South Euclid, Ohio

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South Euclid, Ohio
City
Euclid Creek as it flows through the Cleveland Metroparks reservation, part of which was once the site of South Euclid's bluestone quarries.
Euclid Creek as it flows through the Cleveland Metroparks reservation, part of which was once the site of South Euclid's bluestone quarries.
Official seal of South Euclid, Ohio
Seal
Location of South Euclid in Ohio
Location of South Euclid in Ohio
Location of South Euclid in Cuyahoga County
Location of South Euclid in Cuyahoga County
Coordinates: 41°31′19″N 81°31′40″W / 41.52194°N 81.52778°W / 41.52194; -81.52778Coordinates: 41°31′19″N 81°31′40″W / 41.52194°N 81.52778°W / 41.52194; -81.52778
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Euclid Township formed 1809[1]
Village incorporation 1917[1]
City incorporation 1941[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Georgine Welo[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 4.65 sq mi (12.04 km2)
 • Land 4.65 sq mi (12.04 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 958 ft (292 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 22,295
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 22,012
 • Density 4,794.6/sq mi (1,851.2/km2)
  census
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 44121
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-73264[6]
GNIS feature ID 1049189[7]
Website http://www.cityofsoutheuclid.com

South Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an inner-ring suburb of Cleveland located on the city's east side.

Geography[edit]

Acting approximately as a central point for the east side of the Greater Cleveland area, South Euclid is bordered by Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, University Heights, Beachwood, Lyndhurst, Richmond Heights, and Euclid.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.65 square miles (12.04 km2), all of it land.[3]

History[edit]

The land currently comprising South Euclid was part of the Western Reserve, obtained via treaty with the Iroquois confederation in 1796 by the Connecticut Land Company. In 1797, Moses Cleaveland named the area east of the Cuyahoga River Euclid, after the Greek mathematician and "patron saint" of surveyors. Euclid Township was officially formed in 1809. In 1828, Euclid Township was divided into nine districts, with South Euclid becoming district two.

The earliest industry was farming.[8] But, by the 1860s, quarrying of the area's rich Bluestone deposits replaced agriculture as the town's economic mainstay. Two separate locations – one along Nine Mile Creek near present day Quarry Park at South Belvoir and Monticello Boulevards, and the other along what is today part of the Euclid Creek reservation – were consolidated by Forest City Stone Company in the 1870s, creating one of the region's largest producers of the stone.[8] By the end of the 19th century, the northern section of the town had become known as Bluestone village.[9]

Residents of South Euclid eventually wanted autonomy from the larger Euclid Township, and voted on October 13, 1917, to be incorporated as a village, with Edward C. Foote being elected the first mayor a few weeks on November 6.[10] At the same time, with the decline of the Bluestone industry brought on by the invention of cement, Bluestone village was absorbed into South Euclid.[9]

South Euclid's rapid economic and population growth continued in the early decades of the 20th Century, partly driven by industry in nearby Cleveland. Due in part to funding by the WPA, which helped keep people employed through the Great Depression, the village continued to grow and was officially incorporated as a city in 1941.[10]

Population growth, which tapered during the Depression era, skyrocketed during the postwar period, driven by both the baby boom and white flight from the urban center of Cleveland. South Euclid's population peaked in the early 1970s. By 1980, lacking large tracts of available land for development, and with a population shift to exurban communities, the population of South Euclid began to shrink.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,605
1930 4,399 174.1%
1940 6,146 39.7%
1950 15,432 151.1%
1960 27,659 79.2%
1970 29,579 6.9%
1980 25,713 −13.1%
1990 23,866 −7.2%
2000 23,537 −1.4%
2010 22,295 −5.3%
Est. 2012 22,012 −1.3%
Sources:[11][12] [13][14][15][16][6][17]

Like Cleveland Heights to the west and University Heights to the south, South Euclid is racially integrated. A large portion of the city's population consists of African-Americans, Italian-Americans, Jews, and immigrants from Russia and other former Soviet republics.

