List of state-named roadways in Washington, D.C.

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State-Named Roadways
L'Enfant's plan called for grand avenues, many of which are named after the original 13 states
Street names
North–south streets: Numbered
East–west streets: Lettered, then alphabetical naming
Diagonal avenues: U.S. states and Puerto Rico
System links

As the capital of the United States, 51 roadways in Washington, D.C. are named after each state and the territory of Puerto Rico. Many of these roadways are major avenues that serve as the city's principal traffic arteries. Every state lends its name to an avenue except for California Street and Ohio Drive.

While streets in Washington are generally laid out in a grid pattern, the state-named avenues often form diagonal connections between the city's many traffic circles and squares as envisioned in the L'Enfant Plan for the city. However, avenues named for Arizona, Hawaii, Indiana, Mississippi, and Puerto Rico connect to no other state-named roadways. Avenues named for Connecticut, Georgia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin continue into neighboring Maryland, often as state highways, but none of the state-named avenues continue into Virginia. Most avenues exist in one or two quadrants, except for Pennsylvania and Virginia Avenues, which travel through three of the four quadrants (it is mathematically impossible for a straight street to exist in all four quadrants), though they exist in multiple sections.

List[edit]

Name Quadrant(s) Details Total length
(in the District)
Alabama Avenue SE Part-primary road and part-residential street which runs from Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue in Congress Heights to E Street in Benning Ridge, following a winding path. 5.0 mi (8.0 km)[1][2]
Alaska Avenue NW Secondary road runs from 16th Street to Kalmia Road and Georgia Avenue in Shepherd Park, built in 1911.[3] 0.8 mi (1.3 km)[4]
Arizona Avenue NW Secondary road in that runs from Canal to Loughboro Roads in Kent. One of a handful of state-named roadways that does not connect to another state-named roadway. In 1947, Senator Carl Hayden proposed to build a four-lane divided highway called Arizona Avenue through the Glover-Archbold Park, from Canal Street in Georgetown to Wisconsin Avenue in Friendship Heights.[5] Hayden's proposed highway was not built; the path is now the Glover-Archibald Trail and the Massachusetts-39th Trail. Instead Weaver Street and Weaver Place were renamed Arizona Avenue in 1954[6] after a suggestion by the American University Park Citizens' Association.[7] 0.9 mi (1.4 km)[8][9]
Arkansas Avenue NW Secondary road that runs from 16th Street to Georgia Avenue / Gallatin Street, running along the border in Petworth and Sixteenth Street Heights. 1.0 mi (1.6 km)[10]
California Street NW Residential street in Kalorama and Embassy Row. The main segment runs from Massachusetts Avenue to Columbia Road, but another short segment runs from 19th Street to Florida Avenue, one block east from the main segment. The longer street was originally T Street until it was renamed in 1901.[11] The shorter segment was originally V Street until it was renamed in 1911.[12] There used to be a California Avenue located in Burleith.[11] 0.7 mi (1.1 km)[13][14]
Colorado Avenue NW Residential street that runs from a in Crestwood to Georgia and Missouri Avenues in Brightwood. 2.5 mi (4.0 km)[15]
Connecticut Avenue NW Arterial street that runs from K Street in Downtown Washington to Chevy Chase Circle, continuing north as Maryland State Route 185. The road runs for one block between H and I Streets, between Farragut and Lafayette Square. 5.0 mi (8.0 km)[16][17]
Delaware Avenue SW, NE Residential street that is one of the four avenues centered around the Capitol. The street has several intermittent segments: one runs in from Canal to H Streets in Southwest Waterfront. Another section in the same neighborhood exists for one block from Washington Avenue to C Street in front of the Rayburn House Office Building. A stretch north of the Capitol exists between Constitution Avenue and Columbus Circle. The trajectory is occupied by Northeast Corridor and Red Line tracks, except for one block between L and M Streets. 0.9 mi (1.4 km)[18][19][20]
