore votes for these candidates and are adjusted for seats allocated to them.[3]

Background[edit]

People protesting the provision of unenclosed toilets. The issue of unenclosed toilets provided by local councils to the poor was an important election issue that became symbolic of poor service delivery in general.

The ruling party of South Africa, the African National Congress (ANC), has been facing a growing opposition from the Democratic Alliance (DA). The DA holds control of the Western Cape area, with Cape Town the major city of the province. The DA had made it known that there was a possibility of victory in the Northern Cape province.[4]

The ANC faced tough challenges from the opposition parties over issues of service delivery, corruption, healthcare reform, poverty and unemployment rates.

The Congress of the People (COPE) (a breakaway party formed from within the ANC) and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) were determined to prove that they could increase their control in areas as well. Various other parties were expected to contest the elections as well; however, based on previous elections and expected changes since then, they are expected to hold a minority power relative to the ANC, DA, Cope and IFP parties respectively.

The election was generally peaceful, with the exception of an attack on an IFP councilor that resulted in his death.[5]

Cities[edit]

DA leader Helen Zille attempted to improve her party's success at multi-party governance in Cape Town and also bring the ANC's support under 50% in other major cities. Initial reports suggested that Port Elizabeth was the most vulnerable for the ANC, with Pretoria, Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni and almost all municipalities in the Northern Cape facing stiff challenges from the DA and COPE.

Port Elizabeth lies in a unique region roughly at the border between the Black and Coloured (i.e. mixed raced) population groups. It was predicted that there would be a strong effort from minorities in the city to try to gain control of the council. Although the Nelson Mandela Bay municipality is over 60% black, the DA hoped that by using COPE and the United Democratic Movement, the vote for the ANC could have possibly been lowered under 50% (i.e. minority power) enabling the DA to form a coalition with smaller parties and assume governance of the area. The Nelson Mandela Bay municipality was heavily contested in the elections with the ANC managing to secure 63 seats to the DA's 48 seats. Zille attributed the failure of the DA to win the metro to the decline of COPE, claiming that the latter's retention of votes could have unseated the ANC allowing a coalition government in the metro.[6]

Election campaign posters for the African National Congress and the Democratic Alliance.

Election boycott[edit]

The Poor People's Alliance called for a boycott of the election under the slogan No Land! No House! No Vote!.[7]

There were vote boycott campaigns by a number of civil society organisations including Soundz of the South, the Mandela Park Backyarders, the Mitchell's Plain Backyarders Association and various communities such as Blikkiesdorp in Western Cape, Morutsi in Limpopo, King William's Town and Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape, Cato Ridge in KwaZulu-Natal, Ermelo in Mpumalanga and elsewhere around the country.[8]

There was also significant abstention by ANC members and supporters who felt the selection of ANC candidates was biased but refused to vote for any other party.[9]

Election results[edit]

The statistics in this section are all sourced from the Independent Electoral Commission's official website unless specified otherwise.

Map showing the outcome of the election in the metropolitan and local municipalities
Map showing the party of the elected councillor in each ward.
  ANC
  DA
  IFP
  NFP
  Other party
  Independent

The voter turnout for this election was predicted to be higher than the previous election in 2006. 23.65 million people were registered to vote (with more than five million people eligible to vote not being registered),[10] while the actual turnout of voters was 13.66 million people representing a 57.64% turnout, making it the highest voter turnout ever since the first municipal election in 2000.[11] The percentage of spoilt votes was 1.89%.

The ANC won just under 62% of the vote and the DA won just under 24% of the vote.[12] There was a decline in ANC support and an increase in support for the DA as the ANC lost voters in every province with the exception of Kwa-ZuluNatal where it captured votes from former IFP voters.[13]

