South Central Railway zone

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South Central Railway
South Central Railway-6
Secbad rly stn.jpg
SCR's headquarters Secunderabad Railway Station
Locale Telangana,Andhra Pradesh & Maharashtra
Dates of operation 02 October 1966–Present
Predecessor Southern Railways
Track gauge Mixed
Length 5951 km.
Headquarters Secunderabad Railway Station
Website SCR official website

The South Central Railway is one of the 17 railway zones in India. South Central Railway was formed on 2 October 1966 when Hubli and Vijayawada Divisions of Southern Railway and Sholapur and Secunderabad Divisions of Central Railway were carved out and merged into a new Zone. Subsequently, Guntakal Division of Southern Railway was merged with South Central Railway on 2 October 1977 and Sholapur Division was remerged with Central Railway. Secunderabad Division was split into two Divisions viz. Secunderabad and Hyderabad on 17 February 1978. Following reorganisation of zones and Divisions with effect from 1 April 2003, two new Divisions viz., Guntur and Nanded were operationalised duly transferring Hubli Division to newly formed South Western Railway.

Presently S.C. Railway has 6 Divisions, viz, Secunderabad, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Guntakal, Guntur and Nanded. South Central Railway predominantly serves the state of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra and to a limited extent, portions of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu & Madhya Pradesh states.

South Central Railway Zone is the 2nd highest revenue earning zone in Indian Railways after Northern Railway Zone. The revenue of South Central Railway Zone is nearly 110₹ billion.


Shortened form of South Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways (Both in Hindi and English Languages), Painted on Medchal-Falaknuma DEMU Local Train.

It was created on 2 October 1966 as the ninth zone of Indian Railways.[1] The six divisions of this railway have a total 5,752 route kilometers of track. Current General Manager of S.C. Railway is Mr.P.K.srivastasa From the days of steam-hauled locomotives and wooden plank seats, South Central Railway has come a long way, modernizing its system with the state of the art high-powered Diesel and Electric Locomotives, high speed telescopic Passenger Coaches, and higher axle load wagons, higher capacity track in all important routes, LED based multiple aspect color light signaling with panel interlocking & solid state interlocking, and digital microwave and optic fibre cable communication system, ISDN exchanges etc. Over the years, South Central Railway has attained sufficient transportation output with adequate infrastructure development and technological upgrading to serve the regions in its jurisdiction. Safe operation of trains, expansion of network, modern passenger amenities, punctuality of trains, courteous service and cleanliness in stations and trains remain always the thrust areas of this Railway. Being a service-oriented organization, South Central Railway provided Computerized Passenger Reservation System at 85 Stations/locations covering 96% of the berths available. In the arena of information dissemination to the rail customers, it has provided "139" Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) for Reservation and train enquiry, National Train Enquiry System (NTES) for real-time information on movement of trains, Passenger Operated Enquiry Terminals (POET) with information on availability of accommodation and confirmation and Close Circuit Television (CCTV) for real time reservation availability status at all important stations in its system.

For mass movement of freight, S.C. Railway has introduced high horsepowered diesel and electric locomotives and high speed, higher axle load Box-N-Wagons.

In 2008 South Central Railways was the first to implement a wireless MU Coupler system supplied by Ms Lotus Wireless Technologies, permitting longer freight trains delivering higher capacity. The system was first implemented in diesel locomotives in 2008 followed by installation on electric locomotives in 2011 at Electric Loco Shed, Kazipet. Trains equipped with this system are in use at Badrachalam region in the South Central Railways.[citation needed]

South Central Railway plays a pivotal role as a catalyst for agricultural and industrial development in the Southern peninsula apart from fostering the growth of trade and commerce including import/export through ports by connecting sea ports with their hinder land and inland container depots. Its reliable and comfortable passenger services for long and short distance travel by introducing many super fast and inter city trains helps transform the society by catering to their personal, business, educational and tourism purposes. South Central Railway was formed on 2 October 1966, by grouping the Vijayawada and Hubli Divisions of Southern Railway and Secuderabad and Solapur Division of Central Railway. Jurisdictional adjustments were made in October 1977 by merging Guntakal Division of the Southern Railway with South Central Railway and transferring Solapur Division back to Central Railway. Secunderabad Division was split in February 1978 into two Divisions Secunderabad and Hyderabad to facilitate effective operational and administrative control. On 1 April 2003, the newly formed Guntur division and Nanded Division of South Central Railway became operational and Hubli Division was transferred to the newly formed South Western Railway. Presently, the South Central Railway has six divisions, namely Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Guntur, Guntakal and Nanded with 5752 Route km of which 1604 Rkm are electrified. Vijayawada is the second largest railway junction in India and the most important station of the Indian Railway.vijayawada is heart of south central railways it is more important than secundrabad earning more income than rest of the other