89.9% spoke English, 3.2% Russian, 1.7% Spanish, 1.2% Italian, and 1.0% Yiddish as their first language.[18]

The median income for a household in the city was $59,423, and the median income for a family was $72,340. The per capita income for the city was $27,343. About 6.7% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Of the city's population over the age of 25, 37.9% hold a bachelor's degree or higher.[20]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 22,295 people, 8,913 households, and 5,791 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,794.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,851.2/km2). There were 9,607 housing units at an average density of 2,066.0 per square mile (797.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.1% White, 40.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 8,913 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.6% male and 54.4% female.

Education[edit]

The South Euclid-Lyndhurst City School District consists of:

  • 3 elementary schools: Adrian, Rowland, and Sunview;
  • 1 upper elementary school (grades 4–6): Greenview;
  • 1 junior high school (Grades 7–8): Memorial;
  • 1 high school, Charles F. Brush.

Non-public schools:

  • There are two parochial elementary schools and one college located in South Euclid:
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus, a Roman Catholic school located south of the intersection of Green and Mayfield roads. Established in 1925 as St. Gregory The Great, the school was renamed to Sacred Heart of Jesus after its 2010 merger with the now defunct St. Margaret Mary in 2010.[21]
  • St. John's, a Lutheran school located on Mayfield Road, St. John's school opened in the mid-1850s.[22]
  • Notre Dame College, a Roman Catholic college located on Green Road, north of Cedar. Notre Dame was established in 1922 as an all-female institution.[23] After 79 years, the college became coed in January 2001.[24] In addition to their ground based school, Notre Dame College offers online degree programs through the schools online campus.[25]

Former Schools:

After the demolition of Victory Park Elementary School in 1983, the South Euclid War Memorial (shown here) was re-dedicated at its current location: the intersection of South Green and Anderson Roads.
  • Andrew J. Anderson Elementary School: Built in 1952 on Anderson Road in Lyndhurst. In the 1980s, it was leased to Ratner-Montessouri private schools. The building was torn down in 2007 and the land is currently being used as an athletic field.
  • Victory Park Elementary School: Built in 1921 and located on the corner of Victory Drive and Mayfield Road. Demolished in 1983. Current site of a Giant Eagle Supermarket.
  • Lowden Elementary: Opened September 9, 1954 and closed June 8, 2007. In 2009 the building was torn down and the land converted to green space.
  • Green Road School (Middle School): located on the corner of Mayfield Road and Green Road, current site of Maymore shopping Plaza.
  • Southlyn Elementary: Currently used for a preschool program and community room.
  • South Euclid High School: Located on Green Road. Closed when replaced by Brush High School in 1927.
  • Regina High School: Opened in 1954, Regina was a parochial high school for girls. Regina's basketball team was the Ohio State Girl's Basketball Champions from 2000–03, and also took the title in 2005.[26] In October 2009, citing a 'steady decline in enrollment' over the years, it was announced that Regina High School would close following the graduation of the 2010 class.[27] The building was purchased by nearby Notre Dame College.[28]

Preschools:

  • South Euclid Cooperative Preschool.[3]

A small portion of South Euclid is located within the Cleveland Heights-University Heights City School District. Campuses zoned to this area include the Early Childhood Center (Preschool), Gearity Professional Development School (Grades K-5), Wiley Middle School (Grades 6–8), and Cleveland Heights High School [29] (Grades 9–12).

Parks and recreation[edit]

Canine friends enjoying winter play at South Euclid's dog park

There are four city-owned public parks: Quarry (divided by Monticello Boulevard into distinct North and South sections), Victory, Bexley, and Oakwood.

Quarry has a splash/sprinkle park, Victory sand volleyball courts, and Bexley a swimming pool. Quarry, Victory, and Bexley have playground equipment, and all four parks permit picnicking (although grilling facilities only remain at Bexley's pavilion and at Quarry North).[30] Quarry and Bexley both have baseball diamonds utilized by the city's public baseball and softball leagues.[31] Quarry Park North features a fenced off dog park, where canines can play unleashed.[32]

The southern portion of the Euclid Creek reservation of the Cleveland Metroparks is located in South Euclid. Nearby, the South Euclid War Memorial lists the names of those who died while serving in wartime.

