South Australian state election, 1989

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South Australian state election, 1989
South Australia
1985 ←
25 November 1989 (1989-11-25)
→ 1993

All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly
24 seats were needed for a majority
11 (of the 22) seats in the South Australian Legislative Council
  First party Second party
  John Bannon.jpg John Olsen (1).jpg
Leader John Bannon John Olsen
Party Labor Liberal
Leader since 18 September 1979 10 November 1982
Leader's seat Ross Smith Custance
Last election 27 seats 16 seats
Seats won 22 seats 22 seats
Seat change Decrease5 Increase6
Percentage 48.1% 51.9%
Swing Decrease5.1 Increase5.1

Premier before election

John Bannon
Labor

Resulting Premier

John Bannon
Labor

State elections were held in Australia on 25 November 1989. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party led by Premier of South Australia John Bannon defeated the Liberal Party of Australia led by Leader of the Opposition John Olsen.

House of Assembly (IRV) — Turnout 94.43% (CV) — Informal 2.83%
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal Party of Australia 381,834 44.21 +2.05 22 +6
  Australian Labor Party 346,268 40.09 -8.10 22 -5
  Australian Democrats 88,720 10.27 +6.02 0 0
  Independent Labor 13,094 1.52 -0.77 2 0
  Nationals SA 10,217 1.18 -0.54 1 0
  Independents 10,633 1.23 +0.57 0 0
  Other 12,985 1.50 0 0
  Total 863,751     47
  Australian Labor Party WIN 48.10 -5.10 24 -5
  Liberal Party of Australia 51.90 +5.10 23 +5

Independents: Martyn Evans, Norm Peterson (both Independent Labor).


Background[edit]

Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of South Australia were held in South Australia in 1989, which saw John Bannon and the Australian Labor Party win a third successive term. The John Olsen-led Liberal Party of Australia failed to win office despite gaining 51.9 percent of the two party preferred vote. Bannon's government had initially presided over an economic boom, but at the time of the election the economy had slowed due to the late 1980s recession. The Liberals' campaign blamed Bannon for the poor economic conditions.

The Liberals gained several seats, but Labor held power with of the support of the two "independent Labor" members.

Before the election, the Liberal Party made allegations of a Labor 'gerrymander', due to the perceived unfair state of the electoral boundaries. While Labor had not instituted any type of imbalanced electoral legislation, it had nonetheless neglected to issue a new redistribution. The electoral districts, with the correct 10 percent tolerances at the time of the 1983 redistribution, had not been updated, and due to population shifts, had changed beyond the tolerance allowed. Legislation made redistributions mandatory by the Electoral Commission of South Australia after each election, and included a 'fairness clause' for boundaries to be redrawn on the basis that the party that wins a majority of the two-party-preferred vote should gain office.

After the election, Olsen was replaced as Liberal leader by Dale Baker.

The 1990 Custance by-election, the 1992 Alexandra by-election and the 1992 Kavel by-election saw the Liberals retain each of the seats.

Legislative Council Results[edit]

1989 Legislative Council Result (STV GV)
Party Seats
  Liberal Party of Australia 41.1% 5
  Australian Labor Party 39.7% 5
  Australian Democrats 10.7% 1
  Nationals SA 0.8%
1989-1993 Legislative Council
Party Seats
  Australian Labor Party 10
  Liberal Party of Australia 10
  Australian Democrats 2


See also[edit]

References[edit]