Since its inception, SC Railway laid 342.805 Rkm of new lines, converted 2676.19 Rkm from MG to BG and carried out a doubling of track on 1272.453 Rkm, constructed many major river bridges including the engineering marvels Krishna Bridge at Vijayawada II Godavari Bridge and III Godavari Bridges at Rajahmundry.

Towards customer satisfaction, it had established the Computerized Passenger Reservation Systems at 85 stations/locations and offer reservations for any train from any station in the Country. For gaining efficiency in freight operations, SCR established Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) in its jurisdiction and has already introduced rack management systems at 23 stations and terminal management system at 31 stations.

Its passenger and freight performance has met with stupendous leaps forward. The freight loading, which was only 9.00 million tons in the year of its inception, 1966, has seen a quantum jump and touched 44.79 Million tons in the financial year 2003/2004. Passenger transport too has met with tremendous growth, touching 195.65 million in 2003–2004 as against 50 millions in the year of inception and the gross earning from Rs. 58.00 Cr. to 3683.00 Cr in the fiscal year 2003/2004.


The timeline of events pertaining to South Central Railway is as follows:

The Vijayawada Junction is the busiest station of SCR
Nizamabad Train station
Karimnagar Train station
Anakapalle Train station, end point on the north east border of South Central Railway zone

Bhongir railway station Hyderabad East district

Bhongir Railway Station Entrance Board
Chirala Train station
Tuni railway Station at Sunset
Telangana Express at Moula-Ali
East Coast Express hauled by LGD shed WAP-4
12713 (BZA-SC) Sathavahana Express hauled by WAP-7


  • Rail Nilayam, Secunderabad, the building housing the Zonal Headquarters Office of the South Central Railway was opened.
  • The Wagon Workshop, Guntupalli was inaugurated in 1974.
  • Second Godavari Rail and Road Bridge was commissioned by his Excellency the President of India, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed on 20 November 1974.
  • The first Plasser & Theurer Quick Relaying System (PQRS) for mechanized laying of track was introduced in 1975.
  • First Route Relay Interlocking (RRI) system of South Central Railway was commissioned in January 1976 at Vijayawada Station.
  • Andhra Pradesh (Super fast) Express between Hyderabad and New Delhi was introduced on 3 October 1976.
  • The first ever Microwave Lab on Indian Railways was commissioned in Secunderabad in South Central Railway in October 1979.


  • The Electric Loco Shed, Vijayawada was inaugurated in April, 1980 with a capacity to maintain 100 Electric Locomotives.
  • Sanchalan Bhavan, the Headquarters Building of Secunderabad Division of South Central Railway was inaugurated on 10 November 1980 by Honorable Deputy Railway Minister P. Mallikarjun.
  • The first electrified route from Vijayawada to Gudur on South Central Railway system was inaugurated on 15 December 1980.
  • The first Tie Tamping Machine in South Central Railway was introduced on January, 1981.
  • The additionally laid broad gauge Railway line between Gooty and Dharmavaram was opened for traffic on 26 January 1983.
  • The carriage repair shop at Tirupati with a capacity to overhaul 100 BG coaches was commissioned in September 1985.
  • The additionally laid broad gauge Railway line between BibinagarNadikudi was opened for traffic in three phases i.e., in 1987; November 1988 and April 1989.
  • First Digital Electronic Exchange was inaugurated on South Central Railway in July 1988 at Rail Nilayam.
  • South Central Railway introduced the Computerised Passenger Reservation System (PRS) at Secunderabad Railway Station on 30 September 1989.