Florida Avenue NW, NE Major street in that was originally known as Boundary Street, the northern boundary of Pierre L'Enfant's original plan for the Federal City. In 1890, the city expanded beyond the borders of the original plan, and the street was renamed. The road runs from an intersection with Massachusetts Avenue and 22nd and Q Streets in Embassy Row along a winding path due to the city's topography, until 9th Street where the road follows a straight trajectory. The road terminates at an intersection with H Street NE near the Starburst Plaza intersection in Trinidad. 4.0 mi (6.4 km)[21][22][23]
Georgia Avenue NW A major north-south artery that carries U.S. Route 29 in the District of Columbia and continues outside the District as Maryland State Route 97. Georgia Avenue begins in Columbia Heights north of Florida Avenue NW, which was the boundary of the Old City and is a continuation of 7th Street NW. Traveling northward, the street passes Howard University and Fort Stevens into Montgomery County, Maryland, where it carries. The total length of the road is about 24 miles (39 km), of which 5 miles (8.0 km) are in Washington, D.C. Georgia Avenue was originally named 7th Street Extended, and later Brightwood Avenue, before receiving its present name. Prior to this, Potomac Avenue in Southeast Washington was called Georgia Avenue. 5 miles (8.0 km)
Hawaii Avenue NE Residential street in Fort Totten. Runs from North Capitol Street to Taylor Street NE along the athletic fields at The Catholic University of America. One of a handful of state-named roadways that connects to no other state-named roadways. Built in 1939,[24] after a request from then-territorial delegate Samuel W. King.[25] .6 miles (0.97 km)
Idaho Avenue NW Residential street in McLean Gardens. Runs from Cathedral Avenue to Rodman Street. .8 miles (1.3 km)
Illinois Avenue NW Street in Petworth. Begins at Rock Creek Church Road, passes through Grant and Sherman Circles, and ends at Georgia Avenue and Longfellow Street. 1.5 miles (2.4 km)
Indiana Avenue NW Street in Judiciary Square. Runs from 7th Street to 4th Street. Previously ran from 12th Street, but portions were obliterated by the Federal Triangle complex. This street was originally named Louisiana Avenue. The original Indiana Avenue ran from 4th Street to 1st Street and was demolished to construct the headquarters of the United States Department of Labor and the Center Leg Freeway. A short, noncontiguous portion of Indiana Avenue near the intersection of First Street and C Street is all that remains of the original route. .3 miles (0.48 km)
Iowa Avenue NW Street in Sixteenth Street Heights. Runs from 14th and Emerson Streets to Georgia Avenue and Varnum Street. There is also a nearby stretch from Piney Branch Road to Gallatin Road near 16th Street. .6 miles (0.97 km)
Kansas Avenue NW, NE A key thoroughfare that runs from through Petworth. It begins at Eastern Avenue, then crosses Blair Road. Later it crosses Missouri Avenue before meeting Sherman Circle, where Crittenden Street, Illinois Avenue, and 7th Street intersect. It crosses Georgia Avenue, where it exits the Petworth neighborhood. After crossing 13th Street it ends at Spring Road, right near the northern part of Columbia Heights. It runs parallel to New Hampshire Avenue. 2.6 miles (4.2 km)
Kentucky Avenue SE A street that begins at East Capitol Street SE in Lincoln Park to Barney Circle near Pennsylvania Avenue and I-695 to RFK Stadium. .8 miles (1.3 km)
Louisiana Avenue NW, NE The northern counterpart to Washington Avenue. Though only a few blocks from the capitol, was not in L’Enfant’s original plan. Runs from 2nd Street and Constitution Avenue to Columbus Circle. In the 19th century, much of present-day Indiana Avenue was named Louisiana Avenue. .4 miles (0.64 km)
Maine Avenue SW A diagonal avenue that begins Independence Avenue and 17th Street, runs along the Southwest Waterfront, has an interchange with Interstate 395, and ends at 6th and M Streets. 1.2 miles (1.9 km)