South Euclid has partnered with nearby Lyndhurst to form several recreational groups:

  • SELREC- South Euclid Lyndhurst Recreation. Founded in June 1946. Offers programs to community residents to meet the needs of the recreational needs.
  • SELSC- South Euclid Lyndhurst Soccer Club. Offers recreational soccer and a competitive league. The recreational league runs its program in the spring and fall. The competitive league is a travel program that runs throughout the year.
  • SELYFL- South Euclid Lyndhurst Youth Football League. Formed In Fall 1997. Recruits children from 1st to 6th grade. It is meant to be a feeder system for the Brush Arcs football team.
  • SEYSBA- South Euclid Youth Softball and Baseball Association
  • SELBA- South Euclid Lyndhurst Basketball Association

South Euclid ranked 10th out of the 114 largest cities in Ohio in terms of walkability.[33]

Telling Mansion[edit]

The William E. Telling Mansion.

The historic William E. Telling mansion, which is on the National Register of Historic Places.[34] serves as home to the South Euclid-Lyndhurst branch of the nationally renowned Cuyahoga County Public Library system.[35] A wing of this same building, which once served as the gardener's quarters, houses the South Euclid - Lyndhurst Historical Society.[36] In 2012, the CCPL announced plans to sell the Telling mansion and move the Library to a new facility.[37] A petition was then created asking the board to reconsider,[38] however the board is proceeding with construction of the new site, scheduled to open in 2015.[39] In September, 2013, the Library board voted to sell the Mansion to Cleveland investor Richard A. Barone, who intends to turn it into an American porcelain art museum. The Telling Mansion Preservation Organization (TeMPO), composed of local citizens, is working with Barone to find additional uses for the Mansion as a cultural arts center, and retention of the South Euclid-Lyndhurst Historical Society. [40]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c About South Euclid, City of South Euclid, Ohio. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
  2. ^ Message from Mayor Georgine Welo, City of South Euclid, Ohio. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b http://www.cityofsoutheuclid.com/about-south-euclid/images/golden_jubilee_se2.pdf
  9. ^ a b http://www.clevelandmemory.org/southeuclid/
  10. ^ a b http://www.cityofsoutheuclid.com/about-south-euclid/images/golden_jubilee_se3.pdf
  11. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.mla.org/cgi-shl/docstudio/docs.pl?map_data_results
  19. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_12_5YR_DP03&prodType=table
  20. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/3973264.html
  21. ^ http://www.sacredheartofjesusacademy.org/about/school-history/
  22. ^ http://www.stjohnsoutheuclid.org/messagepg.htm
  23. ^ http://www.notredamecollege.edu/90
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ http://online.notredamecollege.edu/
  26. ^ [2][dead link]
  27. ^ http://www.reginahigh.com/FeatureReginatoClose.htm
  28. ^ http://blog.cleveland.com/sunmessenger/2011/01/notre_dame_college_in_south_eu_12.html
  29. ^ http://www.chuh.org/heights_high.shtml
  30. ^ http://www.cityofsoutheuclid.com/building-housing/se-goes-green-play-green.html
  31. ^ "City of South Euclid, Ohio 44121 Official Website". Cityofsoutheuclid.com. Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Update on South Euclid Newsletter – City of South Euclid, Ohio". Cityofsoutheuclid.com. Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  33. ^ http://www.walkscore.com/OH/
  34. ^ "William E. Telling (#52-18) - Ohio Historical Markers on Waymarking.com". Waymarking.com homepage. www.waymarking.com. Retrieved 2011-07-10. 
  35. ^ "Library Name". Haplr-index.com. Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  36. ^ "South Euclid Historical Society". Case.edu. Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  37. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/lyndhurst-south-euclid/index.ssf/2012/05/plans_call_for_new_south_eucli.html
  38. ^ http://www.change.org/petitions/cuy-co-public-library-board-don-t-abandon-historic-telling-mansion
  39. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/lyndhurst-south-euclid/index.ssf/2014/07/construction_begins_on_new_sou.html
  40. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/lyndhurst-south-euclid/index.ssf/2013/09/telling_mansion_1.html
  41. ^ http://cleveland.about.com/b/2006/12/29/former-wmms-dj-len-boom-boom-goldberg-dies.htm

External links[edit]