Party Ward PR Ward + PR DC
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
African National Congress 8,143,397 61.0% 8,405,429 62.9% 16,548,826 62.0% 5,455,411 69.4%
Democratic Alliance 3,177,883 23.8% 3,216,006 24.1% 6,393,886 23.9% 1,202,562 15.3%
Inkatha Freedom Party 478,400 3.6% 475,621 3.6% 954,021 3.6% 406,319 5.2%
National Freedom Party 326,565 2.4% 318,352 2.4% 644,917 2.4% 247,340 3.1%
Congress of the People 274,074 2.1% 296,624 2.2% 570,698 2.1% 236,396 3.0%
United Democratic Movement 83,728 0.6% 84,623 0.6% 168,351 0.6% 67,487 0.9%
African Christian Democratic Party 86,865 0.7% 78,737 0.6% 165,602 0.6% 43,948 0.6%
Freedom Front Plus 66,588 0.5% 53,931 0.4% 120,519 0.5% 32,640 0.4%
Pan Africanist Congress 63,976 0.5% 54,846 0.4% 118,822 0.4% 28,918 0.4%
Minority Front 60,153 0.5% 53,042 0.4% 113,195 0.4% 958 0.0%
African People's Convention 38,159 0.3% 54,332 0.4% 92,491 0.3% 22,650 0.3%
United Christian Democratic Party 25,031 0.2% 25,971 0.2% 51,002 0.2% 466 0.0%
Azanian People's Organisation 24,331 0.2% 26,300 0.2% 50,631 0.2% 19,202 0.2%
108 other parties 202,595 1.5% 213,697 1.6% 416,292 1.6% 93,512 1.2%
Independent 302,242 2.3% N/A 302,242 1.1% N/A
Total 13,353,987 13,357,511 26,711,498 7,857,809
Spoilt votes 235,014 235,345 470,359 196,248

Note: "Ward" column indicates votes cast for individual ward councillors. "PR" column indicates proportional representation votes cast for parties in the election of local and metropolitan municipal councils. "DC" column indicate proportional representation votes cast for parties for the directly elected components of district councils. All voters cast Ward and PR ballots, but those resident in the metropolitan municipalities (approximately 40% of the population) do not cast DC ballots.

Regional summary[edit]

Eastern Cape[edit]

In the Eastern Cape, all but one municipality was won by the ANC; the lone exception, Baviaans, was won by the DA with four seats to the ANC's three. The Nelson Mandela Bay Metro was closely contested however, with the ANC dropping 15% of the vote, but retaining a narrow majority.

Municipality ANC COPE DA UDM Others Total
Buffalo City 71 3 21 0 5 100
Nelson Mandela Bay 63 6 48 1 2 120
Camdeboo 8 0 6 0 0 14
Blue Crane Route 7 0 4 0 0 11
Ikwezi 5 0 2 0 0 7
Makana 20 1 6 0 1 28
Ndlambe 13 0 6 0 1 20
Sundays River Valley 12 0 3 0 1 16
Baviaans 3 0 4 0 0 7
Kouga 15 0 14 0 0 29
Kou-Kamma 6 0 5 0 0 11
Mbhashe 41 9 1 7 3 61
Mnquma 47 7 2 4 2 62
Great Kei 11 0 2 0 0 13
Amahlathi 33 3 2 0 2 40
Ngqushwa 24 0 1 0 0 25
Nkonkobe 35 2 2 0 2 41
Nxuba 5 0 2 0 1 8
Inxuba Yethemba 12 0 6 0 0 18
Tsolwana 7 1 1 0 1 10
Inkwanca 5 1 1 0 0 7
Lukhanji 45 2 5 1 1 54
Intsika Yethu 37 2 0 2 1 42
Emalahleni 30 1 1 1 1 34
Engcobo 35 0 0 3 2 40
Sakhisizwe 14 1 1 0 1 17
Elundini 28 0 2 2 2 34
Senqu 32 0 2 1 2 37
Maletswai 9 0 2 1 0 12
Gariep 7 0 3 0 0 10
Ngquza Hill 55 4 1 1 1 62
Port St Johns 32 1 2 1 3 39
Nyandeni 53 2 2 4 0 61
Mhlontlo 48 1 0 3 0 52
King Sabata Dalindyebo 46 2 2 18 2 70
Matatiele 39 2 3 1 7 52
Umzimvubu 46 1 2 2 3 54
Mbizana 54 2 1 1 3 61
Ntabankulu 31 2 1 1 1 36
Total 1084 56 169 55 51 1415

Free State[edit]

The ANC won every municipality in the Free State, including the newly upgraded Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality, in which it won 65 of the 97 available seats, against the DA's 26.

