Southeast Sulawesi

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Southeast Sulawesi
Sulawesi Tenggara
Flag of Southeast Sulawesi
Official seal of Southeast Sulawesi

Location of Southeast Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 3°57′00″S 122°30′00″E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000Coordinates: 3°57′00″S 122°30′00″E / 3.95000°S 122.50000°E / -3.95000; 122.50000
Country Indonesia
Capital Kendari
 • Governor Nur Alam
 • Total 38,140 km2 (14,730 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,230,569
 • Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Buton (23%), Bugis (19%), Tolaki (16%), Muna (15%)
 • Religion Islam (96.2%), Christian (2.3%), Hinduism (1.1%), Buddhism (0.4%)
 • Languages Indonesian, Buton, Bugis
Time zone CIT (UTC+08)

Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tenggara, Sultra for short) is a province of Indonesia on the island of Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of large offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii, plus smaller islands and islets. The capital of the province is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula.

The province has no highway connecting it to the rest of the island, and the primary transportation link is a ferry across the Bone Gulf between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and the port of Kolaka in Southeast Sulawesi.


From the seventeenth century until the early twentieth century, the region was the site of the Buton sultanate (Butung).[citation needed]


The unrevised population of the province was 1,771,951 in the Indonesia 2000 census), increasing to 2,230,569 for the 2010 decennial census. The 2010 census recorded 1,120,225 males, and 1,110,344 females. Kolaka, Muna and Konawe Selatan were the 3 most populous regencies.

Most of the population is centered on Buton and Muna islands off the south coast of Sulawesi, and in and around Kendari.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1971 714,120 —    
1980 942,302 +32.0%
1990 1,349,619 +43.2%
1995 1,586,917 +17.6%
2000 1,821,284 +14.8%
2010 2,232,586 +22.6%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

Ethnic groups[edit]

The main ethnic groups in Southeast Sulawesi are "Tolaki", "Buton", "Muna" etc.


Southeast Sulawesi is divided into twelve regencies (including the new East Kolaka Regency and Konawe Islands Regency, both established in 2013 from parts of Kolaka Regency and Konawe Regency respectively) and two autonomous cities, listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census.[1]

Name Area (km2) Population
Estimate 2005
Census 2010
Kendari (city) 236,269 289,468 Kendari
Konawe Regency # 260,830 241,428 Unaaha
North Konawe Regency
(Konawe Utara)
## 51,447 Wanggudu
South Konawe Regency
(Konawe Selatan)
228,765 264,197 Andoolo
Kolaka Regency # 266,015 314,812 Kolaka
North Kolaka Regency
(Kolaka Utara)
93,427 121,476 Lasasua
Bombana Regency ### 105,847 139,271 Rumbia
Peninsula Regencies
Bau-Bau (city) 118,998 137,118 Bau-Bau
Buton Regency 266,401 255,474 Bau-Bau
North Buton Regency
(Buton Utara)
* 54,816 Burangga
Muna Regency 287,732 268,140 Raha
Wakatobi Regency 96,413 92,922 Wanci, on
Wangi-wangi Island
Island Regencies

Note: On June 24, 2014 parliament agreed to set 3 new regencies: West Muna Regency, South Buton Regency and Central Buton Regency based on consideration of technics, administrative, area, strategic and geopolitic[2]

* The 2005 population for North Buton Regency is included in the figure for Buton Regency.
# The figures for the Konawe Regency include those for the newly established Konawe Islands Regency, and the figures for the Kolaka Regency include those for the newly established East Kolaka Regency (which is wholly insular, essentially consisting of the island of Wawonii).
## The 2005 population for North Konawe Regency is included in the 2005 figure for Konawe Regency.
### Bombana Regency is partly peninsula (the areas around Poleang and Rumbia) and partly insular (including all of Kabaena Island).

In 2012-13 the Indonesian Government enacted the creation of 11 new Regencies and Municipalities, including the following in Southeast Sulawesi:

  • Konawe Islands Regency
  • East Kolaka Regency

Currently under consideration is the establishment of 4 further regencies in Southeast Sulawesi:

  • South Buton Regency
  • Central Buton Regency
  • West Muna Regency
  • Raha Municipality

Sail Wakatobi-Belitung 2011[edit]

Sail Wakatobi-Belitung 2011 (SWB 2011) was the biggest international marine event in Indonesia, following Sail Banda 2010 and Sail Bunaken 2009. The rally started from Darwin, Australia on July 23 and finished in Singapore. In Indonesia it passed through 21 districts and cities.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Riza Harahap (June 24, 2014). "DPR setujui tiga kabupaten baru di Sultra". 
  3. ^

External links[edit]