Maryland Avenue SW, NE Along with Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey Avenues, Maryland Avenue is one of four avenues centered around the U.S. Capitol. Exists in several intermittent sections, including one running from 12th Street one block in a cul-de-sac in a development built over railroad tracks, from 7th to 1st Streets, in front of the Capitol, and as a major street running from 1st Street in Carver Langston. The portion from Constitution Avenue NE to Bladensburg Road NE once carried U.S. 1. There are plans to make the section along the railroad tracks continuous within the Federal Center Southwest neighborhood. 2.8 miles (4.5 km)
Massachusetts Avenue SE, NE, NW Major traffic-carrying artery that one of only two avenues in the District to go through three of the four quadrants. The largest segment begins at 19th Street in the Barney Circle neighborhood, passes through many of the major circles and squares in Washington and runs along Embassy Row, before leaving Washington at Westmoreland Circle, where it continues into Maryland as Maryland State Route 396. This main segment runs 8.4 miles in Washington and an additional 2.3 miles in Maryland. A smaller segment (1.6 miles) runs east of the Anacostia River from 30th Street in Greenway to Southern Avenue. 10 miles (16 km)
Michigan Avenue NW, NE Major street that begins at Warder Street near the McMillan Reservoir, winds its way through the Brookland neighborhood past various hospitals and colleges, ending at Eastern Avenue in the Michigan Park neighborhood, where it becomes Queens Chapel Road (Maryland State Route 500). Formerly named Bunker Hill Road, after nearby Fort Bunker Hill. 2.8 miles (4.5 km)
Minnesota Avenue SE, NE Major street that begins at Good Hope Road in Anacostia, runs parallel to the Anacostia River and the Anacostia Freeway, and ends at Sheriff and Benning Roads in Deanwood. A shorter segment (0.4 miles) exists near the Deanwood Metro Station. 3.5 miles (5.6 km)
Mississippi Avenue SE Street that runs from South Capitol Street in Congress Heights to Southern Avenue in Oxon Run Park, generally parallel to Alabama Avenue. One of the few state-named avenues that doesn't connect to any other state avenues. Before 1908, it was named Hamilton Road.[26] 2.4 miles (3.9 km)
Missouri Avenue NW Street that runs from Military Road and 14th Street in Brightwood to North Capitol Street and Riggs Road in Petworth. Until 1937, it was named Concord Avenue.[27] In the mid-19th century, Missouri Avenue was located near the Capitol Building.[28] 1.4 miles (2.3 km)
Montana Avenue NE Street in Langdon that runs from Rhode Island Avenue to Bladensburg Road. There is also a discontinuous dead-end Montana Avenue off of Franklin Street, between 5th and 6th streets. 1 mile (1.6 km)
Nebraska Avenue NW A thoroughfare that runs runs from Oregon Avenue in Chevy Chase, passes several circles and American University, and transitions to Loughboro Road at an intersection with Chain Bridge Road. Named Chain Bridge Road until 1906.[29] 3.5 miles (5.6 km)
Nevada Avenue NW Street in Chevy Chase that winds from Western Avenue to Broad Branch Road. 1 mile (1.6 km)
New Hampshire Avenue NW Street in Northwest Washington. Begins at F St NW in Foggy Bottom outside the Kennedy Center and continues to 15th Street NW and Florida Avenue NW in Columbia Heights. A second section, parallel to Kansas Avenue, runs from Park Road NW in Columbia Heights to Eastern Avenue NE in Lamond Riggs, where it continues as Maryland State Route 650. The southern section is 1.9 miles, and the northern section has 2.8 miles in D.C. and an additional 20+ miles in Maryland. 4.7 miles (7.6 km)
New Jersey Avenue SE, NW Along with Delaware, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, one of four avenues centered around the U.S. Capitol. Segmented into several sections: one runs from Florida Avenue in Shaw, Washington, D.C. to Constitution Avenue outside the Capitol, another runs between Independence Avenue and N Street near the Navy Yard. 2.5 miles (4.0 km)
New Mexico Avenue NW Street in Wesley Heights. Runs from 42nd Street and Tunlaw Road to Nebraska Avenue. Named Tunlaw Street until 1906.[29] .8 miles (1.3 km)
New York Avenue NW, NE Major avenue whose main section runs from 15th Street near the White House into Maryland, where it becomes the John Hanson Highway. From 6th Street to Maryland, it carries U.S. Route 50. A smaller one-block section exists on the west side of the White House in Foggy Bottom. 5.3 miles (8.5 km)
