South Carolina's 6th congressional district

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South Carolina's 6th congressional district
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Jim Clyburn (DColumbia)
Population (2000) 668,670
Median income $28,967
Ethnicity 40.8% White, 57.0% Black, 0.5% Asian, 1.5% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI D+17

The 6th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in central South Carolina. From 2003 to 2013 it included all of Bamberg, Clarendon, Colleton, Marion and Williamsburg counties and parts of Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Dorchester, Florence, Georgetown, Lee, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. The district borders were shifted south in the 2012 redistricting, moving away from North Carolina and adding the Georgia-South Carolina border.

The district was defined in the early 1990s in a deal between state Republicans (mostly white) and Democrats (mostly black) in the South Carolina General Assembly to ensure a majority-black population, known as a majority-minority district. The rural counties of the historical black belt in South Carolina make up much of the district, but it also includes most of the black precincts in Charleston, and most of the black precincts in Columbia to the west.

Following the Reconstruction era, the white Democratic-dominated legislature passed Jim Crow laws, as well as a new constitution in 1895 that effectively disfranchised blacks, crippling the Republican Party in the state. White Democrats established and maintained a one-party state in South Carolina for the next seven decades and blacks were nearly excluded from the political system.

Demographic and political changes have included the Great Migration (African American) of blacks out of the state during the Jim Crow era in the first half of the 20th century. After successes of the African American Civil Rights Movement in gaining passage of federal legislation in the mid-1960s to enforce their constitutional rights and ability to vote, blacks in South Carolina supported national Democratic Party candidates.

White conservatives moved into the Republican Party. Since the late 20th century, Republicans in South Carolina have been mostly white, and most African Americans in the state continue to support the Democratic Party, which better represents their views. In the 21st century, the 6th is considered the only "safe" Democratic district in the state.

In earlier years, this district included the northeastern part of the state, from Darlington to Myrtle Beach. In 2012, the new 7th congressional district was defined to include Myrtle Beach and Horry County in northeast part of the state.

For the differing reasons noted above, 6th district voters have elected only two Republicans since the early twentieth century, in both cases for a single term.

Jim Clyburn, a Democrat and the current Assistant House Minority Leader, has represented this district since first being elected in 1992.

List of representatives[edit]

Name Years Party Electoral history
District created in 1793
Andrew Pickens.jpg Andrew Pickens March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Anti-
Administration
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Samuel Earle March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Democratic-
Republican
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Smith March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Democratic-
Republican
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Abraham Nott March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Thomas Moore March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted to the 7th district
Levi Casey March 4, 1803 –
February 3, 1807
Democratic-
Republican
Died
Joseph Calhoun June 2, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
Democratic-
Republican
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
JohnCCalhoun.jpeg John C. Calhoun March 4, 1811 –
November 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
Resigned after being appointed Secretary of War
Eldred Simkins January 24, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
Democratic-
Republican
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
George-McDuffie.jpg George McDuffie March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted to the 5th district
John Wilson March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jacksonian
Democratic-Republican
Redistricted from the 7th district
| March 4, 1825 –
| March 3, 1827
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Warren R. Davis March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Jacksonian Died
March 4, 1831 –
January 29, 1835
Nullifier
Waddy Thompson Jr.svg Waddy Thompson, Jr. September 10, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Anti-
Jackson
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Whig
William Butler March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Isaac E. Holmes March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
Democratic Redistricted from the 1st district
William Aiken.jpg William Aiken, Jr. March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic Redistricted to the 2nd district
WilliamWatersBoyce.jpg William W. Boyce March 4, 1853 –
December 21, 1860
Democratic Retired
Civil War - Occupation and Reconstruction - Not Allocated
District eliminated in 1867
District re-established 1883
George W. Dargan March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
EliTStackhouse.jpg Eli T. Stackhouse March 4, 1891 –
June 14, 1892
Democratic Died
John Lowndes McLaurin.jpg John L. McLaurin December 5, 1892 –
May 31, 1897
Democratic Resigned after being elected to US Senate
James Norton December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Robert B. Scarborough March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
J. Edwin Ellerbe March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
J. Willard Ragsdale March 4, 1913 –
July 23, 1919
Democratic Died
Philip H. Stoll October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Allard H. Gasque March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
Democratic Died
Elizabeth Hawley Gasque.jpg Elizabeth H. Gasque September 13, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
John L. McMillan.jpg John L. McMillan January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1973
Democratic Lost primary to John Jenrette in 1972
Edward Lunn Young.jpg Edward Lunn Young January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Republican Beat Jenrette in 1972 only to lose to him two years later.
John Jenrette.png John Jenrette January 3, 1975 –
December 10, 1980
Democratic First sought the office in 1972, winning on his second attempt. Defeated for reelection in 1980 and resigned early as a result of the ABSCAM scandal
John Light Napier.jpg John L. Napier January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Republican Defeated for reelection
Robin Tallon.jpg Robin Tallon January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Democratic Retired when district was redistricted as a minority-majority district
James Clyburn, official Congressional Majority Whip photo.jpg Jim Clyburn January 3, 1993 –
Present
Democratic First elected in 1992

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1995 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 33°18′N 80°33′W / 33.30°N 80.55°W / 33.30; -80.55