Municipality ANC COPE DA Others Total
Mangaung 65 3 26 3 97
Letsemeng 8 1 2 0 11
Kopanong 10 1 3 1 15
Mohokare 9 0 2 0 11
Naledi 6 1 1 0 8
Masilonyana 16 1 2 1 20
Tokologo 5 1 1 1 8
Tswelopele 12 1 2 0 15
Matjhabeng 52 3 16 1 72
Nala 18 2 3 1 24
Setsoto 26 2 6 1 35
Dihlabeng 30 1 8 1 40
Nketoana 14 0 2 2 18
Maluti-a-Phofung 52 1 4 12 69
Phumelela 12 0 3 0 15
Mantsopa 13 1 3 0 17
Moqhaka 34 3 11 2 50
Ngwathe 28 1 9 1 39
Metsimaholo 26 0 15 1 42
Mafube 12 2 3 0 17
Total 448 25 122 28 623

Gauteng[edit]

The ANC won all but one of the municipalities in Gauteng, the lone exception being Midvaal, which was won by the DA. The following table shows the number of seats won by the various parties in the metropolitan and local municipalities in the province.

Municipality ANC COPE DA IFP VF+ Others Total
Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 125 2 62 2 1 10 202
City of Johannesburg 153 3 90 4 1 9 260
City of Tshwane (Pretoria) 118 2 82 0 4 4 210
Emfuleni 64 1 21 0 1 2 89
Midvaal 11 0 15 0 1 0 27
Lesedi 19 0 6 0 1 0 26
Mogale City (Krugersdorp) 41 1 23 1 1 1 68
Randfontein 27 1 16 0 0 0 44
Westonaria 23 1 4 1 0 2 31
Merafong City 41 1 11 1 0 2 56
Total 622 11 330 9 10 30 1013

KwaZulu-Natal[edit]

Outcome of the election in KwaZulu-Natal
  ANC outright winner
  ANC largest party
  IFP outright winner
  IFP largest party
  NFP outright winner
  NFP largest party
  ANC, IFP tied

In the following table, green rows indicate municipalities won by the ANC, red rows indicate those won by the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), yellow rows indicate those won by the National Freedom Party (NFP), and grey rows indicate those with no majority party.

Municipality ANC DA IFP NFP Others Total
eThekwini 126 43 9 10 17 205
Vulamehlo 12 0 2 5 0 20
Umdoni 12 4 1 1 1 19
Umzumbe 26 1 2 8 1 38
uMuziwabantu 12 1 2 4 0 19
Ezingoleni 8 0 1 2 0 11
Hibiscus Coast 41 11 3 2 1 58
uMshwathi 19 2 3 2 0 26
uMngeni 14 9 0 0 0 23
Mpofana 5 1 1 0 0 7
Impendle 6 0 1 0 0 7
Msunduzi 49 15 4 4 1 73
Mkhambathini 9 1 3 1 0 14
Richmond 11 1 0 0 2 14
Emnambithi/Ladysmith 34 4 8 6 1 53
Indaka 6 0 8 6 0 20
Umtshezi 8 1 5 3 0 17
Okhahlamba 13 1 8 6 0 28
Imbabazane 12 1 5 7 0 25
Endumeni 6 3 2 1 0 12
Nquthu 14 1 14 5 0 34
Msinga 12 0 21 4 0 37
Umvoti 10 1 9 2 0 22
Newcastle 33 5 12 5 6 61
eMadlangeni 4 1 2 1 0 8
Dannhauser 11 1 6 3 1 22
eDumbe 4 1 2 8 0 15
uPhongolo 11 1 7 8 0 27
Abaqulusi 17 3 16 7 1 44
Nongoma 6 0 17 19 0 42
Ulundi 6 0 28 13 0 47
uMhlabuyalingana 22 0 8 4 0 34
Jozini 20 0 16 4 0 40
The Big Five False Bay 3 0 3 1 0 7
Hlabisa 4 0 8 4 0 16
Mtubatuba 16 0 15 7 0 38
Mbonambi 17 0 10 3 0 30
uMhlathuze 36 6 10 6 2 60
Ntambanana 7 0 6 3 0 16
uMlalazi 24 1 18 9 0 52
Mthonjaneni 5 0 5 1 0 11
Nkandla 11 0 13 3 0 27
Mandeni 23 1 4 6 0 34
KwaDukuza 37 8 4 2 2 53
Ndwedwe 25 1 5 5 1 37
Maphumulo 12 0 8 2 0 22
Ingwe 16 1 3 2 0 22
Kwa Sani 5 2 0 0 0 7
Greater Kokstad 12 3 0 0 1 16
Ubuhlebezwe 18 1 2 3 0 24
Umzimkhulu 36 0 1 2 1 40
Total 906 137 341 210 39 1633

Limpopo[edit]

The ANC's complete dominance of Limpopo remained unchallenged as other parties achieved only small minorities.

