The South Dakota corrections system has the Juvenile Corrections System, its network of juvenile facilities.
The State Treatment and Rehabilitation Academy (STAR Academy) is located in unincorporatedCuster County, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) south of Custer on U.S. Highway 385. STAR Evergreen High School serves as the middle and high school for delinquent youth. The STAR campus includes several units. The STAR Admissions Unit processes new arrivals. The Youth Challenge Center and the Patrick H. Brady Academy serve young men. The QUEST and Excel programs serve young women.
The West Farm in unincorporated Minnehaha County, near Sioux Falls, serves as the juvenile transitional care facility for boys who are about to go back into their communities.
Over the past ten years leading to 2010, prison staff have identified approximately 150 different gangs in South Dakota's State Prisons. Of those, eight are currently active at the South Dakota State Penitentiary in Sioux Falls. Most have racial allegiances, like the Gangster Disciples, an African American street gang and the Sureños, a Hispanic street gang. Warden Doug Weber told KSFY-TV that two gangs actually formed at the South Dakota State Penitentiary: the Family Brotherhood is an Ayran gang and the Red Brotherhood is a Native American gang.
Since the establishment of the South Dakota Department of Corrections, 4 officers have died in the line of duty, the most recent being Officer Ronald E. "RJ" Johnson. Officer Johnson was killed during an escape attempt from a high-medium security unit of the South Dakota State Penitentiary at Sioux Falls, South Dakota, known colloquially as "The Hill". Three inmates have been convicted of crimes related to the escape attempt. Eric Robert and Rodney Berget received death sentences related to the killing. Robert was executed October 2012. Berget is appealing his sentence. Michael Nordman received a life sentence for crimes related to providing materials to the escapees.