South Bird's Head languages

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South Bird's Head
South Doberai
Geographic
distribution:
West Irian Jaya
Linguistic classification: Trans–New Guinea
  • South Bird's Head
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: None
sout1516  (South Bird's Head proper)[1]
kond1302  (Konda–Yahadian)[2]
inan1242  (Inanwatan)[3]
{{{mapalt}}}
Map: The South Bird's Head languages of New Guinea
  The South Bird's Head languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The South Bird's Head or South Doberai languages are three families of Papuan languages. They form part of the Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross.

Languages[edit]

Ross reconstructs pronouns *na 1sg and *a 2sg, but otherwise the three families have little in common and are not obviously related:

Pronouns[edit]

The pronouns are:

sg pl
1ex *na *ni-ri, *i-ri
1in *na-ri, *ya-ri
2 *a *a-ri, *i-ri

3sg *ni is reconstructable for SBH proper. There appears to be both a plural vowel change from *a to *i, as in proto-TNG, and a plural suffix *-ri.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "South Bird's Head proper". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Konda–Yahadian". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Inanwatan". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.