North Carolina Avenue SE, NE Street that runs from E Street and New Jersey Avenue in Capitol Hill to 16th and C Streets in Kingman Park. 1.6 miles (2.6 km)
North Dakota Avenue NW A residential road in Manor Park that is not as long or as heavily used as South Dakota Avenue. Runs from an intersection with Kansas Avenue and Blair Road to an intersection with Sheridan and 3rd Streets. Originally continued northwest to Georgia Avenue, but a Senate bill eliminated that portion in 1912.[30] .4 miles (0.64 km)
Ohio Drive SW A road that loops around West Potomac and East Potomac Parks between the Lincoln, Jefferson and FDR. In the 19th century, Ohio Avenue was a street in the Federal Triangle area. Formerly Riverside Drive, the road was renamed Ohio Drive in 1950.[31] 5.1 miles (8.2 km)
Oklahoma Avenue NE Street in Kingman Park that runs from 21st Street to Benning Road. .4 miles (0.64 km)
Oregon Avenue NW Street in North Chevy Chase that runs from Military Road, along the west side of Rock Creek Park to Western Avenue. Until 1938, it was named Daniel Road.[32] The original Oregon Avenue was in Shaw and was renamed Swann Street NW in 1938.[32] 1.7 miles (2.7 km)
Pennsylvania Avenue NW, SE Along with Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, one of four avenues that radiates from the U.S. Capitol. Forms the Federal Triangle and connects the Capitol with the White House, which is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW. The western segment begins at M Street in Georgetown, runs in front of the White House, jogs at 15th Street, is interrupted by the U.S. Capitol, but continues into Southeast, crossing into Anacostia over the John Philip Sousa Bridge. 6.1 miles (9.8 km)
Puerto Rico Avenue NE A short road along the Metro tracks which stretches for about five blocks from Taylor Street to the intersection of 6th and Buchanan Streets. At one time street signs named the street ""Porto Rico Avenue"". .4 miles (0.64 km)
Rhode Island Avenue NW, NE A major artery that begins at M Street and Connecticut Avenue in Downtown, goes through Logan Circle, exits the District in Woodridge, and continues for a couple miles in Maryland. For much of its length, it carries U.S. 1. 4.7 miles (7.6 km)
South Carolina Avenue SE Street that runs from 2nd and F Streets into Independence Avenue,15th Street, and Massachusetts Avenue. 1.7 miles (2.7 km)
South Dakota Avenue NE A thoroughfare in that runs from Riggs Road in Lamond Riggs to at New York Avenue in Fort Lincoln. A short non-contiguous section, which lies northwest of the main route of South Dakota Avenue extends off New Hampshire Avenue and terminates at a cul-de-sac. 3.6 miles (5.8 km)
Tennessee Avenue NE The counterpart to Kentucky Avenue. The road begins at Lincoln Park and ends at 15th Street. .6 miles (0.97 km)
Texas Avenue SE Street in Benning Ridge that is segmented into three sections: from Ridge Road to East Capitol Street, from Nash Street to Pennsylvania Avenue, and from 29th to 27th Streets. 1.4 miles (2.3 km)
Utah Avenue NW Street in Upper Chevy Chase that runs from 27th Street to Western Avenue. 1 mile (1.6 km)
Vermont Avenue NW The counterpart to Connecticut Avenue. The road begins at Lafayette Square, passes through McPherson Square in addition to Thomas and Logan Circles, and ends at Florida Avenue near Howard University. 1.5 miles (2.4 km)
Virginia Avenue NW, SW, SE One of only two avenues to go through three of the four quadrants, which exists in several intermittent segments. One runs in Foggy Bottom from the Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway to Constitution Avenue. Another section runs from 7th Street to 2nd Street, and one final section from South Capitol Street to 9th Street, alongside the Southeast Freeway and the CSX tracks. 2.5 miles (4.0 km)
Washington Avenue SW Street which like its counterpart, Louisiana Avenue, is near the Capitol but not in L’Enfant’s parade. The avenue was originally occupied by a canal, but now runs from Independence Avenue and E Street, and serves as a connection between Capitol Hill and Interstate 395. At one time, it was called Canal Street, while a street named Washington Drive existed along a part of the National Mall. Along with Adams Drive, it was converted to a dirt path from the Capitol to the Washington Monument. .4 miles (0.64 km)
