South American Games

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The South American Games (a.k.a. ODESUR Games; Spanish: Juegos Sudamericanos; Portuguese: Jogos Sul-Americanos), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: Juegos Cruz del Sur) are a regional multi-sport event held between nations from South America, organized by the South American Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Sudamericana, ODESUR).[1]

The first Games were held in 1978 in La Paz, Bolivia. They have since been held every four years, the last edition was in Medellín, Colombia in March 2010. Which will be followed by the 2014 edition in Santiago, Chile The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame since their inception: the South American Flame, which is relayed from Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, to the host city.[2]

For the XI edition in 2018 there are two bids: Cochabamba, Bolivia and Barquisimeto, Venezuela. A host will be elected by 2011.

The detailed history of the South American Games together with an extensive list of medal winners was published in a book written (in Spanish) by Argentinian journalist Ernesto Rodríguez III with support of the Comité Olímpico Argentino under the auspices of the Ministerio de Educación de la Nación in collaboration with the Secretaría de Deporte de la Nación.[3]

Games[edit]

Year Games Host City Country Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top Medalling
Nation
1978 I La Paz  Bolivia 3 November - 12 November 480 8 16  Argentina
1982 II Rosario  Argentina 26 November - 5 December 961 10 19  Argentina
1986 III Santiago  Chile 28 November - 8 December 969 10 17  Argentina
1990 IV Lima  Peru 1 December - 10 December 1,070 10 16  Argentina
1994 V Valencia  Venezuela 19 November - 28 November 1,599 14 19  Argentina
1998 VI Cuenca  Ecuador 21 October - 31 October 1,525 14 24  Argentina
2002 VII Rio de Janeiro,
São Paulo,
Curitiba and
Belém
 Brazil 1 August - 11 August 2,069 13 24  Brazil
2006 VIII Buenos Aires  Argentina 9 November - 19 November 2,938 15 28  Argentina
2010 IX Medellín  Colombia 19 March - 30 March 3,751 15 31  Colombia
2014 X Santiago  Chile 7 March - 18 March 3,499 14 33  Brazil
2018 XI Cochabamba  Bolivia

Youth Games[edit]

Year Games Host City Country Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top Medalling
Nation
2013 I Lima  Peru 20 September - 29 September 1200 14 19  Brazil

Beach Games[edit]

Year Games Host City Country Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top Medalling
Nation
2009 I Punta del Este/Montevideo  Uruguay 3 December - 13 December 12 9  Brazil
2011 II Manta  Ecuador 2 December - 12 December  Brazil
2014 III Vargas  Venezuela 14 May – 24 May 12 10  Venezuela

All-time medal count[edit]

The total medal count for all the Games until 2014 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

South American Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Argentina 842 701 664 2207
2  Brazil 649 543 495 1687
3  Venezuela 492 410 445 1347
4  Colombia 409 349 329 1087
5  Chile 316 421 476 1213
6  Peru 168 242 321 731
7  Ecuador 163 227 319 709
8  Uruguay 63 105 129 297
9  Bolivia 31 69 141 241
10  Paraguay 13 34 47 94
11  Panama 11 14 24 49
12  Netherlands Antilles 7 7 17 31
13  Suriname 7 3 11 21
14  Guyana 2 3 9 14
15  Aruba 0 2 13 15
Total 3172 3130 3441 9743

Sports[edit]

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (Discipline) Body 78 82 86 90 94 98 02 06 10 14
World South America
 
Diving Diving pictogram.svg FINA ASUA X X
Open water swimming Pictgram swimming.svg X X X
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg X X X X
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg X
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg FITA AAF X X X X X
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF CONSUDATLE X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF BPA X X
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg IBAF COPABE X X X X X
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X
Bocce Bocce pictogram.svg CMSB X
Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg IFBB IFBBSud America X
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg FIQ PABCON X X X X X X X X
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg ICF COPAC X X X X X X
 
BMX racing Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI COPACI X X X
Mountain biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg X X X X X
Road cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X
Track cycling Cycling (track) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI PAEC X X X X X
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey Field hockey pictogram.svg FIH PAHF X X
 
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA CONMEBOL X X X X X X
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg X X X X X
 
Golf Golf pictogram.svg IGF FSG X X
 
Artistic gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG UPAG X X X X X X X X X X
Rhythmic gymnastics Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X
Trampoline Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg X X
 
Handball Handball pictogram.svg IHF PATHF X X X X
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF PKF X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg UIPM X
Racquetball Racquets pictogram.svg IRF PARC X
 
Artistic roller skating Artistic roller skating pictogram.svg FIRS CPRS X X X X X X
Roller hockey Roller hockey pictogram.svg X X
Roller speed skating Speed rolling pictogram.jpg X X X X X X
 
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA X X X X X X
Rugby sevens Rugby union pictogram.svg IRB CONSUR X
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF SASC X X X X X X X X
Scuba diving Scuba.png X
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X X X
Softball Softball pictogram.svg ISF CONPASA X X X
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF FPS X
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF PATU X X X X X X X X
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF COSAT X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU PATCO X X X X X
 
Beach volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB CSV X X
Indoor volleyball Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg X X X X
 
Water skiing Water skiing pictogram.svg IWWF IWWF Pan Am X X X
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling Wrestling pictogram.svg FILA CPLA X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total events 171 249 193 260 296 357 380 463 486 317

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ediciones de los Juegos (in Spanish), ODESUR, retrieved June 5, 2012 
  2. ^ Llama Suramericana (in Spanish), ODESUR, retrieved June 5, 2012 
  3. ^ Rodríguez III, Ernesto (2010), LIBROS DEL CICLO OLÍMPICO ARGENTINO - Libro I de los Juegos Odesur 1978-2010 (in Spanish) (1a. ed.), Buenos Aires: Alarco Ediciones, p. 192, ISBN 978-987-1367-18-41 Check |isbn= value (help), retrieved June 3, 2012 

External links[edit]