  • The ballast-cleaning machine in South Central Railway was introduced in May, 1990.
  • The first Solid State Interlocking (also known as Electronic Interlocking system) was commissioned at Kavali station of South Central Railway in July 1994.
  • South Central Railway had introduced 5000 HP electric locomotives for passenger transport in May, 1995.
  • The Electric Loco Shed, South Lallaguda with a capacity to maintain 100 Electric Locomotives was inaugurated in September, 1995.
  • Andhra Pradesh Express was augmented to 24 coaches from 30 November 1995 followed by Charminar Express, Godavari Express, Pinakini Express.
  • Mango Specials (Goods Trains with mango load) were first introduced by S.C.Railway in the year May 1996.
  • The first Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU) service on SCR between Vijayawada and Machilipatnam was inaugurated on 1 September 1996.
  • The first Mainline Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU) service on S.C.Railway was inaugurated between Vijayawada and Ongole on 1 September 1996.
  • The first long-haul digital Microwave link of South central Railway was commissioned on Vijayawada-Gudur-Renigunta Route in September 1996.
  • Third Godavari Bridge (Bow-String Concrete Structure) at Rajahmundry was commissioned on 11 March 1997.
  • Computerized Passenger Reservation System of Secunderabad was linked to Passenger Reservation System PRS/New Delhi on 14 October 1997.
  • The Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) for dissemination on reservation and confirmation of train accommodation was first introduced at Passenger Reservation System Office, Secunderabad on 31 March 1998 with 12 lines and later extended to 60 lines. By August, 2004, IVRS has been provided at 27 Stations.
  • Rail Net was commissioned in South Central Railway in March 1998.
  • The first Mobile Police Station was introduced by Hyderabad-Tirupati Narayanadri Express in April, 1998.
  • Computerised Passenger Reservation System, Secunderabad was linked to PRS/Howrah on 19 July 1998.
  • South Central Railway had introduced 5000 HP Electric Locomotives for Goods transport in July 1998.
  • Computerised Passenger Reservation System, Secunderabad was linked to PRS/Mumbai (CST) on 31 January 1999.
  • Wagon Workshop, Guntupalli, Vijayawada was granted ISO 9002 Certificate in March 1999.
  • Computerised Passenger Reservation System of Secunderabad was linked to PRS/Chennai on 18 April 1999.
  • The Carriage workshop at Tirupati was granted ISO 9002 Certification in May 1999.


