South Carolina gubernatorial election, 1865

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The 1865 South Carolina gubernatorial election was held on October 18, 1865 to select the governor of the state of South Carolina. It was the first gubernatorial election in which the voters of South Carolina were able to directly choose the Governor as a result of the ratification of the South Carolina Constitution of 1865. However, the constitution only permitted for white males to cast ballots and blacks were forbidden from voting.

General election[edit]

The general election was held on October 18, 1865 and James Lawrence Orr was elected as the first postbellum governor of South Carolina. He won a narrow victory over Wade Hampton who campaigned for his supporters not to vote for him. Neither candidate was aligned with any political party for the election.

South Carolina Gubernatorial Election, 1865
Candidate Votes %
James Lawrence Orr 9,928 51.9
Wade Hampton III 9,186 48.1
Majority 742 3.9
Turnout 19,114

County results[edit]

County Orr Hampton
Votes % Votes %
Abbeville 361 45.9 425 54.1
Anderson 696 71.4 279 28.6
Barnwell 71 13.4 460 86.6
Beaufort 80 25.6 232 74.4
Charleston 841 51.7 786 48.3
Chester 684 88.6 88 11.4
Chesterfield 152 66.4 77 33.6
Clarendon 126 47.7 138 52.3
Colleton 23 4.4 502 95.6
Darlington 329 55.6 263 44.4
Edgefield 528 43.0 701 57.0
Fairfield 260 85.5 44 14.5
Georgetown 83 73.5 30 26.5
Greenville 314 34.0 609 66.0
Horry 148 78.3 41 21.7
Kershaw 179 96.2 7 3.8
Lancaster 219 68.2 102 31.8
Laurens 575 57.6 424 42.4
Lexington 219 56.0 172 44.0
Marion 260 39.2 404 60.8
Marlboro 460 83.6 90 16.4
Newberry 355 49.7 360 50.3
Orangeburg 137 16.2 711 83.8
Pickens 261 22.7 888 77.3
Richland 334 92.3 28 7.7
Spartanburg 782 83.5 155 16.5
Sumter 258 36.2 455 63.8
Union 215 37.7 355 62.3
Williamsburg 51 16.4 260 83.6
York 927 90.3 100 9.7
1865 South Carolina gubernatorial election map, by percentile by county.
  65+% won by Orr
  55%-59% won by Orr
  50%-54% won by Orr
  50%-54% won by Hampton
  55%-59% won by Hampton
  60%-64% won by Hampton
  65+% won by Hampton

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Reynolds, John S. (1969). Reconstruction in South Carolina. Negro University Press. ISBN 0-8371-1638-4. 
  • "The Official Returns of the Governors Elections". The Charleston Daily Courier. 30 November 1865. p. 2. 

External links[edit]


Preceded by
none
South Carolina gubernatorial elections Succeeded by
1868