South Bristol, Maine
|South Bristol, Maine|
Christmas Cove c. 1906
|• Total||29.68 sq mi (76.87 km2)|
|• Land||13.10 sq mi (33.93 km2)|
|• Water||16.58 sq mi (42.94 km2)|
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||887|
|• Density||68.1/sq mi (26.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582733|
South Bristol is a town in Lincoln County, Maine, United States. The population was 892 at the 2010 census. A fishing and resort area, South Bristol includes the villages of Walpole and Christmas Cove, the latter at Rutherford Island. The town has three nature preserves.
This was once territory of the Wawenock (or more precisely Walinakiak, meaning "People of the Bays") Abenaki Indians, who traveled in canoes to hunt for fish, shellfish, seals and seafowl. In 1614, Captain John Smith explored the coast, and is said to have named Christmas Cove when he visited it on Christmas Day. The land was subsequently part of the Pemaquid Patent, granted by the Plymouth Council for New England in 1631 to Robert Aldsworth and Gyles Elbridge, merchants from Bristol, England, from which the town derives its name.
A palisade fort and settlement were built on the adjacent Pemaquid Peninsula. Between 1630 and 1650, the area was the center for fur trading in Maine. It was attacked and rebuilt repeatedly during the French and Indian Wars, with the final two attacks occurring in 1747 at Fort Frederick. In 1765, Bristol was incorporated as a town, with South Bristol its western portion. On March 26, 1915, South Bristol was set off and incorporated as a separate town.
In the 1800s, the village of Walpole was noted for brickmaking and ice harvesting. Brickyards along the Damariscotta River supplied many of the bricks used to build Boston's Back Bay neighborhood. The ice business faded with the advent of refrigeration, but the Thompson Ice House, established in 1826, is now preserved as the Thompson Ice Harvesting Museum. Bristol Yacht Building Company, later known as H.F. Gamage Shipbuilding, built minesweepers for the United States Navy during World War II. Shipbuilding has remained important, with schooners, fishing trawlers, lobster boats and yachts constructed at the town. The Hudson River Sloop Clearwater was built here in 1968. Other industries in South Bristol are fishing, lobstering, clamming, aquaculture and tourism.
The peninsula and Rutherford Island are connected by a swing bridge, one of only three in Maine, which spans "The Gut." For well over a century, Rutherford Island in particular has been a vacation destination for families from Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York and New Jersey. Many homes on the island are owned by these families.
Steamboat landing in 1910
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.68 square miles (76.87 km2), of which, 13.10 square miles (33.93 km2) of it is land and 16.58 square miles (42.94 km2) is water. Half of South Bristol is located on a peninsula, the other half on Rutherford Island. The Island was named after the Reverend Robert Rutherford who came with David Dunbar's group to the area from North Ireland, in 1729.
The town is crossed by Maine State Route 129. It is bordered on the west by the Damariscotta River, on the north by Bristol, on the east by John's Bay, and on the south by the Gulf of Maine and Atlantic Ocean.
As of the census of 2010, there were 892 people, 418 households, and 275 families residing in the town. The population density was 68.1 inhabitants per square mile (26.3 /km2). There were 1,076 housing units at an average density of 82.1 per square mile (31.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 418 households of which 19.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.2% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.57.
The median age in the town was 54.1 years. 15.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.2% were from 25 to 44; 32.9% were from 45 to 64; and 30.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 897 people, 410 households, and 277 families residing in the town. The population density was 68.0 people per square mile (26.3/km²). There were 932 housing units at an average density of 70.7 per square mile (27.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.00% White, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.
There were 410 households out of which 20.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.58.
In the town the population was spread out with 16.7% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 34.9% from 45 to 64, and 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,636, and the median income for a family was $46,765. Males had a median income of $31,696 versus $21,563 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,233. About 3.5% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- South Bristol Historical Society
- Thompson Ice Harvesting Museum
- Walpole Meeting House (1772)
- Witch Island Audubon Sanctuary
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 66–72.
- Maine Genealogy: South Bristol, Lincoln County, Maine
- "U.S.Navy Activities World War II by State". U.S. Naval Historical Center. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Bristol, Boston: Russell
- History of South Bristol, Maine
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Welcome to South Bristol, Maine
- Rutherford Library
- MaineDOT Goes Back to the Drawing Board to Replace Swing Bridge
- Locals revise South Bristol bridge plans, DOT listens