South Carolina General Assembly

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South Carolina General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Leadership
President Pro Tem of the Senate John E. Courson, (R)
Since March 13, 2012
Speaker of the House Robert W. Harrell, Jr., (R)
Since June 21, 2005
Structure
Seats 170
Political groups Democratic Party
Republican Party
Elections
Last election November 6, 2012
Meeting place
SC State House at evening.jpg
South Carolina State House, Columbia
Website
http://www.scstatehouse.gov/

The South Carolina General Assembly, also called the South Carolina Legislature, is the state legislature of the U.S. state of South Carolina. The legislature is bicameral and consists of the lower South Carolina House of Representatives and the upper South Carolina Senate. Altogether, the General Assembly consists of 170 members. The legislature convenes at the State House in Columbia.

Prior to the federal Reynolds v. Sims decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, the House of Representatives was apportioned so that each county had a number of representatives based on population, with each county guaranteed at least one Representative, while each county had one Senator. Moreover, each county's General Assembly delegation also doubled as its county council, as the state constitution made no provision for local government.

Reynolds v. Sims caused district lines to cross county lines, causing legislators to be on multiple county councils. This led to the passage of the Home Rule Act of 1975, which created county councils that were independent of the General Assembly. However, some functions that in many other states are performed by county governments are still handled by county legislative delegations in South Carolina, and the General Assembly still devotes much of its time to local issues.

There are 124 members of the South Carolina House of Representatives, who are elected every two years, and the South Carolina Senate has 46 members, elected every four years concurrent to the Presidential election. For both houses, there are no term limits. The General Assembly meets in joint session to elect judges, with all 170 members having an equal vote in such elections.

Officers[edit]

Senate[edit]

South Carolina Senate Officers
Position Name Party
President Pro Tempore John E. Courson Republican
Majority Leader Harvey S. Peeler, Jr. Republican
Minority Leader Nikki G. Setzler Democratic

House of Representatives[edit]

South Carolina House of Representatives Officers
Position Name Party
Speaker Robert W. "Bobby" Harrell, Jr. Republican
Speaker pro tempore James H. "Jay" Lucas Republican
Majority Leader Kenneth A. "Kenny" Bingham Republican
Minority Leader J. Todd Rutherford Democratic

See also[edit]

External links[edit]