Municipality ANC COPE DA Others Total
Greater Giyani 50 0 2 8 60
Greater Letaba 51 4 1 1 57
Greater Tzaneen 59 2 5 2 68
Ba-Phalaborwa 29 2 4 1 36
Maruleng 19 2 2 4 27
Musina 9 1 0 2 12
Mutale 23 1 1 1 26
Thulamela 70 2 3 5 80
Makhado 64 3 5 3 75
Blouberg 37 1 2 1 41
Aganang 32 2 1 2 37
Molemole 24 1 1 1 27
Polokwane 61 3 9 3 76
Lepelle-Nkumpi 47 4 2 4 57
Thabazimbi 16 0 5 2 23
Lephalale 20 1 3 24
Mookgophong 6 1 2 1 10
Modimolle 13 0 4 1 18
Bela-Bela 12 0 4 1 17
Mogalakwena 53 2 5 3 63
Ephraim Mogale 23 1 2 6 32
Elias Motsoaledi 41 1 4 14 60
Makhuduthamaga 52 3 1 5 61
Fetakgomo 21 2 1 1 25
Greater Tubatse 50 3 3 6 62
Total 882 42 72 78 1074

Mpumalanga[edit]

The ANC's control of this province was not significantly challenged with the DA only gaining some support in the more urbanised municipalities.

Municipality ANC COPE DA Others Total
Albert Luthuli 44 1 3 1 49
Msukaligwa 31 1 5 1 38
Mkhondo 28 0 6 4 38
Pixley ka Seme 16 0 3 2 21
Lekwa 23 0 6 1 30
Dipaleseng 7 0 2 3 12
Govan Mbeki 45 1 16 1 63
Delmas 13 0 3 1 17
Emalahleni 49 0 18 1 68
Steve Tshwete 39 1 17 1 58
Emakhazeni 11 0 4 0 15
Thembisile Hani 51 0 4 9 64
Dr JS Moroka 52 1 4 5 62
Thaba Chweu 20 0 6 1 27
Mbombela 66 0 10 2 78
Umjindi 15 0 3 0 18
Nkomazi 60 0 4 1 65
Bushbuckridge 55 3 3 13 74
Total 625 8 117 47 797

North West[edit]

The North West remains firmly under ANC control with the DA getting some support in the larger towns.

Municipality ANC COPE DA Others Total
Moretele 46 1 3 5 55
Madibeng 54 1 14 3 72
Rustenburg 55 1 15 5 76
Kgetlengrivier 9 0 3 12
Moses Kotane 49 4 3 6 62
Ratlou 22 2 1 3 28
Tswaing 22 0 7 1 30
Mafikeng 44 3 7 8 62
Ditsobotla 32 1 7 2 42
Ramotshere Moiloa 29 2 2 6 39
Naledi 12 1 5 0 18
Mamusa 12 1 2 0 15
Greater Taung 43 2 3 3 51
Lekwa-Teemane 10 1 3 0 14
Kagisano-Molopo 24 1 2 3 30
Ventersdorp 10 0 2 0 12
Tlokwe 30 1 19 2 52
Matlosana 51 1 16 2 70
Maquassi Hills 17 1 3 0 21
Total 571 24 117 49 761

Northern Cape[edit]

The ANC's control in this province was challenged only in the thinly populated Afrikaans speaking Karoo areas adjoining the DA dominated Western Cape. The more densely populated and Tswana dominated northern districts remain firmly in the hands of the ANC.

