South Croxton

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South Croxton
South Croxton.jpg
A view towards South Croxton
South Croxton is located in Leicestershire
South Croxton
South Croxton
 South Croxton shown within Leicestershire
OS grid reference SK685105
District Charnwood
Shire county Leicestershire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire

Coordinates: 52°41′16″N 0°59′09″W / 52.6879°N 0.9857°W / 52.6879; -0.9857

South Croxton (traditionally pronounced "crow-sun" [ˈkroʊsən]) is a village and civil parish in the Charnwood district of Leicestershire, England.[1] It has a population of around 250. Nearby places are Beeby, Barsby and Twyford.

Governance and facilities[edit]

The Parish Council meets on the first Monday of the month in the Village Hall. The meetings are open. The Village Hall Committee meets there on the second Thursday of the month. A programme of improvements to the hall begun in 2007 continues. The Golden Fleece reopened in 2008 as a pub/restaurant. The village also has riding stables in Three Turns Lane, a Women's Institute that meets monthly, and a Wednesday Luncheon Club meeting every other month.[2] The village is served on Monday to Saturday by the hourly daytime bus service No. 100 between Leicester and Melton Mowbray.[3] The nearest railway station is at Leicester (8 km). The local school closed about 1965.[4] The nearest primary school today is at Gaddesby (4 km). There have been no shops since 1995, but there is a playing field with a slide and a single football goal.[5]

Heritage[edit]

The recorded population of South Croxton in the last two centuries varied between a high of 324 in 1851 and to a low of 153 in 1951. It was 234 at the time of the 2001 census. The highest point is the church, at 120 metres above mean sea level. This falls to 85 metres by the Queniborough Brook. The moated area to the north of the church formed part of a medieval manor enclosure and has yielded Saxon remains. Signs of medieval ridge and furrow field patterns can be seen to the north of the moated area.

Carved stone font at St John's church

The Grade II* listed Church of St John's and four farmhouses in the parish (Bell Dip, Hill Top, North Manor, South Manor) are listed historic buildings.[6] The village was designated as a Conservation Area in 1975, for its special architectural and historic interest. It has 90 houses, a 14th-century church, a pub (the Golden Fleece) and a village hall, formerly the local school. A considerable number of unlisted buildings are also of architectural interest, having "survived relatively unchanged over the last hundred years." Some are still roofed in slate that was quarried at nearby Swithland, some later ones in Welsh slate.[7]

As a community South Croxton antedates Domesday (where it is referred to as Crochestone) and probably the coming of the Danes. It appears as "Sudcroxtun" in the Coroner’s Rolls (county records) of 1212.[8] There were two manors known as Nether End and Upper End, divided by the Queniborough brook. These were enclosed in 1757 and 1794 respectively. There was a short-lived frame knitting industry in the village in the first half of the 19th century. The group of older houses down School Lane once formed a separate hamlet called West Thorpe.[9] Since the 1960s, the character of South Croxton has largely changed from a farming community into a dormitory suburb for Leicester.[10]

In 2000, a grant was obtained to clean up the Queniborough Brook at the bridge and to provide seating there and at the top of the hill. Halfway up the hill, a little obelisk made of tiles produced by local children was placed to mark the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 2002.[11] There is a public footpath from Lowesby past the deserted medieval village of Baggrave to South Croxton.[12] This passes the mid-18th century Baggrave Hall, which was badly damaged by developers in 1988–89 and then abandoned.[13] There is also a public footpath following the brook to the village of Queniborough.

The Anglican church of St John the Baptist is the only place of worship in the village, although there was at one time a Methodist congregation.[14] The Anglican parish is united with All Saints', Beeby. It forms part of the South West Framland Cluster of Parishes. The church is built in the late Decorated style, of local honey-coloured Waltham ironstone and dates mainly from the early 14th century, when it replaced an earlier stone building probably from the Saxon period. However, the Romanesque font of the earlier church remains. The south aisle and the roof were built a hundred years later. The bells, cast in 1636, remain in the tower, but unhung. Extensive repairs had to be made in 1925 due to subsidence.[15] A 15th-century oak roof corbel from the church is displayed at the Charnwood Museum in Loughborough.[16]

Eminent local people[edit]

Croxton of old[edit]

"CROXTON (South), a parish in Barrow-upon-Soar district, Leicester; on an affluent of the river Wreak, 4 miles SSE of Brooksby r. station, and 7 SW of Melton-Mowbray. It has a post office, of the name of Croxton, under Leicester. Acres, 1,760. Real property, £2,535. Pop., 311. Houses, 68. The property is subdivided. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Peterborough. Value, £130. Patron, the Duke of Rutland. The church is old but good; and comprises nave, aisles, chancel, and steeple. Charities, £32 and four cottages." [John Marius Wilson's "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales." 1870-72][19]

A book of descriptive and oral history, South Croxton: The Village on the Hill by Philip Snelders, was published in 2007 and reprinted in 2008.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ South Croxton Village Website
  2. ^ Village website: Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  3. ^ Timetable: Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  4. ^ BBC Domesday site (researched in 1985): Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  5. ^ Village website.
  6. ^ English Heritage: Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  7. ^ South Croxton Conservation Appraisal, November 2005: Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  8. ^ South Croxton Conservation...
  9. ^ South Croxton Conservation...
  10. ^ Interview excerpt with old resident on BBC Domesday site: Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  11. ^ Village website.
  12. ^ Walk description: Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  13. ^ Institute of Historic Building. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  14. ^ BBC Domesday site.
  15. ^ Village website.
  16. ^ Leicestershire county site. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
  17. ^ Catholic Encyclopaedia (1913): s:Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps De Lisle
  18. ^ 500 race site: [1].
  19. ^ Vision of Britain. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  20. ^ ISBN 095502451X.

External links[edit]