South Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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South Derbyshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South Derbyshire in Derbyshire.
Outline map
Location of Derbyshire within England.
County Derbyshire
Electorate 71,326 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Melbourne, Swadlincote, Willington
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Heather Wheeler (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Derby North
Derby South
Belper
South East Derbyshire
1832 (1832)1950 (1950)
Number of members 1832–1885: Two
1885–1950: One
Type of constituency County constituency
Created from Derbyshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

South Derbyshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Heather Wheeler, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The pre-2010 boundaries of South Derbyshire

South Derbyshire constituency covers Derbyshire to the south of the city of Derby, forming a tapering salient surrounded by Staffordshire and Leicestershire.

The constituency was originally created after the Reform Act in 1832 when Derbyshire was divided into North Derbyshire and South Derbyshire.

The present constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Derby North, Derby South, Belper, and South East Derbyshire. It was now made up of the District of South Derbyshire, as well as three wards of the City of Derby: Boulton, Chellaston, and Mickleover. When Parliament implemented the plans of the Boundary Commission's Fourth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies 1995 that came into effect for 1997, Mickleover ward was transferred to Derby South, leaving the constituency as the district of South Derbyshire with the addition of the City of Derby wards of Boulton and Chellaston. Under the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, approved for the 2010 general election, the constituency shed the two City of Derby wards to become coterminous with its district.[n 3]

Constituency profile[edit]

This marginal constituency consists of rural and semi-rural settlements, including Repton (with its famous public school), in which a majority of voters have, in local elections since World War II, been Tory-voting, plus more historically industrial, and manufacturing-focussed settlements such as Swadlincote where the electorate has been for the most part Labour-voting.

Workless claimants were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, and very close to that of the Mid Derbyshire seat, at 1.9%. Also similar is the regionally lowest jobseeker seat of Derbyshire Dales, with only 1.5% of the population registered as jobseekers.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election First member[3] First party Second member[3] Second party
1832 Hon. George Venables-Vernon Whig The Lord Waterpark Whig
1835 Sir George Harpur Crewe, Bt Tory Sir Roger Gresley, Bt Tory
1837 Francis Hurt Tory
1841 Edward Miller Mundy Conservative Charles Robert Colvile Peelite
1849 by-election William Mundy Conservative
1857 William Evans Liberal
1859 William Mundy Conservative
1865 Charles Robert Colvile Liberal
1868 Rowland Smith Conservative Sir Thomas Gresley, Bt Conservative
1869 by-election Sir Henry Wilmot, Bt Conservative
1874 William Evans Liberal
1885 radical boundary changes, reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Henry Wardle Liberal
1892 by-election Harrington Evans Broad Liberal
1895 John Gretton Conservative
1906 Sir Herbert Henry Raphael Liberal
1918 Henry Holman Gregory Coalition Liberal
1922 Henry Dubs Lorimer Conservative
1924 Sir James Augustus Grant Conservative
1929 David Pole Labour
1931 Paul Emrys-Evans Conservative
1945 Arthur Champion Labour
1950 constituency abolished

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1983 Edwina Currie Conservative
1997 Mark Todd Labour
2010 Heather Wheeler Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: South Derbyshire[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Heather Wheeler 22,935 45.5% +8.1
Labour Michael Edwards 15,807 31.4% -11.5
Liberal Democrat Alexis Diouf 8,012 15.9% +3.0
BNP Peter Jarvis 2,193 4.3% +0.3
UKIP Charles Swabey 1,206 2.4% +2.4
Socialist Labour Paul Liversuch 266 0.5% +0.5
Majority 7,128 14.1
Turnout 50,419 71.4% +4.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing -9.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mark Todd 24,823 44.5 −6.2
Conservative Simon Spencer 20,328 36.4 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Deborah Newton-Cook 7,600 13.6 +3.5
BNP David Joines 1,797 3.2 N/A
Veritas Edward Spalton 1,272 2.3 N/A
Majority 4,495 8.1
Turnout 55,820 65.6 +1.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2001: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mark Todd 26,338 50.7 -3.8
Conservative James Hakewill 18,487 35.6 +4.3
Liberal Democrat Russell Eagling 5,233 10.1 +1.1
UKIP John Blunt 1,074 2.1 +1.1
Socialist Labour Paul Liversuch 564 1.1
Independent James Taylor 249 0.5
Majority 7,851 15.1
Turnout 51,945 64.1 -14.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mark Todd 32,709 54.5 +10.5
Conservative Edwina Currie 18,742 31.3 -15.9
Liberal Democrat Rob Renold 5,408 9.0 +0.7
Referendum Party Richard A.E. North 2,491 4.2 N/A
UKIP I. E. Crompton 617 1.0 N/A
Majority 13,967 23.2
Turnout 78.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: South Derbyshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edwina Currie 34,266 48.7 −0.4
Labour Mark Todd 29,608 42.1 +8.8
Liberal Democrat Ms. DJ Brass 6,236 8.9 −8.8
Natural Law TW Mercer 291 0.4 +0.4
Majority 4,658 6.6 −9.2
Turnout 70,401 84.7 +3.4
Conservative hold Swing −4.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edwina Currie 31,927 49.1
Labour J. D. Whitby 21,616 33.2
Social Democrat J. Edgar 11,509 17.7
Majority 10,311 15.9
Turnout 81.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edwina Currie 25,909 43.8 N/A
Labour Peter Anthony Kent 17,296 29.2 N/A
Social Democrat Roderick MacFarquhar 15,959 27.0 N/A
Majority 8,613 14.6 N/A
Turnout 78.5 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Joseph Champion 47,586 57.7
Conservative Paul Vychan Emrys-Evans 24,636 29.9
Liberal Norman Heathcote 10,255 12.4
Majority 22,950 27.8 N/A
Turnout 82,477 N/A
Labour gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Derbyshire Southern
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Vychan Emrys-Evans 31,321 51.53
Labour FAP Rowe 29,462 48.47
Majority 1,859 3.06
Turnout 73.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: South Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Vychan Emrys-Evans 33,965 58.64
Labour Major David Pole 23,958 41.36
Majority 10,007 17.28
Turnout 82.34
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Herbert Raphael
General Election December 1910 South Derbyshire[6]

Electorate 17,368

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Henry Raphael 7,744 51.2 -1.3
Liberal Unionist John Bertram Marsden-Smedley 7,373 48.8 +1.3
Majority 371 2.4 -2.6
Turnout 87.0 -3.6
Liberal hold Swing -1.3
General Election January 1910 South Derbyshire[6]

Electorate 17,368

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Henry Raphael 8,259 52.5 -2.7
Conservative John Bertram Marsden-Smedley 7,473 47.5 +2.7
Majority 786 5.0 -5.4
Turnout 90.6 +2.2
Liberal hold Swing -2.7

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 South Derbyshire[6]

Electorate 16,326

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Henry Raphael 7,961 55.2
Conservative John Gretton 6,468 44.8
Majority 1,493 10.4
Turnout 88.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Boulton and Chellaston wards were transferred to Derby South, and Mickleover ward, herein from 1983 to 1997, was transferred from Derby South to Derby North.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/derbyshiresouth, UKPollingReport
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  6. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Coordinates: 52°48′N 1°33′W / 52.80°N 1.55°W / 52.80; -1.55