South Dakota's 1st congressional district
South Dakota's 1st congressional district is now obsolete. It existed from 1913 to 1983.
When South Dakota was admitted into the Union in 1889, it was allocated two congressional seats, both of which were elected state-wide at-large. This continued until South Dakota received a third congressional seat after the 1910 Census, and individual districts were established.
From 1913 until 1933, the newly created 1st District covered 21 counties in southeastern South Dakota, including the state's largest city Sioux Falls. When South Dakota's 3rd congressional district was eliminated after the 1930 Census, the 1st District was expanded to include all of the counties in South Dakota east of the Missouri River. Population changes eventually reduced the district size until it again covered just 21 counties in the eastern part of the state. During the 97th Congress, it included the cities of Aberdeen, Brookings, Sioux Falls, Watertown, Vermillion, and Yankton.
List of representatives
|District created||March 4, 1913|
|Charles H. Dillon||Republican||March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1919||Yankton||Did not run for reelection in 1918|
|Charles A. Christopherson||Republican||March 4, 1919 – March 3, 1933||Sioux Falls||Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932|
|Fred H. Hildebrandt||Democratic||March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1939||Watertown||Unsuccessful candidate for United States Senator in 1938|
|Karl Earl Mundt||Republican||January 3, 1939 – December 30, 1948||Madison||Appointed United States Senator|
|Vacant||December 30, 1948 – January 3, 1949|
|Harold Lovre||Republican||January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1957||Hayti||Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1956|
|George McGovern||Democratic||January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1961||Mitchell||Unsuccessful candidate for United States Senator in 1960|
|Ben Reifel||Republican||January 3, 1961 - January 3, 1971||Aberdeen||Did not run for reelection in 1970|
|Frank E. Denholm||Democratic||January 3, 1971 - January 3, 1975||Brookings||Defeated for reelection in 1974|
|Larry Pressler||Republican||January 3, 1975 - January 3, 1979||Humboldt||Elected United States Senator in 1978|
|Tom Daschle||Democratic||January 3, 1979 - January 3, 1983||Aberdeen||Redistricted to the At-large district in 1982|
|District eliminated||January 3, 1983|
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present