South East Forests National Park

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South East Forests National Park
New South Wales
IUCN category II (national park)
Elaeocarpus holopetalus hemiepiphyte Devils Creek Tantawangalo.jpg
Black Olive Berry on a Soft Tree Fern at Devil's Creek, South East Forest NP
South East Forests National Park is located in New South Wales
South East Forests National Park
South East Forests National Park
Nearest town or city Merimbula
Coordinates 36°59′14″S 149°28′32″E / 36.98722°S 149.47556°E / -36.98722; 149.47556Coordinates: 36°59′14″S 149°28′32″E / 36.98722°S 149.47556°E / -36.98722; 149.47556
Established 1 January 1997 (1997-01-01)
Area 1,151.77 km2 (444.7 sq mi)
Managing authorities National Parks and Wildlife Service (New South Wales)
Website South East Forests National Park
See also Protected areas of
New South Wales

The South East Forests National Park is a national park located in between the Monaro and South Coast regions of New South Wales, Australia. The 115,177-hectare (284,610-acre) national park is situated 378 kilometres (235 mi) southwest of Sydney.[1] It features high quality old growth eucalyptus forest and remnant patches of temperate rainforest.

History[edit]

The park was created in 1997 by the amalgamation of Genoa, Tantawangalo, Bemboka, Yowaka and Coolangubra National Parks, all of which had been gazetted in 1994. Genoa National Park in turn was the result of the amalgamation of Nalbaugh and Nungatta National Parks, which had been established in 1972 and 1973 respectively.[2]

Until 1968, much of the inland southeastern corner of New South Wales was rugged forest terrain known as the Wallagaraugh Wilderness, and was vacant crown land. At the time, a scientific committee appointed by the New South Wales state government recommended the area of around 100,000 hectares (250,000 acres) be protected as a national park, however the Japanese company Harris-Daishowa sought to log the area for woodchips, and most of the land was categorised as state forest, with only Nalbaugh and Nungatta National Parks declared in what is now South East Forests National Park. Nearby, Mount Imlay and Ben Boyd National Park were gazetted.[3]

Logging began in October 1969,[4] and continued for 25 years despite increasing opposition.[3] The Unsworth Labor State government had proposed an 80,000-hectare (200,000-acre) park as a reelection promise in the 1988 state election, but was not reelected. Later, under the Fahey government,[3] the Genoa, Tantawangalo, Bemboka Yowaka and Coolangubra national parks came into existence in 1994.[2]

Combined with the adjoining Coopracambra National Park located in Victoria across the Black-Allan Line, the South East Forests National Park forms one of the largest contiguous areas of high quality wilderness in south-eastern Australia that spans from Bombala in New South Wales to the town of Cann River in Victoria.[5]

Environment[edit]

The region is known for its variety of eucalypt species,[3] and wet sclerophyll (eucalypt) forests cover 42% of the park.[6] Temperate rainforest is found in sheltered areas, and subalpine bogs at high elevations.[6]

A great variety of animals are found within the park boundaries, including threatened species such as the Smoky Mouse (Pseudomys fumeus), and other species which are vulnerable in New South Wales such as the Olive Whistler (Pachycephala olivacea).[7] The park forms part of the Ulladulla to Merimbula Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for Swift Parrots.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "South East Forests National Park". Office of Environment & Heritage. Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "South East Forests National Park: Culture and History". Office of Environment & Heritage website. NSW Government. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d Wright, Peter (1996). National Parks of Southern NSW. Rosebery, NSW: Bridge Printery. p. 235. ISBN 0-9587590-1-4. 
  4. ^ Moore, Clover (3 September 1992). "SOUTH EAST FORESTS PROTECTION BILL". Parliament of New South Wales: Hansard and Papers. Sydney, New South Wales: State Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Coopracambra National Park: Management Plan" (PDF). Parks Victoria (PDF). August 1998. pp. 2, 9. ISBN 0-7306-6258-6. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "South East Forests National Park: Native vegetation". Office of Environment & Heritage website. NSW Government. Retrieved 15 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "South East Forests National Park: Native animals". Office of Environment & Heritage website. NSW Government. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  8. ^ BirdLife International. (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ulladulla to Merimbula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-01-02.

External links[edit]

Media related to South East Forests National Park at Wikimedia Commons