South Garo Hills district

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South Garo Hills district
South Garo
District of Meghalaya
Location of South Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
Location of South Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
Country India
State Meghalaya
Headquarters Baghmara, India
Government
 • Assembly seats 7
Area
 • Total 1,850 km2 (710 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 99,105
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 53%
Website Official website

South Garo Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Meghalaya (out of 7).[1] The district was established in 1992.

Geography[edit]

The district headquarters are located at Baghmara. The district occupies an area of 1850 km².South Garo Hills has only 5 assembly constituency at that time but presently it has 3.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named South Garo Hills one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the three districts in Meghalaya currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Districts[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

South Garo Hills district is divided into four blocks:[3]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Baghmara Baghmara
South Garo Hills Subdivisions Baghmara.png
Chokpot Chokpot
South Garo Hills Subdivisions Chokpot.png
Gasuapara Nagrajora
South Garo Hills Subdivisions Gasuapara.png
Rongara Rongara
South Garo Hills Subdivisions Rongara.png

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census South Garo Hills district has a population of 142,574,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[4] This gives it a ranking of 604th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 77 inhabitants per square kilometre (200/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 41.19%.[1] South Garo Hills has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 72.39%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken here include A'Tong, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by 10 000 people in Bangladesh and India.[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1986 South Garo Hills district became home to Balphakram National Park, which has an area of 220 km2 (84.9 sq mi). It shares Nokrek National Park (47 km2 (18.1 sq mi), established in 1986) with two other districts.[6]

It is also home to the Siju and Baghmara Pitcher Plant Wildlife Sanctuaries.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011) (in English) (PDF). Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (Map). http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/maps/administrative_maps/MEGHALAYA.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ a b Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Meghalaya". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°12′N 90°38′E / 25.200°N 90.633°E / 25.200; 90.633