South Carolina's 1st congressional district

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South Carolina's 1st congressional district
South Carolina's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
South Carolina's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Mark Sanford (RCharleston)
Population (2000) 668,668
Median income $40,713
Ethnicity 74.8% White, 21.1% Black, 1.3% Asian, 2.5% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI R+11

The 1st Congressional District of South Carolina is a coastal congressional district in South Carolina, represented by Republican Mark Sanford since 2013.

From 2003 to 2013 It stretched from Seabrook Island in the south to the North Carolina border and includes parts of Charleston, Dorchester, Berkeley and Georgetown counties and all of Horry County. The district has historically been based in Charleston. It included the major tourist destination of Myrtle Beach. The district borders now stretch from Hilton Head to the mid-coast South Carolina.

History[edit]

The district was a Democratic stronghold after the Reconstruction era due to the disfranchisement of African-American citizens in 1896 under the new state constitution, as was the state until party realignments in the late 20th century. Since the buildup of the military, especially the Navy in the region, the area's white voters have supported conservative candidates.

After the end of Reconstruction and the Democrats' disfranchisement of African-American citizens in 1896, the Republican Party was no longer competitive in the state. Black citizens had no political voice until after gaining federal support and legislation for enforcement of their constitutional rights through the Civil Rights Movement.

A Republican was not elected to a full term in this district until 1980, when Tommy Hartnett was swept in by Reagan's coattails. His election represented a major realignment of white conservative voters with the Republican, rather than the Democratic Party. Starting with national candidates in the late 1960s and 1970s, white voters in South Carolina began to shift to the Republican Party. In 2008, with the appeal of the Barack Obama presidential campaign, Democrat Linda Ketner came within two points of winning the 1st district congressional seat. Just two years later, Republican Tim Scott won the seat with 65 percent of the vote.

Following redistricting after 1990, most of Charleston's African-American majority areas were shifted in 1992 to South Carolina's 6th Congressional District. Since President Lyndon B. Johnson gained passage of federal civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s enforcing constitutional rights of African Americans, the majority have voted for Democratic candidates, but in the South, a few have shifted to the Republican Party.

2013 special election[edit]

Tim Scott, a Republican from North Charleston, was the 1st district's representative until his appointment to the United States Senate after Jim DeMint resigned on January 1, 2013. A special election was held on May 7, 2013 held to determine Scott's replacement in the United States House of Representatives. In a Primary Election held on March 19, 2013, Elizabeth Colbert-Busch, the sister of comedian Stephen Colbert, won the Democratic nomination. Former Governor and former Charleston County Councilman Curtis Eilliott Bostic faced each other in a runoff Primary for the Republican nomination on April 2, 2013. Sanford won the nomination, and defeated Colbert-Busch and South Carolina Green Party candidate Eugene Platt on May 7.

List of representatives[edit]

Name Years Party Electoral history
WilliamLoughtonSmith.jpg William L. Smith March 4, 1789 –
March 4, 1795
Pro-Administration Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Portugal
March 4, 1795 –
July 10, 1797
Federalist
Vacant July 10, 1797 –
November 23, 1797
Thomas Pinckney.jpg Thomas Pinckney November 23, 1797 –
March 4, 1801
Federalist First elected to finish Smith's term
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Thomas Lowndes-congressman.jpg Thomas Lowndes March 4, 1801 –
March 4, 1805
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Robert Marion March 4, 1805 –
December 4, 1810
Democratic-Republican Resigned
Vacant December 4, 1810 –
December 31, 1810
LangdonCheves.jpg Langdon Cheves December 31, 1810 –
March 4, 1815
Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Henry-middleton.jpg Henry Middleton March 4, 1815 –
March 4, 1819
Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Charles Pinckney.jpg Charles Pinckney March 4, 1819 –
March 4, 1821
Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
JRP-SoW, S.jpg Joel R. Poinsett March 4, 1821 –
March 4, 1823
Democratic-Republican Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Mexico
March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
Jacksonian D-R
March 4, 1825 –
March 7, 1825
Jacksonian
Vacant March 7, 1825 –
May 17, 1825
Colonel William Drayton by Morse, 1818.jpg William Drayton May 17, 1825 –
March 4, 1833
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Henry L. Pinckney March 4, 1833 –
March 4, 1837
Nullifier [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Hugh S. Legaré.jpg Hugh S. Legaré March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1839
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Isaac E. Holmes March 4, 1839 –
March 4, 1843
Democratic Redistricted to the 6th district
James A. Black March 4, 1843 –
April 3, 1848
Democratic Died
Vacant April 3, 1848 –
June 12, 1848
Daniel Wallace June 12, 1848 –
March 4, 1853
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
John McQueen March 4, 1853 –
December 21, 1860
Democratic Redistricted from the 4th district

Retired
Civil War and Reconstruction December 21, 1860 –
July 18, 1868
BenjaminFWhittemore.jpg Benjamin F. Whittemore July 18, 1868 –
February 24, 1870
Republican Resigned
Vacant February 24, 1870 –
December 12, 1870
Joseph Rainey - Brady-Handy.jpg Joseph H. Rainey December 12, 1870 –
March 4, 1879
Republican Lost election, 1878
JohnSRichardson.jpg John S. Richardson March 4, 1879 –
March 4, 1883
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Samuel Dibble.jpg Samuel Dibble March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1891
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William H. Brawley March 4, 1891 –
February 12, 1894
Democratic Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
Vacant February 12, 1894 –
April 12, 1894
James F. Izlar April 12, 1894 –
March 4, 1895
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Elliott.jpeg William Elliott March 4, 1895 –
June 4, 1896
Democratic Lost contested election
George Washington Murray.jpg George W. Murray June 4, 1896 –
March 3, 1897
Republican Won contested election
William Elliott.jpeg William Elliott March 4, 1897 –
March 4, 1903
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
George S. Legaré March 4, 1903 –
January 31, 1913
Democratic Died
Vacant January 31, 1913 –
April 29, 1913
Richard S. Whaley April 29, 1913 –
March 4, 1921
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
W. Turner Logan March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1925
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Thomas McMillan.jpg Thomas S. McMillan March 4, 1925 –
September 29, 1939
Democratic Died
Vacant September 29, 1939 –
November 7, 1939
Clara McMillan.jpg Clara Gooding McMillan November 7, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Democratic Elected to finish her husband's term
L Mendell Rivers.jpg L. Mendel Rivers January 3, 1941 –
December 28, 1970
Democratic Died
Vacant December 28, 1970 –
April 27, 1971
Mendel Jackson Davis.jpg Mendel Jackson Davis April 27, 1971 –
January 3, 1981
Democratic Retired for health reasons
Thomas Hartnett.jpg Thomas Hartnett January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1987
Republican Retired to run for Lieutenant Governor
Arthur Ravenel Jr.jpg Arthur Ravenel, Jr. January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1995
Republican Retired to run for Governor
MarkSanford.jpg Mark Sanford January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
Republican Retired
Henryebrownjr.jpg Henry Brown January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2011
Republican Retired
Tim Scott, official portrait, 112th Congress crop.jpg Tim Scott January 3, 2011 –
January 2, 2013
Republican First elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012, but resigned when appointed to the United States Senate
Vacant January 2, 2013 –
May 7, 2013
Mark Sanford 113th Congressional portrait.jpg Mark Sanford May 7, 2013 –
Present
Republican Elected to finish Scott's term

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1995 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 33°24′N 79°13′W / 33.40°N 79.22°W / 33.40; -79.22