Baile Átha Cliath Theas
|Motto: Ag Seo Ár gCúram (Irish)
"This We Hold in Trust"
Inset showing South Dublin (darkest green in inset) within Dublin Region (lighter green)
|Dáil Éireann||Dublin Mid–West
|• Type||County Council|
|• Total||222.74 km2 (86.00 sq mi)|
South Dublin (Irish: Baile Átha Cliath Theas) is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Dublin Region and is also located in the province of Leinster. It is named after the county of Dublin. South Dublin County Council is the local authority for the county. In 2011, the population of the county was 265,205 making it the third most populous county in the state.
Geography and political subdivisions
The county town is Tallaght. Other important centres of population are Lucan and Clondalkin. Much of the county is heavily urbanised but small rural settlements exist in the southern and western parts of the county. South Dublin had a population of 246,935 according to the 2006 census. The heraldic crest for South Dublin reads "This We Hold In Trust" in both English and Irish, while incorporating elements relating to the history, geography and present day infrastructure of the area.
South Dublin has an area of 222.74 square kilometres. It is bounded by Dublin city (15 km to the north east), the River Liffey to the north separating it from Fingal, County Kildare to the west and its hills adjoin the mountains of County Wicklow to the south.
Towns and villages
Several urban areas in South Dublin County are also traditionally suburbs of Dublin city. For the purposes of planning and management, the County Council designates the status of towns, villages and suburbs in three tiers - town, district centre and local centre. In the current development plan, the towns and district centres are listed as:
- Tallaght, the county seat and the location of the The Square Shopping Centre which was opened in October 1990
- Clondalkin ("to be facilitated and developed as a Town Centre... including northward development")
- Lucan (with notes on the Liffey Valley Centre, and the developing Adamstown area - a future "district centre" - and a stated aim to avoid Lucan merging with Leixlip)
- and with a proposal to develop a Town Centre around the Liffey Valley Centre at Quarryvale
while the more local centres are noted in three groups:
- city suburbs including at least Rathfarnham, Palmerstown, Templeogue, Knocklyon and Greenhills
- villages such as Rathcoole, Newcastle(-Lyons), and Saggart
- new neighbourhoods, some within bigger, older areas - including such as Kilnamanagh, Ballyowen, Finnstown, and, in development, Adamstown.
Legal status and terminology
In Ireland, the usage of the word county nearly always comes before rather than after the county name; thus "County Clare" in Ireland as opposed to "Clare County" in Michigan, US. In the case of those counties created after 1994, they often drop the word county entirely, or use it after the name; thus for example internet search engines show many more uses (on Irish sites) of "South Dublin" than of either "County South Dublin" or "South Dublin County". There appears to be no official guidance in the matter, as even the local authority uses all three forms.
Local government in the region is further regulated by the Local Government Act 1994. This provided for the legal establishment of the following local government administrative areas:
and also recognised the extant Dublin Corporation area, vesting its powers in a renamed entity - Dublin City Council. The statutory instrument giving effect to the Act came into force on 1 January 1994 The instrument also provided for the abolition of Dublin County Council - the entity that had proviously had responsibility for Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin. The four entities collectively comprise the former entity known as County Dublin. This entity, which had been created during the Norman invasion of Ireland, was abolished under the Acts.
South Dublin was based on an existing electoral division, Belgard (An Bealach Ard), whose boundaries were only finalized in 1993, to accommodate the M50 motorway, and then used when it was made an Administrative County in 1994 (Fingal and Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown's boundaries and names were both set in 1985). The name of Belgard did have a historical association with the area, being the designation of one of the border fortresses of the Pale that existed in that area. It was altered however due to a view that the name Belgard might create associations with areas of modern development in Tallaght that now also use that name. Various organs of state use alternative subdivisions of the Dublin region for administrative reasons, for example the Dublin postal codes.
Local government and politics
South Dublin County Council is the local authority for the county. It was established at the same time that Dublin County Council and the Corporation of Dún Laoghaire were abolished in 1994, by an Act of the Oireachtas, the Local Government (Dublin) Act 1993. It is one of four councils in the Dublin Region. The county is divided into five local electoral areas for the purpose of elections: Clondalkin (6 councillors), Lucan (5 councillors), Rathfarnham (4 councillors), Tallaght Central (6 councillors), and Tallaght South (5 councillors).
Parts of four constituencies for elections to Dáil Éireann are contained within the county's borders. They are: Dublin Mid–West, Dublin South–West, Dublin South and Dublin South-Central. From 1885 to 1922, much of the area of the present county was encompassed by the historic Westminster constituency of South County Dublin.
The National Basketball Arena in Tallaght is the home venue for both the Ireland national basketball team and Ireland women's national basketball team. The Arena also hosts various National Cup & League matches.
- [>Census of Ireland, 2011. Central Statistics Office, "Actual and Percentage Change in Population by Aggregate Town or Rural Area, Sex, Province County or City, Statistical Indicator and Census Year".
- Census 2006 - Population of each province, county and city
- County Development Plan 2004-2010, South Dublin County Council. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
- Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland, South Dublin County Development Plan 2004-2010, Chapter 5 [PDF]
- Fingal County Council website, where (apart from references to the Council itself) both "Fingal County" and "County Fingal" appear, but much less frequently than "Fingal" alone.
- (Regional Authorities) Establishment Order 1993.
- Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993:
Section 2: "the county", in relation to any time before the establishment day, means the administrative county of Dublin
Section 9(1) On the establishment day— ... (a) the county shall cease to exist.
- "Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993, Section 9.—(1)"
- "On the establishment day—
- (a) the county shall cease to exist,
- (b) the borough shall cease to exist,
- (c) the electoral counties shall cease to exist, and
- (d) the united district of the burial board shall cease to exist."]
- "On the establishment day—
- 2009 "Local Elections – Electoral Area Details". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 15 February 2010.