South Dakota's at-large congressional district

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South Dakota's At-large congressional district
SD-AtLarge.gif
Current Representative Kristi Noem (RCastlewood)
Area 75,885 mi2
Distribution 55.8% urban, 44.2% rural
Population (2010) 814,180
Median income $47,223
Ethnicity 84.7% White, 1.2% Black, 1.0% Asian, 2.7% Hispanic, 8.5% Native American, 2.0% other
Cook PVI R+9

South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District is the sole congressional district for the state of South Dakota. Based on size, it is the fifth largest congressional district in the nation.

The district is currently represented by Republican Kristi Noem.

History[edit]

The district was created when South Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing two members At-Large (statewide). Following the 1910 Census a third seat was gained, with the legislature drawing three separate districts. The third district was eliminated after the 1930 Census.

Following the 1980 Census the second seat was eliminated, creating a single At-Large district. Since 1983, South Dakota has retained a single congressional district.

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 2, 2013
Party Total Voters Percentage
  Democratic 190,212 35.77%
  Republican 244,111 45.91%
  Minor Parties 1,523 0.29%
  Unaffiliated 95,846 18.03%
Total 531,692 100%

Presidential Performance[edit]

Performance Average - Democrat (40.16%), Republican (57.82%), Third Party (2.03%)

2008 Presidential primary[edit]

Democratic primary[edit]

Hillary Rodham Clinton of New York won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota Democratic Primary with 55.35% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while Barack Obama of Illinois received 44.65%. The state/at-large congressional district gave Clinton her final win during the course of the historic and heavily drawn-out 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary season.

Republican primary[edit]

John McCain of Arizona easily won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota GOP Primary with 70.19% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while libertarian-leaning Ron Paul of Texas finished in second place in the state/congressional district with 16.52%.

Recent elections[edit]

2004 special election[edit]

Incumbent U.S. Representative Bill Janklow resigned the seat January 20, 2004, after he was convicted of second-degree manslaughter, triggering a special election. Democrat Stephanie Herseth was selected as the Democratic nominee for this special election and she defeated Republican Larry Diedrich with 51 percent of the vote in a close-fought election on June 1, 2004. Herseth's victory briefly gave the state its first all-Democratic congressional delegation since 1937.

2004 general election[edit]

In the November general election, Herseth was elected to a full term with 53.4 percent of the vote, an increase of a few percentage points compared with the even closer June special elections. Herseth's vote margin in June was about 3,000 votes, but by November it had grown to over 29,000.

Herseth thereby became the first woman in state history to win a full term in the U.S. Congress.

Both elections were hard-fought and close compared to many House races in the rest of the United States, and the special election was watched closely by a national audience. The general election was also viewed as one of the most competitive in the country, but was overshadowed in the state by the highly competitive U.S. Senate race between Democrat Tom Daschle and Republican John Thune, which Thune narrowly won.

2006 election[edit]

South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (inc.) 230,468 69.09 +15.73
Republican Bruce Whalen 97,864 29.34 -16.57
Libertarian Larry Rudebusch 5,230 1.57 +0.85
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 333,562

2008 election[edit]

South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (inc.) 256,041 67.56 -1.53
Republican Chris Lien 122,966 32.44 +3.10
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 379,007

2010 election[edit]

South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (inc.) 146,589 45.89 -21.67
Republican Kristi Noem 153,703 48.12 +15.68
Independent B. Thomas Marking 19,134 5.99 +5.99
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
Turnout 319,426

2012 election[edit]

South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kristi Noem (inc.) 207,640 57.45 +9.33
Democratic Matt Varilek 153,789 42.55 -3.34
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 361,429

List of representatives[edit]

Two seats were created in 1889. They were changed into three districts in 1913. One at-large seat remained after 1983.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
51 November 2, 1889 –
March 4, 1891
John A. Pickler.jpg John Pickler Republican First elected in 1889
Re-elected in 1890
Re-elected in 1892
Re-elected in 1894
Retired
Oscar Sherman Gifford.jpg Oscar S. Gifford Republican Was Dakota Territory's territorial delegate
Elected in 1889
Lost renomination
52 March 4, 1891 –
August 14, 1891
John Rankin Gamble.jpg John Rankin Gamble Republican Elected in 1890
Died
August 14, 1891 –
December 7, 1891
Vacant
December 7, 1891 –
March 4, 1893
John L. Jolley.jpg John L. Jolley Republican Elected to finish Gamble's term
Retired
53 March 4, 1893 –
March 4, 1895
William Vincent Lucas.jpg William V. Lucas Republican Elected in 1892
Lost renomination
54 March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1897
Robert Gamble.jpg Robert J. Gamble Republican Elected in 1894
Lost re-election
55 March 4, 1897 –
March 4, 1899
John Edward Kelley (South Dakota).jpg John Edward Kelley Populist Elected in 1896
Lost re-election
Freeman Knowles (South Dakota).jpg Freeman Knowles Populist Elected in 1896
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
56 March 4, 1899 –
March 4, 1901
Burke 14886r.jpg Charles H. Burke Republican First elected in 1898
Re-elected in 1900
Re-elected in 1902
Re-elected in 1904
Lost renomination
Robert Gamble.jpg Robert J. Gamble Republican Elected in 1898
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
57 March 4, 1901 –
March 4, 1903
Eben W. Martin.jpg Eben Martin Republican First elected in 1900
Re-elected in 1902
Re-elected in 1904
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
58 March 4, 1903 –
March 4, 1905
59 March 4, 1905 –
March 4, 1907
60 March 4, 1907 –
June 26, 1908
Philo Hall (South Dakota).jpg Philo Hall Republican Elected in 1906
Lost renomination
William H. Parker (South Dakota).jpg William H. Parker Republican Elected in 1906
Died
June 26, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
Vacant
November 3, 1908 –
March 4, 1909
Eben W. Martin.jpg Eben Martin Republican First elected to finish Parker's term
Elected to next full term
Re-elected in 1910
Redistricted to the 2nd district, and was re-elected there in 1912
61 March 4, 1909 –
March 4, 1911
Burke 14886r.jpg Charles H. Burke Republican First elected in 1908
Re-elected in 1910
Redistricted to the 1st district, and was re-elected there in 1912
62 March 4, 1911 –
March 4, 1913
In 1913, the two at-large seats were replaced by three districts. There were no at-large seats, therefore, until 1983.
By 1983, the remaining two district seats were reduced to one at-large seat.
98 January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
Tom Daschle, official Senate photo.jpg Tom Daschle Democratic Redistricted from the 1st district, and re-elected in 1982
Re-elected in 1984
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
99 January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1987
100 January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
Tim Johnson official portrait, 2009.jpg Tim Johnson Democratic First elected in 1986
Re-elected in 1988
Re-elected in 1990
Re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
101 January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
102 January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
103 January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
104 January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1997
105 January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 1999
John Thune official photo.jpg John Thune Republican First elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
106 January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
107 January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
108 January 3, 2003 –
January 20, 2004
Janklow.jpg Bill Janklow Republican Elected in 2002
Resigned when convicted of vehicular manslaughter
January 20, 2004 –
June 3, 2004
Vacant
June 3, 2004 –
January 3, 2005
SHS Official Headshot.jpg Stephanie Herseth Sandlin Democratic First elected to finish Janklow's term
Elected to full term in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Lost re-election
109 January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2007
110 January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
111 January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
112 January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Kristi Noem portrait.jpg Kristi Noem Republican First elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012
113 January 3, 2013 –
present

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°30′N 100°00′W / 44.5°N 100°W / 44.5; -100