South Ferry – Whitehall Street (New York City Subway)
||It has been suggested that this article be merged with South Ferry loops (New York City Subway). (Discuss) Proposed since May 2014.|
South Ferry station canopy
|Address||South Street & Whitehall Street
New York, NY 10004
|Division||A (IRT), B (BMT)|
|Line||BMT Broadway Line
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
|Services||1 (all times)
R (weekdays except late nights)
|Opened||March 16, 2009|
|Passengers (2013)||6,192,660 (station complex) 21.3%|
|Rank||68 out of 421|
South Ferry – Whitehall Street is a New York City Subway station complex in the Manhattan neighborhood of Battery Park, shared by the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and the BMT Broadway Line. It is served by the:
Formerly two unconnected stations, the 2009 completion of the new South Ferry IRT terminal added a free transfer between the 1 train and the R train at the older Whitehall Street station.
This station complex is the third on the site to bear the name South Ferry. The second, opened from 1905 to 2009, served the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and Lexington Avenue lines. The first was an elevated station opened from 1877 to 1950, and served the former IRT Ninth, Sixth, Third, and Second Avenue lines.
- 1 Station layout
- 2 IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line platforms
- 3 BMT Broadway Line platforms
- 4 Notable places nearby
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
|G||Street Level||Exit / Entrance
(Elevator at SW corner of Whitehall and State Streets. Note: Elevator out of service)
|Side platform, not in service|
|Inner loop||→ does not stop here (Bowling Green is the next stop) →|
|Outer loop||→ toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Rector Street (Seventh)) →|
|Side platform, doors open on the right for the first five cars only|
|Mezzanine||to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|B2||Mezzanine||Passageway between platforms|
Broadway Line platforms
|Northbound||→ No regular service
← (under construction) toward 71st Avenue (Rector Street (Broadway))
← (under construction) toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights (Rector Street (Broadway))
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Center track||← toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue weekdays (Rector Street (Broadway))|
|Island platform, not in service|
|Southbound||→ No regular service
→ (under construction) toward Bay Ridge – 95th Street (Court Street) →
→ (under construction) toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue late nights (Court Street) →
Seventh Avenue Line platform
|Track 4||→ No regular service
← (planned) toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Rector Street (Seventh))
|Island platform, not in service|
|Track 1||→No regular service
← (planned) toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Rector Street (Seventh))
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line platforms
Old South Ferry station loop platforms (1905–2009, 2013–present)
The South Ferry loops, used by the 1 train as of April 2013, are two side platforms (the inner one is walled off) on curved balloon loop tracks; however, free transfers were unavailable between the platforms and each platform was meant to be served by its own line. The most recent configuration using both tracks consisted of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line on the outer loop platform and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line on the inner loop platform. Both stations are individually named South Ferry; the name "South Ferry loops" is used to distinguish these platforms from the successor station. The outer loop platform reopened on April 4, 2013, to provide temporary replacement service for the newer island platform station that was closed because of damage caused by Hurricane Sandy.
New South Ferry station (2009–2012)
Station condition as of January 2013
|Line||IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line|
|Services||no regular service|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||March 16, 2009 June 2016 (planned),|
|Closed||October 28, 2012|
|Accessible||(IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line only; elevator not in service)|
|Next north||Rector Street: no regular service|
|Next south||(Terminal): no regular service|
|Next north||Chambers Street: no regular service|
|Next south||none: no regular service|
The South Ferry station of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line has two tracks and one island platform. The two tracks end at bumper blocks at the south end of the platform. This station is the newest in the entire transit system, built as a replacement for the loop station, which was relegated to being used for turn-arounds once the new station opened. Unlike the loop station, this station only can access IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line local trains, and does not connect with the Lexington Avenue Line.
In mid-2005, construction commenced on the new station, which is located underneath the loop station. It is designed as an ADA-accessible, two-track terminal, which allows all ten cars of the train to platform and all doors to be opened. The new station offers three street entrances (the loop station originally had only one before it reopened with a connection to the South Ferry – Whitehall Street complex in 2013) and has added a free transfer to the Whitehall Street – South Ferry station on the BMT Broadway Line. Landscaping for Peter Minuit Plaza was completed in May 2010.
On December 11, 2008, the New York Times and the cable news channel NY1 reported that the new station was essentially finished. It features monumental artwork, See it split, see it change, consisting of fused glass wall, stone mosaic, and a stainless steel fence. The artwork by artists Doug & Mike Starn depicting Manhattan topography is installed in the mezzanine. In November and December 2005, centuries-old walls were discovered in two places in the proposed right-of-way. The walls are on display in the park, and in the new terminal.
Originally budgeted at $400 million, the new South Ferry station cost a total of $530 million, with most of the money being a grant from the Federal Transit Administration earmarked for World Trade Center reconstruction. In January 2009, the opening was delayed because the tracks were too far from the edge of the platform. The problem was corrected and the station opened on March 16, 2009. It was the first new subway station completed since 1989 when the IND 63rd Street Line stations opened.