Municipality ANC COPE DA Others Total
Richtersveld 5 0 3 0 8
Nama Khoi 8 3 6 0 17
Kamiesberg 4 1 2 0 7
Hantam 4 1 4 0 9
Karoo Hoogland 3 2 2 0 7
Khâi-Ma 4 2 1 0 7
Ubuntu 4 1 3 0 8
Umsobomvu 7 2 1 0 10
Emthanjeni 7 1 5 1 14
Kareeberg 4 1 2 0 7
Renosterberg 4 2 1 0 7
Thembelihle 5 2 1 0 8
Siyathemba 4 2 1 0 7
Siyancuma 7 2 2 0 11
Mier 4 1 2 0 7
Kai !Garib 10 3 4 0 17
//Khara Hais 16 4 7 0 27
!Kheis 4 2 1 0 7
Tsantsabane 6 1 2 2 11
Kgatelopele 5 1 2 0 8
Sol Plaatje 40 5 16 1 62
Dikgatlong 10 1 2 0 13
Magareng 6 1 2 0 9
Phokwane 13 1 3 1 18
Joe Morolong 23 3 1 2 29
Ga-Segonyana 20 1 3 1 25
Gamagara 6 1 3 0 10
Total 233 47 82 8 370

Western Cape[edit]

Outcome of the election in the Western Cape
  DA outright winner
  DA largest party
  ANC outright winner
  ANC largest party
  ANC, DA tied
  ICOSA largest party
  KGP largest party

The Western Cape swung heavily to the DA, which won outright the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality, as well as 11 of the 24 local municipalities in the province. In a further four local municipalities the DA was the largest party but did not hold a majority of seats. The ANC won outright only the Beaufort West Local Municipality, and was the largest party in the Cederberg Local Municipality but did not hold a majority there. Five local municipalities were evenly split between the ANC and the DA, with other parties holding the balance of power. In the Kannaland Local Municipality, the Independent Civic Organisation of South Africa won a plurality of three seats while the ANC and the DA won two each; a similar situation obtained in the Prince Albert Local Municipality, where the Karoo Gemeenskaps Party won three seats and the ANC and the DA two each.

In the following table, blue rows indicate municipalities won by the DA, green rows indicate those won by the ANC, and grey rows indicate those with no majority party.

Municipality ANC COPE DA Others Total
City of Cape Town 73 3 135 10 221
Matzikama 6 0 7 2 15
Cederberg 5 1 4 1 11
Bergrivier 5 1 7 0 13
Saldanha Bay 8 1 15 1 25
Swartland 6 1 15 1 23
Witzenberg 8 1 10 4 23
Drakenstein 19 2 35 5 61
Stellenbosch 11 1 25 6 43
Breede Valley 14 1 22 4 41
Langeberg 7 1 11 4 23
Theewaterskloof 9 1 13 2 25
Overstrand 9 0 15 1 25
Cape Agulhas 4 0 4 1 9
Swellendam 4 0 4 1 9
Kannaland 2 0 2 3 7
Hessequa 6 1 7 1 15
Mossel Bay 10 0 16 1 27
George 19 1 25 4 49
Oudtshoorn 11 1 11 2 25
Knysna 7 1 10 1 19
Bitou 6 1 6 0 13
Laingsburg 3 1 3 0 7
Prince Albert 2 0 2 3 7
Beaufort West 7 0 5 1 13
Total 261 20 409 58 748

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Elections on 18 May". BuaNews. 3 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Section 159 in Chapter 7 of the Constitution of South Africa. A municipal council's term expires after 5 years, but the council continue with its functions until the election of a new council, which must be held within 90 days of the expiry of the council's term.
  3. ^ Schedule 1 to the Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, No. 117 of 1998, as amended.
  4. ^ http://fromtheold.com/south-african-municipal-election-2011
  5. ^ IFP councillor dies after alleged assault
  6. ^ "ANC wins Nelson Mandela Bay". Times Live. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  7. ^ W Cape voters ‘not predictable’, Quinton Mtyala and Babalo Ndenze, The Cape Argus, 18 May 2011
  8. ^ (These citations relate to various boycott campaigns in different localities.)
  9. ^ We won’t vote for ‘a stranger’, Vuvu Vena, Dispatch, 19 May 2011
  10. ^ Devil in the Data: South Africa's Rich Overrepresented in the Vote, by Ebrahim-Khalil Hassen, SACSIS, 3 June 2011
  11. ^ "Voter turnout highest ever - IEC". 21 May 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  12. ^ Zuma is the loser, despite ANC poll win, Business Day, 23 May 2011
  13. ^ ‘The swing’s the thing’ that shows the political trend, Alistair Sparks, Business Day, 25 May 2011

External links[edit]