South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone

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South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone
Zona de Paz e Cooperação do Atlântico Sul
Zone de Paix et de Coopération de l'Atlantique Sud
Zona de Paz y Cooperación del Atlántico Sur
Zpcas flag.jpg
Flag of the ZPCAS
Map of ZPCAS member states.svg
Member countries shown in blue
Formation 27 October 1986
Headquarters Brasília, Brazil
Membership 24 member states
Official language English, Portuguese, Spanish, French
Pro tempore Presidency  Uruguay
(2011)[1]
President Fernando Henrique Cardoso speaks at the ZPCAS Summit held in Brasília.

The South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (abbreviations: ZPCAS or ZOPACAS; Spanish: Zona de Paz y Cooperación del Atlántico Sur; Portuguese: Zona de Paz e Cooperação do Atlântico Sul; also called the Zone of Peace and Cooperation of the South Atlantic) was created in 1986 through resolution A/RES/41/11 of the U.N. general assembly on Brazil's initiative, with the aim of promoting cooperation and the maintenance of peace and security in the South Atlantic region. Particular attention was dedicated to the question of preventing the geographical proliferation of nuclear weapons and of reducing and eventually eliminating the military presence of countries from other regions.

A Declaration on the denuclearization of the South Atlantic region was adopted at a meeting of member states held in Brasilia in September 1994. The U.N. General Assembly endorsed the initiative, albeit with opposition from the United States, United Kingdom and France.[2]

The South Atlantic is currently a nuclear-weapon-free zone. All member states are currently signatories of international treaties that prohibit nuclear weapons, namely the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty and the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. However, several Mid-Atlantic Ridge islands, the British overseas territory of Saint Helena and its dependencies Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha, and Norway's Bouvet Island are not covered by those treaties.

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