South Carolina's 7th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"SC-07" redirects here. For other uses, see SC 7 (disambiguation).
South Carolina's 7th congressional district
South Carolina's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 20132.
South Carolina's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 20132.
Current Representative Tom Rice (RMyrtle Beach)
Cook PVI R+7

The 7th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in South Carolina, established in 2011 following apportionment of another seat to the state following the 2010 census. It includes much of eight counties, including Horry County on the border with North Carolina. The first US representative from this new district, Tom Rice, was elected in 2012 and took office on January 3, 2013.

History[edit]

The 7th Congressional District of South Carolina existed in the 19th century but it was eliminated in 1853 as a result of the 1850 Census. After the 1880 Census, Congress apportioned the state another seat, and the state legislature re-established the district.

By that time, the Reconstruction era had ended and the state legislature was controlled by white conservative Democrats, who wrested control by a mixture of violence and fraud. They defined the boundaries of the 7th district, which was called the "shoestring district" because of its long, narrow shape that included many black precincts. In 1892 and 1894 the majority-black voters of the district elected George W. Murray to Congress; he was the only African American to serve in Congress in those sessions and, following disfranchisement and demographic changes, the last elected from the state until 2010.

In 1895, the Democrat-dominated state legislature passed a new constitution, disfranchising black voters by changes to voter registration and electoral rules that were applied against them in a discriminatory way. For decades after 1896, only white Democrats were elected to Congress from the state. (Such disfranchisement occurred among all the states of the former Confederacy, and their use of poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clauses, and white primaries survived several US Supreme Court challenges.)

During the first half of the 20th century, 6.5 million blacks in total left South Carolina and other southern states in the Great Migration to the North, Midwest and West. Following cumulative declines in state population, after the 1930 Census, South Carolina lost a seat and the 7th district was eliminated in redistricting. It was last represented by Democrat Hampton P. Fulmer, who was redistricted into the 2nd District.

South Carolina had only six districts for the next 80 years. African Americans were effectively barred from voting until after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Increases in population led to the state's receiving another congressional seat following the 2010 Census.

The 7th district is located in the rapidly developing area of northeastern South Carolina, including Horry County, the Myrtle Beach metropolitan area, and the Pee Dee region.[1][2] It is a white-majority district and its voters elected Republican Tom Rice as US Representative from the district in 2012; he took office in January 2013, when the 113th Congress convened.

The district boundaries are roughly similar to the configuration of 6th congressional district before it was reconfigured after the 1990 census as a black-majority district.

List of representatives[edit]

Name Tenure Party Electoral history
District created in 1803
No image.svg Thomas Moore March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted from the 6th district
No image.svg Elias Earle March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted from the 8th district
No image.svg John Taylor March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Elias Earle March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Democratic-
Republican
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John Wilson March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted to the 6th district
No image.svgJoseph Gist March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jackson
Republican
Redistricted from the 8th district
March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian
No image.svg William T. Nuckolls March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg William K. Clowney March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Nullifier [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg James Rogers March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg William K. Clowney March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Nullifier [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg James Rogers March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Robert Barnwell Rhett, Sr.gif Robert B. Rhett March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Democratic Redistricted from the 2nd district
No image.svg William F. Colcock March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
District eliminated in 1853
District re-established in 1883
Edmund William McGregor Mackey - Brady-Handy.jpg Edmund W.M. Mackey March 4, 1883 –
January 27, 1884
Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district

Died
Robert Smalls - Brady-Handy.jpg Robert Smalls March 18, 1884 –
March 3, 1887
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
William Elliott.jpeg William Elliott March 4, 1887 –
September 23, 1890
Democratic Lost contested election
Thomas Ezekiel Miller.jpg Thomas E. Miller September 24, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
Republican Won contested election
William Elliott.jpeg William Elliott March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
George Washington Murray.jpg George W. Murray March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Republican Won contested election of 1894, finally seated in 1896
No image.svg J. William Stokes March 4, 1895 –
June 1, 1896
Democratic Seat declared vacant while being contested because of Democratic election fraud
November 3, 1896 –
July 6, 1901
Died
Asbury Francis Lever hec-12496.jpg Asbury F. Lever November 5, 1901 –
August 1, 1919
Democratic Resigned to become member of Federal Farm Loan Board
EdwardCMann.jpg Edward C. Mann October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
HamptonPFulmer.jpg Hampton P. Fulmer March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1933
Democratic Redistricted to the 2nd district
District eliminated in 1933
District re-established in 2013
Tom Rice, Official Portrait, 113th Congress - full.jpg Tom Rice January 3, 2013 –
Present
Republican Incumbent

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2010 shows Red states gaining congressional districts". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  2. ^ [1]

Coordinates: 34°07′N 79°21′W / 34.11°N 79.35°W / 34.11; -79.35