On October 29, 2012, the new South Ferry station suffered extensive flooding damage caused by Hurricane Sandy. Salt water filled the station from the track level all the way up to the station mezzanine, turning the station into a "large fish tank," as former MTA chairman Joseph Lhota described it. As a result, this section of the complex was closed until further notice. The MTA estimated that repairs would cost $600 million and might continue until 2016. The terminal for the routes serving the station was moved back to Rector Street until the old loop station could be put back into service. The old loop station reopened on April 4, 2013, as a temporary replacement station until the newer, "replacement" station is restored to revenue service. The station is expected to reopen in August 2016 after renovations, signal room relocations, and extensive waterproofing work. The signal room itself could be delayed to 2019. The bid process for the contractor is to start in early 2014.
The station, in addition to being the newest station in the system, is also notable for being the most recently closed station in the entire subway system – it closed after only three years in service.
BMT Broadway Line platforms
|Line||BMT Broadway Line|
|Services||R (weekdays except late nights)|
|Platforms||2 island platforms
|Tracks||3 (1 in regular service)|
|Opened||September 20, 1918|
|Next north||Rector Street: R|
|Next south||(Terminal): R
Court Street: no regular service
Whitehall Street – South Ferry on the BMT Broadway Line has three tracks and two island platforms. The station is rather deep, as much of it goes under Bowling Green on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. The fare control area and transfer to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms are at the extreme south end of the station, with additional exits in the north end. Both platforms are approximately 12–15 feet (3.7–4.6 m) wide, enough to fit several narrow stairways along the platform's length; this is why, although the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's island platform is wheelchair-accessible, the BMT Broadway Line's platforms aren't.
South of this station, a pair of bellmouths exists, allowing for a connection to a never-built East River tunnel south of the Montague Street Tunnel, going towards the proposed DeKalb Avenue bypass, using the old LIRR Atlantic Avenue Tunnel or under another street in Brooklyn. Further south is a flying junction joining from Broad Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line. Also south of this station, the emergency exit from the Montague Street Tunnel is located in the Nassau Street Connection which means before the Nassau Street Line was built, the emergency exit was actually in the bellmouth for the proposed line. The bellmouth was visible for years until it was used by the Nassau Street Connection when the entire line opened in 1931.
When this station opened, it was the terminal for the Broadway Line until the connection to Brooklyn opened in March 1920.
As of August 2, 2013[update], this portion of the station is the southern terminal of the R train's Queens-Manhattan section on weekdays until October 2014. During this period, it short turns on the center track. This is due to Hurricane Sandy recovery work being done in the Montague Street Tunnel by the MTA. All weekend R and night N trains cross over the Manhattan Bridge south side. During those times, this portion of the station is closed.
Notable places nearby
- Downtown Manhattan Heliport
- Staten Island Ferry's Whitehall Street Ferry Terminal
- Ferries to Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Governors Island
- Other places in the neighborhood
- MTA Opens New South Ferry Station Retrieved March 16, 2009
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
- "Old South Ferry Station to Reopen for Service in early April" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 8, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- For South Ferry, mitigation and a new signal room
- New subway station has plenty of upside, Staten Island Advance, December 12, 2008
- MTA Capital Construction - South Ferry Terminal Project
- NY1 December 11, 2008
- LowerManhattan.info website, retrieved October 10, 2008
- At the Last Subway Stop, a New Exit Strategy, New York Times, December 11, 2008
- South Ferry Station To Open Next Week
- NEW AND OLD DOWNTOWN: Wall Street and South Ferry. Forgotten NY. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- MTA Capital Construction Procurement Website
- "Flood, Rebuild, Repeat: Are We Ready for a Superstorm Sandy Every Other Year?". Mother Jones. July–August 2013.
- Restoring South Ferry Station
- Old South Ferry subway station to reopen
- Storm Damage Prompts Return of Old Subway Stop
- Kabak, Benjamin (28 April 2014). "Board docs: South Ferry reopening still targeting mid-2016". Second Avenue Sagas. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- Lee Stokey. Subway Ceramics : A History and Iconography. 1994. ISBN 978-0-9635486-1-0
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to South Ferry – Whitehall Street (New York City Subway).|
- nycsubway.org—IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line: South Ferry
- nycsubway.org—BMT Broadway Line: Whitehall Street – South Ferry
- nycsubway.org — See It Split, See It Change Artwork by Doug and Mike Starn (2007)
- nycsubway.org — Passages Artwork by Frank Giorgini (2000)
- South Ferry Terminal Project — Official MTA South Ferry Station Project Page
- MTA's Arts For Transit — South Ferry (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
- MTA's Arts For Transit — Whitehall Street (BMT Broadway Line)
- entrance and elevator in front of the Staten Island Ferry Whitehall Terminal from Google Maps Street View
- Whitehall Street and Stone Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Whitehall Street and State Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
- State Street entrance from Google Maps Street View