West Virginia Avenue NE Street in Trinidad and Ivy City next to Gallaudet University. Runs from K Street to New York Avenue. 1.3 miles (2.1 km)
Wisconsin Avenue NW Major artery in that begins at Georgetown Waterfront Park on the bank of the Potomac River then continues northward into Friendship Heights, crossing into Maryland as Maryland State Route 355 (where it eventually changes names to Rockville Pike). Prior to 1906, Wisconsin Avenue was current-day 37th Street in Burleith.[29] In 1906, Tenley Road was renamed Wisconsin Avenue.[29] 4.3 miles (6.9 km)
Wyoming Avenue NW Residential street in Kalorama that runs from Kalorama Road to 18th Street. .8 miles (1.3 km)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Alabama Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  2. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Alabama Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Big Tract Is Divided". The Washington Post. February 12, 1911. p. 8. 
  4. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Alaska Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  5. ^ Rogers, Harold B. (December 21, 1947). "Hayden Bill Asks Developing Arizona Avenue: Four-lane Freeway Would Be Built from Canal Road". Washington Evening Star. p. 33. 
  6. ^ "Weaver Street Change to Arizona Ave. OK'd". Washington Evening Star. January 12, 1954. p. 1. 
  7. ^ "AU Park Unit Backs Public Works, Urges Tax Criticism Delay". Washington Evening Star. December 8, 1953. p. 33. 
  8. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Arizona Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  9. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Arizona Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  10. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Arkansas Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Streets Named Anew: Commissioners Fix Highway Nomenclature for Suburbs". The Washington Post. August 15, 1901. p. 2. 
  12. ^ "District Bills". The Washington Post. December 16, 1908. p. 4. 
  13. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "California Street" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  14. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "California Street" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  15. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Colorado Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  16. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Connecticut Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  17. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Connecticut Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  18. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Delaware Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  19. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Delaware Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  20. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Delaware Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  21. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Florida Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  22. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Florida Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  23. ^ Google (January 18, 2015). "Florida Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 18, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Last Death Crossing in D.C. Doomed". The Washington Post. February 1, 1939. p. 17. 
  25. ^ "Hawaii Avenue For D.C. Is Asked". The Washington Post. January 21, 1938. p. X9. 
  26. ^ "Changes Ordered in Street Names". Washington Evening Star. April 9, 1908. p. 4. 
  27. ^ "District Building Sale is Weighed by Budget Bureau". Washington Evening Star. February 24, 1937. p. 21. 
  28. ^ Savage, Kirk (2009). Monument Wars: Washington, D.C., the National Mall, and the Transformation of the Memorial Landscape. p. 46. ISBN 9780520271333. 
  29. ^ a b c d "Naming New Streets". The Washington Post. April 26, 1905. p. 10. 
  30. ^ "Agrees to District Items". The Washington Post. July 27, 1912. p. 4. 
  31. ^ "Ohio Drive is Dedicated at Hains Point". The Washington Post. July 10, 1950. p. B1. 
  32. ^ a b "Collins Will Ask Senate to Kill Firemen's Bill". Washington Evening Star. May 26, 1938. p. B1. 

External links[edit]