  • Passenger-operated enquiry terminal (POET) was introduced at Secunderabad Station on 31 December 1999 and extended to 49 stations by July 2004.
  • National Train Enquiry System (NTES) was introduced in Secunderabad on 30 June 1999 and extended to 11 stations by July 2004.
  • The wireless communication between Driver – Guard – Station Manager was introduced in South Central Railway in 1999.
  • High-powered diesel locomotives with 4000 HP capacity were introduced for hauling goods trains in 1999.
  • The first solar-powered colour light signals on South Central Railway was provided at LC gate No.55 near Gudivada Station of Vijayawada Division in January 2000.
  • The first LED-lit colour light signal on South Central Railway was provided at LC 404 at KM 589/14-16 between Kadiyam-Dwarapudi Station on Vijayawada-Visakhapatnam section in January 2000.
  • ISO 9002 Certification was granted to Carriage Workshop, Lallaguda, Secunderabad in April 2000.
  • Escalator for climbing the foot overbridge connecting various platforms was commissioned at the Vijayawada Station in April 2000.
  • State-of-the-art high-powered diesel locomotives with a capacity of 4000 HP were introduced for hauling passenger trains in 2001.
  • High-speed data channel networking for Freight Operation Information System (FOIS) was commissioned in South central Railway in January 2001.
  • Coaching refund was first computerized on 31 June 2001 by Hyderabad – Narsapur Express.
  • The first station in S.C. Railway to be commissioned with all light-emitting diode (LED)-lit CLS is Kovvur in January 2002.
  • Rajdhani (super fast) Express was introduced between Secunderabad and New Delhi on 12 February 2002.
  • The first diesel engine with AC cabin for drivers was introduced in South Central Railway on 16 November 2002.
  • Rake Management System, to monitor the movement of rakes and wagons (a division of Freight Operations Information System) was first introduced at Gooty and Renigunta Stations of S.C. Railway on 6 September 2002 and extended thereafter to 23 locations by July 2004.
  • Anti-collision device was fitted to locomotives running on Renigunta-Guntakal route of Guntakal division on an experimental basis in 2003.
  • Laying of optic fibre cable on all important routes of South Central Railway was completed by Railtel Corporation on 30 June 2003.
  • South Central Railway operated 707 Special trains for Godavari Puskarams in July and August, 2003; moved 22,84,170 pilgrims and earned a revenue of Rs. 4.28 Crores.
  • The first electric multiple unit (EMU) service on S.C.Railway was inaugurated between Secunderabad and Lingampalli in August 2003.
  • The first ISDN compatible electronic exchange of South central Railway was commissioned at Secunderabad in March 2003.
  • The Multi Modal Transport System Train (MMTS-Train) between Secunderabad – Lingampalli was inaugurated on 9 August 2003.
  • Terminal Management System, a division of Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) was first introduced on SCR at Bellampalle Station on 30 September 2003 and extended thereafter to 31 locations by July 2004.
  • Issue of “Railway Receipt” for booking of freight (under terminal management system) was computerized first at Bellampalli Station on 4 October 2003 and extended to 9 Stations by July, 2004.
  • The first ever “Block proving” by Digital Axle Counter System in Indian Railways was energized on Bhimadolu – Pulla block section on Vijayawada-Visakhapatnam route of South central Railway in January 2004.
  • Multi model transport system (MMTS) train between Secunderabad – Falaknuma was inaugurated on 14 February 2004.
  • Signal, Telecommunication, Carriage, Stores Finance and Store Bills wings of the Office of Chief Controller of Stores, Rail Nilayam, Secunderabad were granted ISO 9001 /2000 certificate on 16 March 2004.
  • The Office of the Senior Divisional Financial Advisor was granted ISO 9002 /2000 on 18 March 2004.
  • The first refrigerated parcel van service was inaugurated on 3 April 2004 between Vijayawada and Guwahati by Bangalore-Guwahati Express.
  • S.C. Railway realized the highest earnings of Rs.2.18 cr. from 1.71 lakh ticketless passengers during May 2004.
  • South Central Railway was awarded Rs. 2 lakhs by the Ministry of Railways in recognition of its best performance in the financial year 2003/2004.
  • On 30 June 2004 the SCR operated the last metre gauge train on the Nizamabad–Manoharabad line[2] bringing to an end the metre gauge services which started in the 1930s on the Secunderabad–Manmad line of the Nizam's State Railways.
  • As on July 2004, South Central Railway established computerized passenger reservation systems at 85 stations/locations covering 96% of the berths available in S.C. Railway.
  • South Central Railway has laid 342,805 km of new lines since its inception in the 1966 till July 2004.
  • South Central Railway has converted 2676.19 km of MG track to broad gauge since its inception in 1966 till July 2004 under Project Unigauge.
  • South Central Railway has carried out doubling of track to the extent of 1272.453 km since its inception in 1966 till July 2004.
  • South Central Railway had electrified 1,706 km since its inception in 1966 till July 2004.
  • In 2009, Hyderabad Division became first division in South Central Railway to have LED-based color light signals at all the stations for all signals.


  • The South Central Railway has bagged the prestigious Govind Vallabh Pant Efficiency Shield (jointly with Western Railway) from the railway ministry in recognition of its overall best performance among all the 17 zones of Indian Railways for the year 2011/12.

Divisions in South Central Railway[edit]

HYB bound Godavari Express at Marripalem hauled by LGD shed WAP-4
SC bound Goutami Express at Moulali with WAP-4 loco
17202 Guntur bound Golconda Express

It is organized into six divisions: Vijayawada, Secunderabad, Guntakal, Guntur, Hyderabad and Nanded. It covers over a vast geographical area including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.[1]The list of divisions shown below according to their revenue status.

Vijayawada Division[edit]

Secunderabad Division[edit]

Guntakal Division[edit]

Guntur Division[edit]

Hyderabad Division[edit]

Nanded Division[edit]

  • Manmad Jn. - Parbhani Jn. - Purna Jn. - Pimpalkutti.
  • Purna Jn. - Akola Jn.
  • Parbhani Jn. - Parli Vaijnath.

Notable Trains[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "About Us". South Central Railway. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012. 
  2. ^ "Last MG train pulls out of Nizamabad station". The Hindu. 1 July 2004. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 

External links[edit]